Threepence, Coin Type from Australia - detailed information

Threepence, Coin Type from Australia (issued 1910 - 1964)
Coin TypeThreepence

The Australian Threepence (or three pence) is a small silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal threepence, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom). 3 pence were equal to one quarter of a shilling, or 1/80th of a pound.

The reverse of the first type of Australian threepence coins features the 1908 Coat of Arms. In 1938, a new design superseded it, featuring three stalks of grain; the old type of coins remained in circulation.

The coins were initially struck by the Royal Mint, then mostly by the Melbourne Mint; during World War II its production was supplemented by coinage produced by the United States Mint:
- Royal Mint, 1910 - 1915, no mint mark; 1951 letters PL for mint mark
- Melbourne Mint, 1916 - 1964, letter M to 1921, then no mint mark
- Sydney Mint, 1924 - 1926, no mint mark
- United States Mint, San Francisco, 1942 - 1944, with S mint mark
- United States Mint, Denver, 1943, with D mint mark

The coins were made of sterling silver (composition: 0.925 silver, equal to 0.0419 oz ASW) until 1946; this was later debased to 50% silver (0.0226 oz ASW) while retaining the same design. They circulated until decimalisation and were withdrawn in 1966, when Australia switched to its current Australian Dollar currency. Unlike some of the larger denominations, they were not re-denominated into units of the new currency. However, the threepence coins were never formally demonetised and are still legal tender for 2½¢.

Obverse
Australia / Threepence - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin). Being a Dominion of the British Empire, Australia used the Imperial legend of the monarch and not a "home" version of it.

Throughout the existence of the coin type, the monarchs were:
- King Edward VII, 1910 only, shown in his Crowned bust by George William de Saulles
- King George V, 1911 - 1936, shown in his Crowned bust by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
- King George VI, 1938 - 1952, shown in his Bare Head portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
- Queen Elizabeth II, 1953 - 1964, shown in her First Effigy by Mary Gillick

There were no coins released for King Edward VIII.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
Australia / Threepence - reverse photo

The reverse (1910 - 1936) features the Ensigns Armorial of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 7th May 1908.

At centre, simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons (small shields). The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath and on a ribbon at the base, the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed.

Around above, the denomination THREEPENCE; below, between arrow heads, the date [year].

The second reverse (1938 - 1964) features three ears of wheat held by a curved ribbon. Around above, AUSTRALIA; around below, divided into two by the stalks of the wheat, the denomination THREE PENCE; above, across the middle of the coin the date [year] divided into two by the ears.

The artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray) are tucked, divided, into the first and last bends in the ribbon.

Reverse Inscription
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for threepence coins is 17.5mm.

Coin Type: Threepence - (47) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Threepence 1910 Australia / Threepence 1910 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1910 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,032,034
Threepence 1911 Australia / Threepence 1911 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1911 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,000,000
Threepence 1912 Australia / Threepence 1912 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1912 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,400,000
Threepence 1914 Australia / Threepence 1914 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1914 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,600,000
Threepence 1915 Australia / Threepence 1915 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1915 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 800,000
Threepence 1916 Australia / Threepence 1916 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1916 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 1,913,525
Threepence 1917 Australia / Threepence 1917 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1917 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,808,500
Threepence 1918 Australia / Threepence 1918 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1918 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,119,500
Threepence 1919 Australia / Threepence 1919 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1919 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,201,500
Threepence 1920 Australia / Threepence 1920 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1920 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 4,196,000
Threepence 1921 Australia / Threepence 1921 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1921 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 7,378,073
Threepence 1922 Australia / Threepence 1922 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1922 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 5,531,500
Threepence 1923 Australia / Threepence 1923 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1923 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 815,283
Threepence 1924 Australia / Threepence 1924 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1924 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: unknown
- Sydney Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: 2,014,044
Threepence 1925 Australia / Threepence 1925 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1925 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: unknown
- Sydney Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: 4,347,585
Threepence 1926 Australia / Threepence 1926 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1926 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: unknown
- Sydney Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: 6,158,000
Threepence 1927 Australia / Threepence 1927 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1927 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 6,720,050
Threepence 1928 Australia / Threepence 1928 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1928 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 5,008,000
Threepence 1934 Australia / Threepence 1934 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1934 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 1,616,100
Threepence 1935 Australia / Threepence 1935 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1935 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,800,000
Threepence 1936 Australia / Threepence 1936 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1936 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,600,000
Threepence 1937 (pattern) Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 15
Threepence 1938 Australia / Threepence 1938 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1938 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 4,560,250
Threepence 1939 Australia / Threepence 1939 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1939 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,856,000
Threepence 1940 Australia / Threepence 1940 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1940 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,840,000
Threepence 1941 Australia / Threepence 1941 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1941 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 7,584,000
Threepence 1942 Australia / Threepence 1942 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1942 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 16,000,000
- San Francisco Mint: 8,000,000
- Melbourne Mint: 528,000
Total Mintage: 24,528,000
Threepence 1943 Australia / Threepence 1943 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1943 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 24,912,000
- United States Mint, Denver: 16,000,000
- United States Mint, San Francisco: 8,000,000
Total Mintage: 48,912,000
Threepence 1944 Australia / Threepence 1944 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1944 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: San Francisco Mint
Mintage: 32,000,000
Threepence 1947 Australia / Threepence 1947 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1947 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 4,176,000
Threepence 1948 Australia / Threepence 1948 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1948 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 26,208,000
Threepence 1949 Australia / Threepence 1949 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1949 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 26,400,000
Threepence 1950 Australia / Threepence 1950 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1950 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 35,456,000
Threepence 1951 Australia / Threepence 1951 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1951 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mints:
- Royal Mint London: 40,000,000
- Melbourne Mint: 15,856,000
Total Mintage: 55,856,000
Threepence 1952 Australia / Threepence 1952 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1952 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 21,560,000
Threepence 1953 Australia / Threepence 1953 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1953 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 7,664,000
Threepence 1954 Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,672,000
Threepence 1955 Australia / Threepence 1955 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1955 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 27,089,040
Threepence 1956 Australia / Threepence 1956 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1956 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 14,089,500
Threepence 1957 Australia / Threepence 1957 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1957 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 26,705,256
Threepence 1958 Australia / Threepence 1958 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1958 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 11,249,506
Threepence 1959 Australia / Threepence 1959 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1959 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 19,889,508
Threepence 1960 Australia / Threepence 1960 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1960 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 19,601,509
Threepence 1961 Australia / Threepence 1961 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1961 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 33,841,506
Threepence 1962 Australia / Threepence 1962 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1962 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 15,969,500
Threepence 1963 Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 44,017,500
Threepence 1964 Australia / Threepence 1964 - reverse photo Australia / Threepence 1964 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 20,320,000
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Threepence: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Sub-types Threepence - Coat of Arms
Threepence - Stalks of Grain
From1910
To1964
Face Value3 (x Penny)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
MaterialSilver
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size16.000 mm
Mass1.410 g
Threepence: Photos
ImageDetails
Australia 1927 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Coat of Arms reverse (1910 - 1936).
Source
Australia 1953 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Stalks of grain reverse (1937 - 1964).
Source
Australia 1910 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1910 only).
Source
Specimen Coin - Threepence, Australia, 1919
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Threepence, Australia, 1939
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor of India (1938 - 1948).
Source
Proof Coin - Threepence, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1949 - 1952).
Source
Australia 1953 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1954).
Source
Australia 1958 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Defender of the Faith (1955 - 1964).
Source