One Franc, CuproNickel, Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

One Franc, CuproNickel, Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1968 - )
Coin TypeOne Franc, CuproNickel

The One Franc coin is a circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, it has three different names: Franken in German, franc in French and Romansh, and franco in Italian.

The first version of the one franc coin featuring a seated figure of Helvetia was designed by Friedrich Fisch and engraved by Antoine Bovy. The reverse shows the value, a numeral 1, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr. within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins. This version was heavier than current coins (5 grams) and made of 0.900 silver. It was demonetised in two stages - 1st January 1869 for coins issued 1850-1857, then 1st January 1878 for coins issued in 1860 and 1861.

In 1875, the obverse was changed to a new design by Albert Walch featuring a Standing Helvetia. The coins were issued to the specifications of the Latin Monetary Union, so the metal was somewhat debased to 0.835 silver (83.5% silver, 16.5% copper). This second silver version of the One Franc was issued until 1967 and was demonetised on 1st April 1971.

Current One Franc coins are made of cupro-nickel (75% copper, 25% nickel); this version was first issued in 1968 and is still currently produced.

Obverse
Switzerland / One Franc, CuproNickel - obverse photo

The obverse, which has remained unchanged from 1875 to the present, features Helvetia standing on a platform, her head facing to the left. In her right hand (at the left), she holds a lance, and with her left (at the right), she props up a shield with the Swiss Cross at centre. In exergue is the legend HELVETIA.

On all coins made from 1875 to 1982, there are 22 five-pointed stars along the rim of the coin, going from the lower left to lower right boundaries of the obverse. These represent the 19 full Swiss cantons of the time and the six half-cantons, which are collectively represented by the three remaining stars. However, when the Canton of Jura broke away from Bern in 1979, the number of stars was no longer accurate. As a result, a new star was added to the right of Helvetia's likeness in 1983. On examples of all dates, the tip of Helvetia's lance extends to the rim and separates the ninth and tenth stars in the sequence. Nine of the stars are engraved up to the lance, two between the lance and Helvetia's face, and 11 or 12 to the right of the central allegorical figure, depending on the year of issue.

The engraver's signature, A.BOVY INCT. (an abbreviation for the Latin text "Antoine Bovy incidit", meaning "engraved by Antoine Bovy), is located around below, displayed counter-clockwise in small letters. It is split in two by the legend: "A.BOVY" appears to the left of "HELVETIA", and "INCT." to the right.

Obverse Inscription HELVETIA
Reverse
Switzerland / One Franc, CuproNickel - reverse photo

The reverse, which has remained unchanged since 1850, shows the value - a numeral 1, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr., above the date: [year] within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers.

Below the ribbon of the wreath is the mint mark B of Swissmint (formerly known as the Bern Mint, then the Federal Mint of Switzerland), with the exception of the years between 1970 and 1985 (incl.) when there was no mint mark, and 15 mln coins dated 1968 which were struck by the Royal Mint.

Reverse Inscription 1 Fr. [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

One Franc coins were issued with coin alignment (opposite axis) until 1981, then with medal alignment (the two sides with the same axis).

Coin Type: One Franc, CuproNickel - (54) Coins
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
One Franc 1968 60,864,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1969 37,598,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1970 24,240,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1971 11,496,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1973 5,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1974 15,012,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1975 13,012,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1976 5,009,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1977 6,019,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1978 13,548,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1979 10,810,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1980 11,012,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1981 18,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1982 15,049,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1983 7,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1984 3,042,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1985 20,054,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1986 17,997,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1987 17,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1988 18,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1989 15,031,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1990 2,032,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1991 9,036,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1992 12,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1993 12,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1994 10,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1995 13,024,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1996 3,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1997 3,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1998 3,021,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 1999 3,021,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2000 4,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2001 3,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2002 1,030,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2003 2,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2004 2,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2005 1,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2006 2,030,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2007 3,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2008 7,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2009 11,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2010 15,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2011 15,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2012 12,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2013 12,023,500 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2014 13,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2015 10,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2016 10,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2017 10,029,500 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2018 7,027,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2019 9,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2020 8,020,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2021 5,021,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
One Franc 2022 1,013,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
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One Franc, CuproNickel: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-type ofOne Franc
From1968
Face Value1 (x Franc)
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerFr. Fisch, A. Walch, A. Bovy
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size23.200 mm
Thickness1.550 mm
Mass4.400 g
One Franc, CuproNickel: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1979
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1979
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source