Shilling, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Shilling, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1816 - 1970)
Coin TypeShilling

The shilling (1/-) was a coin worth one twentieth of a pre-decimal Pound Sterling, or twelve pence. It was first minted in the reign of King Henry VII as the testoon, and became known as the shilling sometime in the mid-sixteenth century, circulating until 1990. The word bob was sometimes used for a monetary value of several shillings, e.g. "ten bob note". Following decimalisation in 1970 the coin had a value of five new pence. It was made from silver from its introduction in or around 1503 until 1947, and thereafter in CuproNickel.

Prior to Decimal Day in 1971 there were 240 pence in one pound sterling. Twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. forty-two pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d.

Although the coin was not minted until the sixteenth century, the value of a shilling had been used for accounting purposes since the Anglo-Saxon period. Originally, a shilling was deemed to be the value of a cow in Kent, or a sheep elsewhere. The value of one shilling equalling 12d was set by the Normans following the conquest of England in 1066; prior to this various Anglo-Saxon coins equalling 3, 4, and 12 pence had all being known as shillings.

When the currency became decimal in 1971, shillings were re-denominated as five new pence; they remained legal tender until 1990, when a smaller type of five pence replaced them.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Shilling - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

During the existence of the denomination, shilling coins were issued for:
- King George III (1816 - 1820)
- King George IV (1820 - 1829)
- King William IV (1831 - 1837)
- Queen Victoria (1838 - 1901)
- King Edward VII (1902 - 1910)
- King George V (1911 - 1936)
- King George VI (1937 - 1952)
- Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1970)

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Shilling - reverse photo

The reverse went through several transformations during the existence of the denomination.

The first design (1816 - 1820) shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, with the motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · inscribed on it, partly obscured by the crown. The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The second design (1820 - 1821) shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom, are surrounded by a rose, thistle and shamrock - the floral emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. Around below, separated by the rose, the date of issue ANNO [year] (in Latin, "anno" means "year"). The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The third design (1823 - 1825) shows the crowned and shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, with the motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · inscribed on it. Around below, the date of issue ANNO [year]. The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The fourth design (1825 - 1829) shows at its centre the Royal crest, depicting the Lion of England standing on St Edward's Crown. Below the crown, a rose, thistle and shamrock - the floral emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The fifth design (1831 - 1887) shows, within an open wreath of olive (left) and oak (right) branches, the value and denomination in words, on two lines: ONE SHILLING. Above the value, St Edward's Crown. Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the date of issue: [year].

The sixth design (1887 - 1892) again shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, with the motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · inscribed on it. Below, the date [year]. The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The seventh design (1893 - 1901) features, partly within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, three shields with the arms of England (top left) featuring three lions walking to left, Scotland (top right) featuring a rampant lion, and Ireland (below) featuring a harp, each crowned with St Edward's crown. Between the shields, a rose (above), thistle (below left) and shamrock (below right), the floral emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. The Garter surrounding the shields is inscribed with the Royal motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE ·. In the outer rim, around above the value and denomination ONE SHILLING; below, divided by the pendant of the Garter, the date of issue [year].

The eighth design (1902 - 1927) shows St Edward's Crown surmounted by the crowned Lion of England. The lion is walking to left, its head turned to face the viewer. The date of issue [year] is within the central circle, divided by the crown. Around above is the continuation of the monarch's legend: FID: DEF: IND: IMP:. Around below, the denomination ONE SHILLING.

The tenth design (1927 - 1952) is a new rendition of the same theme and again shows St Edward's Crown surmounted by the crowned Lion of England. Above the lion's tail in small letters, the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray). Around above is the continuation of the monarch's legend: FID · DEF IND · IMP. Around below, the denomination and the date of issue: · ONE SHILLING · [year] ·. From 1937 to 1948, two Tudor roses were also added to the design, branding it the (first) "English" version of the shilling, with a Scottish one issued in parallel every year. Due to the Independence of India, the "Emperor" part of the legend was dropped after 1948; the designer's initials and the roses were also removed with this change.

The first Scottish design (1937 - 1951) has a theme similar to that of the English version. It shows the Crown of Scotland surmounted by a crowned Scottish Lion facing the viewer, holding both the Sceptre and the Sword of State. To the left and right of the crown, the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray). On the left, the Shield of Scotland bearing the cross of St. Andrew; on the right, a thistle, the floral emblem of Scotland, its leaves raised to form the outline of a shield. Above these, divided by the lion, the date of issue: [year]. Around above is the continuation of the monarch's legend: FID : DEF · IND : IMP (abbreviated from FIDEI DEFENSOR INDIAE IMPERATOR - Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India). Around below, the denomination ONE · SHILLING. Due to the Independence of India, the "Emperor" part of the legend was dropped after 1948; the designer's initials were also removed at this time.

The second English design (1953 - 1970) features a flat-topped shield bearing the arms of England: three lions "passant guardant" (walking to left, facing the viewer), crowned with the Crown of St Edward. Divided by the shield, the date of issue: [year]. In small letters at the lower edges of the shield are the artist's initials, WG (for William Gardner. Around above, the continuation of the monarch's legend: + FID DEF + (abbreviated from FIDEI DEFENSOR - Defender of the Faith). Around below, the value and denomination: ONE SHILLING.

Similarly, the second Scottish design (1953 - 1970) features a flat-topped shield bearing the arms of Scotland: a rampant lion within a double border decorated with fleurs-de-lis (known as the royal tressure). The shield is crowned with the Crown of Scotland. Divided by the shield, the date of issue: [year]. In small letters at the lower edges of the shield are the artist's initials, WG (for William Gardner. Around above, the continuation of the monarch's legend: + FID DEF + (abbreviated from FIDEI DEFENSOR - Defender of the Faith). Around below, the value and denomination: ONE SHILLING.

