Sixpence 1944, Coin from British West Africa - detailed information

Sixpence 1944, Coin from British West Africa (demonetised 1968)
CoinSixpence 1944

The British West African Pound was the currency of British West Africa, a group of British colonies, protectorates and mandate territories - Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Ghana (originally Gold Coast) and Gambia.

The British West African Pound was equal to the (pre-decimal) Pound Sterling and was similarly subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence. In other words, the sixpence (or six pence) was equal to one half of a shilling or 1/40th of a pound (i.e., 40 of these coins made one pound).

Initially the coins were issued in silver; this was later changed to tin brass and then to nickel brass - such as this coin.

After decolonisation, the coins were replaced by the various new countries as they introduced their own independent currencies:
- Nigeria introduced the Nigerian Pound in 1958
- Ghana introduced in Ghanaian Pound in 1958
- British Cameroon (on unification with Cameroon) adopted the Central African CFA Franc in 1961
- Sierra Leone introduced the Leone in 1964
- Gambia introduced the Gambian Pound in 1965

In some places, British West African coins circulated in parallel with the new coinage until 1968. Thus, 6 pence coins issued in 1944 would have circulated for up to 24 years depending on location.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage1,814,000 (1.8 million)
Obverse

Crowned head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend: GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:. Translated from Latin: George VI, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials PM (for Percy Metcalfe).

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Reverse

Within an oak wreath tied with ribbon, the value and denomination in two lines: 6 PENCE.

Around, the legend BRITISH WEST AFRICA; below the wreath, the date: 1944.

Reverse Inscription 6 PENCE BRITISH WEST AFRICA 1944
EdgeSecurity GrooveEdge InscriptionNone
Sixpence 1944: References to Information Used
All (24) Coins of Country: British West Africa, Type: Sixpence
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Sixpence 1913 960,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1914 952,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1916 400,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1917 2,400,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1918 1,160,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1919 8,676,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1920 (Silver) 2,948,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1920 (Brass) 12,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1923 2,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1924 3,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1925 2,800,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1928 400,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1933 1,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1935 4,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1936 13,576,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1938 12,114,473 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1940 17,829,069 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1942 1,600,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1943 10,586,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1944 1,814,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1945 4,000,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1946 4,000,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1947 6,120,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Sixpence 1952 2,544,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) + GEORGIVS VI DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF:
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Sixpence 1944: Details
CountryBritish West Africa
CurrencyBritish West African Pound
Coin TypeSixpence, Nickel Brass
Issued1944
MonarchKing George VI
EffigyPortrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head)
Face Value6 (x Penny)
Total Mintage1,814,000 (1.8 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1968
MaterialNickel Brass
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)19.3400
Mass (g)3.4900
OCC IDRDKL-MEMK-CWLY-ENZB
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Sixpence 1944: Photos
ImageDetails
6 Pence
Copyright: British Museum / CC BY-NC-SA
Source
Sixpence 1944: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsBritish West Africa KM# 22
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