New Zealand: Coin Type Threepence - detailed information

New Zealand: Coin Type Threepence (issued 1933 - 1965)
Coin TypeThreepence

Initially, British and Australian coins circulated in New Zealand. The devaluation of the New Zealand pound relative to sterling in the 1930s led to the issue of distinct New Zealand coins in 1933, in denominations of 3d, 6d, 1s, 2s (the florin) and 2½s (the half-crown), minted in 50% silver until 1946 and in cupro-nickel from 1947. In 1940, bronze ½d and 1d coins were introduced. All these denominations were the same size and weight as their equivalents in the Australian and UK coinage (although Australia never minted the half-crown). When the UK introduced the nickel-brass twelve sided threepenny bit, New Zealand continued to use the smaller silver coin until decimalisation in 1967.

The specifications for the coin were (in measurement units of the time):
Diameter of Coin: 0.642 inches
Standard Weight: 21.81818 grains
Remedy Allowance (margin of error in weight): 0.212 grains

The composition of the metal was:
1933-1946: 50% silver, 40% copper, 5% nickel and 5% zinc
1947-1965: 75% copper and 25% nickel.

In regards to statistics, it has to be noted that the mintage figures provided by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand include, in some cases (like the 1953 mintages), the proof issue of the year while in most other cases they do not.

According to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the total mintage of the denomination during its existence was 129,207,364 (129 mln).

Counting the (few) known proof mintages, the total mintage adds up to 129,232,634 (138 mln).

Of them, 43,400,604 (43 mln) were silver and 85,832,030 (86 mln) were cupronickel.

Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

During the existence of the denomination, ruling monarchs for whom threepence coins were minted were King George V, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II. No coins were minted for King Edward VIII during his short reign.

After the Independence of India in 1947, the title "Emperor" was dropped from the legend of King George VI.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

Two carved patu (Maori weapons) crossed with lanyards or throngs attached, between their blades, the value and denomination 3d (abbreviation for "three pence"); above, NEW ZEALAND; below, the date.

The artist's initials KG (Kruger Gray) were omitted from the reverse of the threepence until the 1937 issue when they were placed below the centre of the crossed weapons.

Reverse InscriptionNEW ZEALAND 3d [year]
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Pepping, Robert. 2017. New Zealand History Coined. Wellington, New Zealand. pp 97-109.

All Coins of Type: Threepence (31)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Threepence 1933 6,000,020 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust) GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1934 6,000,020 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust) GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1935 40,364 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust) GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1936 2,760,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust) GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1937 2,880,200 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1939 3,000,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1940 2,000,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1941 1,760,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1942 3,120,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1943 4,400,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1944 2,840,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1945 2,520,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1946 6,080,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1947 6,400,020 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Threepence 1948 4,000,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Threepence 1950 800,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Threepence 1951 3,600,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Threepence 1952 8,000,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Threepence 1953 4,007,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1954 4,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1955 4,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1956 4,800,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1957 8,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1958 4,800,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1959 4,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1960 4,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1961 4,800,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1962 6,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1963 4,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1964 6,400,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Threepence 1965 4,225,010 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
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Threepence: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
Sub-types Threepence (Silver)
Threepence (CuproNickel)
From1933
To1965
Face Value3 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
Material
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)16.2600
Mass (g)1.4138
Threepence: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Two carved patu reverse, no designer's initials (1933 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Two carved patu reverse, K.G designer's initials (1937 - 1965).
Source
Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1933 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor (1937 - 1947).
Source
Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1948
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1948 - 1952).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1965).
Source