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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1944 from New Guinea, Territory of

Coin: Penny 1944

After World War I, New Guinea was administered by Australia (with an interruption due to Japanese occupation during World War II) until the independence of Papua New Guinea in 1975.

Between 1929 and 1945, special coins were minted for the territory by the Melbourne Mint but Australian coinage circulated too. The coins had the same denominations as their British and Australian counterparts from half penny through to shilling (no larger denominations were issued) but feature a central hole.

In 1929, a one year type copper-nickel penny was issued. These coins were considered an unsuccessful experiment and were never released into circulation. The Melbourne Mint sold 400 in a set together with a 1929 half penny. The rest of the mintage was melted.

Later penny coins (of this type) were issued in bronze and with a different design.

CountryNew Guinea, Territory of CurrencyNew Guinean Pound
Face value1 (x Penny) TypePenny (Bronze)
Year1944 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage240,000 (240000)
NameMint markMintage
Melbourne Mint No mint mark 240,000 (240000)
MaterialBronze DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
MonarchKing George VI Effigy
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound with hole
Size (mm)26.7000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)

Crown above central hole flanked by examples of native art depicting nesting birds; royal cypher below (GRI for Georgivs VI Rex Imperator - George VI King and Emperor).

Obverse inscription GRI

Examples of native art around central hole. Around, TERRITORY OF NEW GUINEA. ONE . PENNY . 1944 In tiny letters divided by the central motif, the designer's initials KG (for George Kruger Gray).

EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Penny 1944: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Guinea KM# 7
Australian Coin ChartNGP4
Penny 1944: References to Information Used
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Australian Coin Chart 1966 Mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage
Bullion Star - Preserve and Protect Your Wealth in Singapore
Bullion Star - Preserve and Protect Your Wealth in Singapore
List of all (4) coins of type: New Guinea, Territory of / Penny
Penny 1929 Penny 1936 Penny 1938 Penny 1944