Penny 1944, Coin from New Guinea, Territory of - detailed information

Penny 1944, Coin from New Guinea, Territory of (demonetised 1966)
CoinPenny 1944

After World War I, New Guinea was administered by Australia (with an interruption due to Japanese occupation during World War II) until the independence of Papua New Guinea in 1975.

Between 1929 and 1945, special coins were minted for the territory by the Melbourne Mint but Australian coinage circulated too. The coins had the same denominations as their British and Australian counterparts from half penny through to shilling (no larger denominations were issued) but feature a central hole.

In 1929, a one year type copper-nickel penny was issued. These coins were considered an unsuccessful experiment and were never released into circulation. The Melbourne Mint sold 400 in a set together with a 1929 half penny. The rest of the mintage was melted.

Later penny coins (of this type) were issued in bronze and with a different design.

MintMelbourne Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage240,000
Obverse

Crown above central hole flanked by examples of native art depicting nesting birds; royal cypher below (GRI for Georgivs VI Rex Imperator - George VI King and Emperor).

Obverse Inscription GRI
Reverse

Examples of native art around central hole. Around, TERRITORY OF NEW GUINEA. ONE . PENNY . 1944 In tiny letters divided by the central motif, the designer's initials KG (for George Kruger Gray).

Reverse Inscription TERRITORY OF NEW GUINEA ONE PENNY 1944
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Penny 1944: References to Information Used
All (4) Coins of Country: New Guinea, Territory of, Type: Penny
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Penny 1944: Details
CountryNew Guinea, Territory of
CurrencyNew Guinean Pound
Coin TypePenny (Bronze)
Issued1944
MonarchKing George VI
Face Value1 (x Penny)
Mintage240,000
CurrentNo; demonetised 1966
MaterialBronze
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound with hole
Size (mm)26.7000
Mass (g)
OCC IDDBYN-KODD-CWJR-OPQM
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Penny 1944: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Guinea KM# 7
Australian Coin ChartNGP4