Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt, Coin from Switzerland - detailed information

Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt, Coin from Switzerland (withdrawn 1936)
CoinTwenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt

The Twenty Francs coin is a denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, the Franc has three different names: Franken in German, franc in French and Romansh, and franco in Italian. The denomination is thus shown with a language-neutral abbreviation on the reverse: 20 FR.

Initially when federal Swiss coinage was introduced in 1850, all "francs" (from five francs down to a half franc) were full-bodied silver, while the centimes were either billon (low-grade silver) or base metal. In 1883, the first 20 francs gold coin was introduced, with a design like the 5 francs coin at the time.

Twelve years earlier though, this pattern was struck - with a design compatible with the small denominations of the time. It was not accepted though, and later a different design was selected for circulation.

MintBern Mint Mint MarkLetter B Total Mintage200, Rarity: R2 (Very Rare)
Obverse
Switzerland / Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt - obverse photo

The obverse features, within a beaded circle, the Swiss Coat of Arms. It is rendered like that on the Twenty Centimes, Ten Centimes and Five Centimes - and is quite different from that on the One Centime and Two Centimes denominations circulating at the same time but designed by Alexander Hutter). In the background, two crossed edelweiss flowers.

Around above is the legend HELVETIA.

Around below, the date: 1871.

Obverse Inscription HELVETIA 1871
Reverse
Switzerland / Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt - reverse photo

Within a beaded circle, a wreath of alpine flowers surrounds the the value and denomination, on two lines: 20 FR..

Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the mint mark B of the Bern Mint.

Reverse Inscription 20 FR.
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Mintage is estimated.

Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Swissmint Mintage link
All (44) Coins of Country: Switzerland, Type: Twenty Francs, Gold
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt 200 Coat of Arms of Switzerland HELVETIA 1871
Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Durussel 30 Coat of Arms of Switzerland HELVETIA 20 F.
Twenty Francs 1873 Pattern 1,080 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1883 250,000 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFOEDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1886 250,000 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1887 176 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1888 4,224 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1889 100,000 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1890 125,000 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1891 100,000 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1892 100,000 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1893 100,025 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1894 120,600 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1895 200,019 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1896 400,000 Libertas by Albert Walch CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA
Twenty Francs 1897 400,029 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1898 400,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1899 300,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1900 400,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1901 500,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1902 600,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1903 200,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1904 100,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1905 100,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1906 100,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1907 150,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1908 355,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1909 400,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1910 375,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1911 350,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1912 450,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1913 700,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1914 700,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1915 750,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1916 300,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1922 2,783,678 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1925 400,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1926 50,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1927 5,015,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1930 3,371,764 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1935 175,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1935 L-B 20,008,813 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1947 9,200,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
Twenty Francs 1949 10,000,000 Vreneli HELVETIA
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Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Coin TypeTwenty Francs, Gold
Issued1871
SymbolCoat of Arms of Switzerland
Face Value20 (x Franc)
Total Mintage200, Rarity: R2 (Very Rare)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1936
Material0.900 Gold
DesignerCarl Friedrich Voigt
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size21.000 mm
Mass6.452 g
OCC IDDKLM-OMKC-VQBP-ONZB
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Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt: Photos
ImageDetails
Switzerland 20 Francs Gold 1871 Pattern
Copyright: Heritage Auctions
Source
Switzerland 20 Francs Gold 1871 Pattern
Copyright: Heritage Auctions
Source
Twenty Francs 1871 Pattern by Voigt: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsSwitzerland KM# Pn17