Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel, Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel, Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1881 - 1938)
Coin TypeTwenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel

The Twenty Centimes coin is a small circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, the sub-unit of the Franc has four different names; it is centime (c.) in French, Rappen (Rp.) in German, centesimo (ct.) in Italian and rap (rp.) in Romansh. Some English-language catalogues call the coin a 20 Rappen coin, but the English-language publications of the Swiss National Bank and Swissmint prefer the term 20 centimes.

The first version of the 20 centimes / rappen coin was designed by Carl Friedrich Voigt of the Munich Mint (then Royal Bavarian Mint). On the obverse it featured the Swiss Coat of Arms (a rendering quite different from that on the One Centime and Two Centimes denominations released at the same time but designed by Alexander Hutter), on two flower (Alpine rose) branches. The reverse shows the value (only a numeral, no text) within a flower wreath. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins. This version was lighter (3.25 grams) and made of billon (an alloy with a very low quantity of silver), the composition of which varied through the years.

The first version was issued only until 1859 and was demonetised on 30th June 1886.

In 1881, the obverse was changed to a design by Karl Schwenzer featuring the effigy of Libertas. The metal was changed to pure nickel and the coin became heavier (4 grams). The nickel version was issued until 1938 and circulated until it was finally demonetised on 1st January 2004. Current 20 centime coins are made of cupro-nickel; this version was first issued in 1939 and is still currently produced.

Obverse
Switzerland / Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel - obverse photo

The obverse features an effigy of Libertas, the Roman goddess and embodiment of Liberty. It depicts a female head looking right, with a ribbon in her hair, wearing a diadem with the text LIBERTAS on it. Around, the legend · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · (translated from Latin: Swiss Federation), separated from the date [year] below by quatrefoils (flower shape with four leaves) for dots.

Obverse Inscription· CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · [year]
Reverse
Switzerland / Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel - reverse photo

The reverse shows the value 20 (only a numeral, no text) within a wreath of flowers (Alpine roses). This original reverse has remained unchanged since 1850 to present.

The mint mark B of Swissmint (earlier known as the Bern Mint or the Federal Mint of Switzerland) is under the ribbon tying the wreath.

Reverse Inscription20
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
All Coins of Type: Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel (38)
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1881 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1881
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1883 2,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1883
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1884 4,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1884
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1885 3,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1885
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1887 500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1887
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1891 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1891
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1893 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1893
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1894 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1894
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1896 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1896
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1897 500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1897
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1898 500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1898
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1899 500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1899
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1900 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1900
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1901 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1901
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1902 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1902
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1903 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1903
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1906 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1906
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1907 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1907
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1908 1,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1908
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1909 2,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1909
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1911 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1911
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1912 2,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1912
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1913 1,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1913
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1919 1,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1919
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1920 3,100,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1920
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1921 2,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1921
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1924 1,100,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1924
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1925 1,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1925
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1926 1,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1926
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1927 500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1927
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1929 2,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1929
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1930 2,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1930
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1931 2,250,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1931
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1932 2,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1932
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1933 1,500,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1933
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1934 2,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1934
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1936 1,000,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1936
Twenty Centimes (Rappen) 1938 2,805,000 Libertas by Karl Schwenzer · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1938
Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-type ofTwenty Centimes (Rappen)
From1881
To1938
Face Value20 (x Centime)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2004)
MaterialNickel
DesignerCarl Friedrich Voigt, Karl Schwenzer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)21.0500
Thickness (mm)1.6500
Mass (g)4
Twenty Centimes (Rappen), Nickel: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, 20 Rappen 1929
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Switzerland, 20 Rappen 1929
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source