Reverse Inscription ONE SHILLING
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Various British colonies, dominions and dependencies also issued their own versions of the shilling denomination, usually to be used in parallel with their Imperial counterpart and with compatible dimensions and composition but sometimes made deliberately different. For these, see:

- British West Africa, Shilling - issued 1913 to 1952, demonetised 1968
- Australia, Shilling - issued 1910 to 1963, withdrawn 1966 (not demonetised); replaced by compatible Ten Cents - still being issued and current
- New Zealand, Shilling - issued 1933 to 1965, demonetised 2006; replaced by compatible Ten Cents issued 1967 to 2006, demonetised 2006
- Fiji, Shilling - issued 1934 to 1965, demonetised 1969; replaced by compatible Ten Cents issued 1969 to 2006, demonetised 2009
- New Guinea, Shilling - with central hole, issued 1935 to 1943, demonetised 1966
- Nigeria, Shilling - issued 1959 to 1962, demonetised 1973

Coin Type: Shilling - (181) Coins (Page 2 of 2)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Shilling 1918 34,915,934 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1919 10,823,824 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1920 22,825,142 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1921 22,648,763 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1922 27,215,738 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1923 14,575,243 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1924 9,250,095 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1925 5,418,764 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1926 22,516,453 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1927 Old Type 9,262,244 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1927 New Type 9,262,244 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1928 18,136,778 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1929 19,343,006 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1930 3,137,092 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1931 6,993,926 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1932 12,168,101 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1933 11,511,624 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1934 6,138,463 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1935 9,183,462 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1936 11,910,613 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1937 English 8,385,524 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1937 Scottish 6,775,277 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1938 English 4,833,436 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1938 Scottish 4,797,852 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1939 English 11,052,677 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1939 Scottish 10,263,892 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1940 English 11,099,126 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1940 Scottish 9,913,089 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1941 English 11,391,883 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1941 Scottish 8,086,030 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1942 English 17,453,643 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1942 Scottish 13,676,759 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1943 English 11,404,213 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1943 Scottish 9,824,214 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1944 English 11,586,751 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1944 Scottish 10,990,167 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1945 English 15,143,404 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1945 Scottish 15,106,270 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1946 English 18,663,797 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1946 Scottish 16,381,501 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1947 English 12,120,611 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1947 Scottish 12,283,223 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1948 English 45,576,923 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1948 Scottish 45,351,937 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1949 English 19,328,405 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1949 Scottish 21,243,074 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1950 English 19,261,385 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1950 Scottish 14,317,114 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1951 English 9,976,930 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1951 Scottish 10,981,174 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1952 English (Proof only) unknown King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1953 English 41,982,894 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT: OMN: REGINA
Shilling 1953 Scottish 20,703,528 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT: OMN: REGINA
Shilling 1954 English 30,162,032 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1954 Scottish 26,771,735 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1955 English 45,259,908 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1955 Scottish 27,950,906 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1956 English 44,970,009 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1956 Scottish 42,853,639 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1957 English 42,774,217 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1957 Scottish 17,959,988 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1958 English 14,392,305 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1958 Scottish 40,822,557 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1959 English 19,442,778 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1959 Scottish 1,012,988 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1960 English 27,027,914 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1960 Scottish 14,375,932 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1961 English 39,816,907 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1961 Scottish 2,762,558 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1962 English 36,704,374 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1962 Scottish 18,967,310 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1963 English 44,714,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1963 Scottish 32,300,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1964 English 13,617,440 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1964 Scottish 5,246,560 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1965 English 11,236,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1965 Scottish 31,364,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1966 English 15,002,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1966 Scottish 15,604,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1970 English (Proof only) 750,476 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1970 Scottish (Proof only) 750,476 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Showing 101 to 181 of 181 Coins.
Advertising
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Shilling: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Shilling, George III, Great Britain, 1816
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III reverse (1816 - 1820).
Source
Coin - Shilling, George IV, Great Britain, 1821
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV, First Issue (1820 - 1821).
Source
Coin - Shilling, George IV, Great Britain, 1824
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV, Second Issue (1823 - 1825).
Source
Coin - Shilling, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV, Third Issue (1825 - 1829).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Wreath reverse (1831 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1887 shilling KM-761
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Shield reverse (1887 - 1892).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1893
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Three shields reverse (1893 - 1901).
Source
Coin - Shilling, Edward VII, England, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Lion on Crown, first design (1902 - 1927).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, George VI, Great Britain, 1947
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: First English reverse, Emperor of India (1937 - 1948).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, George VI, Great Britain, 1947
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: First Scottish reverse, Emperor of India (1937 - 1948).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, George VI, Great Britain, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: First English reverse (1949 - 1952).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, George VI, Great Britain, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: First Scottish reverse (1949 - 1951).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Second English reverse (1953 - 1970).
Source
Coin - Shilling, George III, Great Britain, 1816
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1816 - 1820).
Source
Coin - Shilling, George IV, Great Britain, 1821
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV, Laureate head (1820 - 1825).
Source
Coin - Shilling, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV, Bare Head (1825 - 1829).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Great Britain 1844 shilling
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria (1838 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1887 shilling KM-761
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, "Small Jubilee head" (1887 - 1889).
Source
Coin - Shilling, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1890
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, "Large Jubilee head" (1889 - 1892).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1893
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, "Veiled head" (1893 - 1901).
Source
Coin - Shilling, Edward VII, England, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
Source
Coin - Shilling, George V, Great Britain, 1926
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, George VI, Great Britain, 1947
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1937 - 1952).
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Elizabeth II, Queen of all the Britains (1953).
Source
Great Britain 1960 shilling KM-904
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1954 - 1970).
Source