One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem, Coin from United Kingdom (demonetised 2017)
CoinOne Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem

By 1980 it had become apparent that with the general decline in purchasing power, the £1 unit of currency was more appropriate to a coin than a banknote. After consultation with many groups including retailers and special interest groups, the Government announced on 31 July 1981 that a new £1 coin that was to be issued on 21 April 1983.

The £1 coin in base metal (as opposed to the gold sovereign, which has a nominal face value of one pound too), nickel-brass was introduced in 1983, as a replacement for the £1 banknote. The reverse design of the first £1 coin showed a depiction of the Royal Coat of Arms, representing the United Kingdom as a whole. It was issued until 2015 in rotation with other designs representing Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England, alternating each year in that order.

According to the Royal Mint, "The reverse design of the 1985 £1 coin featured the national emblem of Wales - the leek - encircled by the Royal Diadem. It was the second in a series of four issued to represent the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom; Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England." This design was issued again only once, in 1990. Wales was later represented by the Dragon type of one pound, the 2005 Menai Bridge One Pound coin, the 2011 Cardiff One Pound and the 2013 One Pound with the floral emblem of Wales.

The edge inscription PLEIDIOL WYF I'M GWLAD means "True am I to my country".

Coins issued in 1985 circulated for 32 years until they were demonetised in 2017 and replaced with the current bimetallic one pound coin.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Mintage228,735,989 (228.7 million), Rarity: C (Common)
Obverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem - obverse photo

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait").

Incuse in tiny letters on the neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 1985. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 1985.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem - reverse photo

At centre, a large leek plant within a royal diadem, representing Wales. Around below, the value and denomination ONE POUND.

Reverse Inscription ONE POUND
EdgeMilled and inscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionPLEIDIOL WYF I'M GWLAD
Notes

Mintage figure comprised of:
228,430,749 coins released into circulation
178,375 brilliant uncirculated in sets
24,850 specimen grade issued in presentation folder
102,015 proofs

The design was re-issued in 2008 as a collector coin (in silver and gold) as part of a 14-coin commemorative set marking the 25th Anniversary of the £1 coin.

One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem: Known varieties
Variety In mint sets
Mintage 178,375 (included in total)
Details

In 7-coin mint set, Spink US04, Krause MS106. Spink lists mintage of 102,015 - exactly the same as the proof set, probably in error.

Variety Proof FDC United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem / Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem / Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage 102,015 (included in total)
Details

In 7-coin mint set, Spink PS35, Krause PS47 (Krause lists mintage of 125,000).

Variety Silver Proof FDC United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem / Silver Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem / Silver Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage 50,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details

9.50 g sterling silver (0.2825 ASW), 22.50 mm.

Variety Specimen in presentation folder
Mintage 24,850 (included in total)
Variety Silver Proof Piedfort United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem / Silver Proof Piedfort - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem / Silver Proof Piedfort - reverse photo
Mintage 15,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details

19.00 g sterling silver (0.5650 ASW), 22.50 mm.

One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 2016 Coin description link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
All (50) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: One Pound
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Pound 1983 Royal Arms 444,283,310 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Pound 1984 Thistle and Diadem 146,549,801 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem 228,735,989 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Pound 1986 Flax and Diadem 10,701,230 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Pound 1987 Oak Tree and Diadem 39,632,193 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Pound 1988 Shield 7,361,756 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Pound 1989 Thistle and Diadem 70,743,774 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Pound 1990 Leek and Diadem 97,450,960 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Pound 1991 Flax and Diadem 38,573,694 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Pound 1992 Oak Tree and Diadem 36,461,234 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Pound 1993 Royal Arms 114,867,525 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant 29,997,217 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Pound 1995 Dragon 34,669,787 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Pound 1996 Celtic Cross 90,040,082 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Pound 1997 Three Lions 57,364,751 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Pound 1998 Royal Arms 159,862 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Pound 1999 Lion Rampant 216,840 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Pound 2000 Dragon 109,686,719 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Pound 2001 Celtic Cross 64,075,178 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Pound 2002 Three Lions 77,939,309 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Pound 2003 Royal Arms 61,776,772 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge 39,320,042 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Pound 2005 Menai Bridge 99,576,565 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Pound 2006 Egyptian Arch Bridge 39,099,654 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Pound 2007 Millennium Bridge 26,315,579 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Pound 2008 Royal Arms 4,100,913 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2008 Shield 43,947,300 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2009 Shield 27,912,014 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Pound 2010 Shield 57,220,033 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 London 2,732,157 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 Belfast 6,303,899 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2011 Shield 25,443,974 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Cardiff 1,691,907 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Edinburgh 935,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2012 Shield 35,802,832 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Pound 2013 Shield 13,136,687 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 England 5,302,073 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 Wales 5,302,073 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2014 Shield 79,347,794 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Northern Ireland 5,811,821 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Scotland 5,185,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fourth Portrait) 29,580,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fifth Portrait) 75,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2015 Royal Arms 129,616,985 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2016 Shield 30,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016
One Pound 2016 Last Round Pound unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016
One Pound 2016 Bimetallic 648,936,536 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2016 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2017 749,616,200 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2017 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2018 130,560,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2018 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2019 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2019 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
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One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Pound (Leek and Diadem)
Issued1985
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Face Value1 (x Pound)
Mintage228,735,989 (228.7 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentNo; demonetised 2017
MaterialNickel Brass
DesignerLeslie Durbin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)22.5000
Thickness (mm)3.1500
Mass (g)9.5000
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One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, Silver, 1985
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, Silver, 1985
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, 1985
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Proof.
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, 1985
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Proof.
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, 1985
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Pound, 1985
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomJ3 (was 4331)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 941, KM# 941a (silver)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# P5 (silver piedfort)