|Coin Type||Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Billon|
The Twenty Centimes coin is a small circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, the sub-unit of the Franc has four different names; it is centime (c.) in French, Rappen (Rp.) in German, centesimo (ct.) in Italian and rap (rp.) in Romansh. Some English-language catalogues call the coin a 20 Rappen coin, but the English-language publications of the Swiss National Bank and Swissmint prefer the term 20 centimes.
This first version of the 20 centimes / rappen coin was designed by Carl Friedrich Voigt of the Munich Mint (then Royal Bavarian Mint). On the obverse it featured the Swiss Coat of Arms (a rendering quite different from that on the One Centime and Two Centimes denominations released at the same time but designed by Alexander Hutter), on two flower (Alpine rose) branches. The reverse shows the value (only a numeral, no text) within a flower wreath. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins. This version was lighter (3.25 grams) and made of billon (an alloy with a very low quantity of silver), the composition of which varied through the years: 15% silver, 50% copper, 25% zinc, 10% nickel (1850, 1851), 15% silver, 75% copper, 5% zinc, 5% nickel (1858), 15% silver, 65% copper, 10% zinc, 10% nickel (1859).
The first version was issued only until 1859 and was demonetised on 30th June 1886.
The obverse features the Swiss Coat of Arms (a rendering quite different from that on the One Centime and Two Centimes denominations released at the same time but designed by Alexander Hutter), on two flower (Alpine rose) branches. Around above is the legend HELVETIA. Around below, the date: [year].
|Obverse Inscription||· HELVETIA · [year]|
The reverse shows the value 20 (only a numeral, no text) within a wreath of flowers (Alpine roses). This original reverse has remained unchanged since 1850 to present.
|Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1850||5,779,892||Coat of Arms of Switzerland||HELVETIA 1850|
|Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1851||5,779,891||Coat of Arms of Switzerland||HELVETIA 1851|
|Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1858||1,548,000||Coat of Arms of Switzerland||HELVETIA 1858|
|Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1859||2,776,000||Coat of Arms of Switzerland||HELVETIA 1859|
|Sub-type of||Twenty Centimes (Rappen)|
|Face Value||20 (x Centime)|
|Current||No (demonetised 1886)|
|Designer||Carl Friedrich Voigt|
|Orientation||Same (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)|