Two Pence 1991, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Two Pence 1991, Coin from United Kingdom
CoinTwo Pence 1991

The two pence coin is currently the second lowest circulating denomination of the British (decimal) Pound Sterling, after the half penny was demonetised in 1984. It was one of three new coins introduced into general circulation on the 15 February 1971 when the United Kingdom adopted a new decimal currency system. The other two new coins were the 1/2p and 1p coins (5p, 10p and 50p had been introduced earlier).

To avoid confusion between the old and new coinage all three coins initially had the word "NEW" incorporated into the reverse design; this was later removed.

Bronze was replaced for new coins with copper-plated steel in 1992. In 2008, a new design was introduced. The original coins are still current though, and circulate in parallel with the new ones. Coins issued in 1991 have now been circulating for 30 years.

One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage86,755,369 (86.8 million), Rarity: C (Common)
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Obverse
United Kingdom / Two Pence 1991 - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II, facing right (her effigy known as the "Third Portrait"). The Queen is wearing the royal diadem which she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament, a pearl necklace and earrings.

Incuse in tiny letters on the neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 1991.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
Reverse
United Kingdom / Two Pence 1991 - reverse photo

Within a beaded circle, the Badge of the Prince of Wales: a plume of three ostrich feathers within a coronet, above the incuse German motto ICH DIEN ("I serve"). The numeral value 2 is written below the badge, and the value and denomination in words: TWO PENCE are around above.

Reverse Inscription 2 TWO PENCE
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Two Pence 1991: Known varieties
Variety In mint sets
Mintage Issued: 74,975 (included in total)
In Set 1991 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage 74,975
7 coins: £1 Northern Ireland, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1991 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection - Baby, mintage unknown (included in the above set)
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 55,144 (included in total)
In Set 1991 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection, mintage 55,144
7 coins: £1 Northern Ireland, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1991 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection (deluxe), mintage unknown, limited to 100,000 (included in the above set)
Two Pence 1991: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Mintage Proof and sets mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Varieties Proof FDC, mint sets
All (53) coins of type: Two Pence
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Pence 1971 1,455,206,250 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1971
Two Pence 1972 (Proof only) 150,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1972
Two Pence 1973 (Proof only) 100,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1973
Two Pence 1974 (Proof only) 100,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1974
Two Pence 1975 145,645,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1975
Two Pence 1976 181,479,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1976
Two Pence 1977 109,474,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1977
Two Pence 1978 189,744,100 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1978
Two Pence 1979 260,281,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1979
Two Pence 1980 408,670,400 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1980
Two Pence 1981 353,291,300 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1981
Two Pence 1982 (mint sets only) 311,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1982
Two Pence 1983 (mint sets only) 744,900 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
Two Pence 1984 (mint sets only) 265,340 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
Two Pence 1985 107,393,390 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
Two Pence 1986 169,239,321 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
Two Pence 1987 218,361,834 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
Two Pence 1988 420,102,381 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
Two Pence 1989 359,389,273 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
Two Pence 1990 204,681,358 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
Two Pence 1991 86,755,369 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
Two Pence 1992 102,387,747 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
Two Pence 1993 235,797,025 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
Two Pence 1994 531,872,692 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
Two Pence 1995 124,648,286 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
Two Pence 1996 296,432,082 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
Two Pence 1997 496,306,305 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
Two Pence 1998 213,989,862 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
Two Pence 1999 354,032,840 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
Two Pence 2000 536,849,219 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
Two Pence 2001 551,987,113 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
Two Pence 2002 168,677,309 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
Two Pence 2003 260,381,512 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
Two Pence 2004 356,515,637 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
Two Pence 2005 280,518,263 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
Two Pence 2006 170,774,798 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
Two Pence 2007 254,630,093 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
Two Pence 2008 (Ironside design) 10,772,577 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
Two Pence 2008 (Dent design) 241,799,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
Two Pence 2009 150,641,270 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
Two Pence 2010 99,690,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
Two Pence 2011 144,340,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
Two Pence 2012 67,903,802 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
Two Pence 2013 40,646,937 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
Two Pence 2014 247,642,614 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
Two Pence 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 85,945,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
Two Pence 2015 (Fifth Portrait) 139,225,285 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
Two Pence 2016 185,648,830 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Two Pence 2017 16,651,656 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Two Pence 2018 (mint sets only) 33,086 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
Two Pence 2019 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
Two Pence 2020 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2020 ·
Two Pence 2021 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2021 ·
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Two Pence 1991: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeTwo Pence (Ironside design, Bronze)
Issued1991
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf
Face Value2 (x Penny)
Circulation Mintage86,625,250 (86.6 million)
Total Mintage86,755,369 (86.8 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentYes
MaterialBronze
DesignerChristopher Ironside
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size25.910 mm
Thickness1.850 mm
Mass7.128 g
OCC IDYAPV-ZEYR-CDQB-OLMD
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Two Pence 1991: Photos
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Coin, Great Britain, 2 Pence, 1991
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
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Coin, Great Britain, 2 Pence, 1991
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
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Two Pence 1991: Catalogue Reference IDs