One Franc, Silver, Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

One Franc, Silver, Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1875 - 1967)
Coin TypeOne Franc, Silver

The One Franc coin is a circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, it has three different names: Franken in German, franc in French and Romansh, and franco in Italian. Initially when federal Swiss coinage was introduced in 1850, all "francs" (including the half franc) were full-bodied silver, while the centimes were either billon (low-grade silver) or base metal.

The first version of the one franc coin featuring a seated figure of Helvetia was designed by Friedrich Fisch and engraved by Antoine Bovy. The reverse shows the value, a numeral 1, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr. within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins. This version was heavier than current coins (5 grams) and made of 0.900 silver. It was demonetised in two stages - 1st January 1869 for coins issued 1850-1857, then 1st January 1878 for coins issued in 1860 and 1861.

In 1875, the obverse was changed to a new design by Albert Walch featuring a Standing Helvetia. The coins were issued to the specifications of the Latin Monetary Union, so the metal was somewhat debased to 0.835 silver (83.5% silver, 16.5% copper).

This second version of the One Franc was issued until 1967 and was demonetised on 1st April 1971 when the country changed to the current cupronickel One Franc coins (Swissmint mentions in its online FAQ that the deadline was extended to 31 March 1972).

Obverse
Switzerland / One Franc, Silver - obverse photo

The obverse, which has remained unchanged from 1875 to the present, features Helvetia standing on a platform, her head facing to the left. In her right hand (at the left), she holds a lance, and with her left (at the right), she props up a shield with the Swiss Cross at centre. In exergue is the legend HELVETIA.

There are 22 five-pointed stars along the rim of the coin, going from the lower left to lower right boundaries of the obverse. These represent the 19 full Swiss cantons of the time and the six half-cantons, which are collectively represented by the three remaining stars. The tip of Helvetia's lance extends to the rim and separates the ninth and tenth stars in the sequence. Nine of the stars are engraved up to the lance, two between the lance and Helvetia's face, and 11 to the right of the central allegorical figure.

The engraver's signature, A.BOVY INCT. (an abbreviation for the Latin text "Antoine Bovy incidit", meaning "engraved by Antoine Bovy), is located around below, displayed counter-clockwise in small letters. It is split in two by the legend: "A.BOVY" appears to the left of "HELVETIA", and "INCT." to the right.

Obverse Inscription HELVETIA
Reverse
Switzerland / One Franc, Silver - reverse photo

The reverse, which has remained unchanged since 1850, shows the value - a numeral 1, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr., above the date: [year] within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers.

Below the ribbon of the wreath is the mint mark B of Swissmint (formerly known as the Bern Mint, then the Federal Mint of Switzerland).

Reverse Inscription 1 Fr. [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

All coins of this type were minted by Swissmint (formerly known as the Bern Mint, then the Federal Mint of Switzerland), with the exception of 1894 when they were struck by the Paris Mint.

Coin Type: One Franc, Silver - (55) Coins
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
One Franc 1875 1,036,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1876 2,500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1877 2,520,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1880 945,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1886 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1887 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1894 1,200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1896 28 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1898 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1899 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1900 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1901 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1903 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1904 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1905 700,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1906 700,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1907 800,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1908 1,200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1909 900,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1910 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1911 1,200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1912 1,200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1913 1,200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1914 4,200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1916 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1920 3,300,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1921 3,800,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1928 1,500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1931 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1932 500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1934 500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1936 500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1937 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1939 2,106,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1940 2,003,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1943 3,526,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1944 6,225,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1945 7,794,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1946 2,539,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1947 624,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1952 2,853,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1953 786,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1955 194,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1956 2,500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1957 6,421,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1958 3,580,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1959 1,859,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1960 3,523,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1961 6,549,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1962 6,220,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1963 13,476,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1964 12,560,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1965 5,032,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1966 3,032,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1967 2,088,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
One Franc, Silver: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-type ofOne Franc
From1875
To1967
Face Value1 (x Franc)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material0.835 Silver
DesignerFr. Fisch, A. Walch, A. Bovy
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size23.200 mm
Thickness1.550 mm
Mass5.000 g
One Franc, Silver: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1952
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1952
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source