Threepence, Coin Type from New Zealand - detailed information

Threepence, Coin Type from New Zealand (issued 1933 - 1965)
Coin TypeThreepence

Initially, British and Australian coins circulated in New Zealand. The devaluation of the New Zealand pound relative to sterling in the 1930s led to the issue of distinct New Zealand coins in 1933, in denominations of 3d, 6d, 1s, 2s (the florin) and 2½s (the half-crown), minted in 50% silver until 1946 and in cupro-nickel from 1947. In 1940, bronze ½d and 1d coins were introduced. All these denominations were the same size and weight as their equivalents in the Australian and UK coinage (although Australia never minted the half-crown). When the UK introduced the nickel-brass twelve sided threepenny bit, New Zealand continued to use the smaller silver coin until decimalisation in 1967.

The specifications for the coin were (in measurement units of the time):
Diameter of Coin: 0.642 inches
Standard Weight: 21.81818 grains
Remedy Allowance (margin of error in weight): 0.212 grains

The composition of the metal was:
1933-1946: 50% silver, 40% copper, 5% nickel and 5% zinc
1947-1965: 75% copper and 25% nickel.

In regards to statistics, it has to be noted that the mintage figures provided by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand include, in some cases (like the 1953 mintages), the proof issue of the year while in most other cases they do not.

According to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the total mintage of the denomination during its existence was 129,207,364 (129 mln).

Counting the (few) known proof mintages, the total mintage adds up to 129,232,634 (138 mln).

Of them, 43,400,604 (43 mln) were silver and 85,832,030 (86 mln) were cupronickel.

Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

During the existence of the denomination, ruling monarchs for whom threepence coins were minted were King George V, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II. No coins were minted for King Edward VIII during his short reign.

After the Independence of India in 1947, the title "Emperor" was dropped from the legend of King George VI.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

Two carved patu (Maori weapons) crossed with lanyards or throngs attached, between their blades, the value and denomination 3d (abbreviation for "three pence"); above, NEW ZEALAND; below, the date.

The artist's initials KG (Kruger Gray) were omitted from the reverse of the threepence until the 1937 issue when they were placed below the centre of the crossed weapons.

Reverse Inscription NEW ZEALAND 3d [year]
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Pepping, Robert. 2017. New Zealand History Coined. Wellington, New Zealand. pp 97-109.

Coin Type: Threepence - (31) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Threepence 1933 New Zealand / Threepence 1933 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1933 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,000,020
Threepence 1934 New Zealand / Threepence 1934 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1934 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,000,020
Threepence 1935 New Zealand / Threepence 1935 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1935 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 40,364
Threepence 1936 New Zealand / Threepence 1936 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1936 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,760,000
Threepence 1937 New Zealand / Threepence 1937 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1937 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,880,200
Threepence 1939 New Zealand / Threepence 1939 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1939 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,000,000
Threepence 1940 New Zealand / Threepence 1940 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1940 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,000,000
Threepence 1941 New Zealand / Threepence 1941 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1941 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,760,000
Threepence 1942 New Zealand / Threepence 1942 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1942 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,120,000
Threepence 1943 New Zealand / Threepence 1943 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1943 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,400,000
Threepence 1944 Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,840,000
Threepence 1945 New Zealand / Threepence 1945 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1945 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,520,000
Threepence 1946 Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,080,000
Threepence 1947 New Zealand / Threepence 1947 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1947 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,400,020
Threepence 1948 New Zealand / Threepence 1948 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1948 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,000,000
Threepence 1950 New Zealand / Threepence 1950 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1950 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 800,000
Threepence 1951 New Zealand / Threepence 1951 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1951 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,600,000
Threepence 1952 New Zealand / Threepence 1952 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1952 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,000,000
Threepence 1953 New Zealand / Threepence 1953 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1953 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,007,000
Threepence 1954 Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,000,000
Threepence 1955 Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,000,000
Threepence 1956 New Zealand / Threepence 1956 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1956 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,800,000
Threepence 1957 New Zealand / Threepence 1957 - reverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,000,000
Threepence 1958 Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,800,000
Threepence 1959 New Zealand / Threepence 1959 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1959 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,000,000
Threepence 1960 New Zealand / Threepence 1960 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1960 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,000,000
Threepence 1961 New Zealand / Threepence 1961 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1961 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,800,000
Threepence 1962 New Zealand / Threepence 1962 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1962 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,000,000
Threepence 1963 New Zealand / Threepence 1963 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1963 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,000,000
Threepence 1964 New Zealand / Threepence 1964 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1964 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,400,000
Threepence 1965 New Zealand / Threepence 1965 - reverse photo New Zealand / Threepence 1965 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,225,010
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Threepence: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
Sub-types Threepence (Silver)
Threepence (CuproNickel)
From1933
To1965
Face Value3 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
Material
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size16.260 mm
Mass1.414 g
Threepence: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Two carved patu reverse, no designer's initials (1933 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Two carved patu reverse, K.G designer's initials (1937 - 1965).
Source
Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1933 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor (1937 - 1947).
Source
Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1948
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1948 - 1952).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, New Zealand, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1965).
Source