One Cent, Lincoln, Coin Type from United States - detailed information

One Cent, Lincoln, Coin Type from United States (issued 1909 - )
Coin TypeOne Cent, Lincoln

The United States one-cent coin (often called a penny, from the British coin of the same name) is a unit of currency equalling one-hundredth of a United States dollar. The cent's symbol is ¢. It has been the lowest-value physical unit of U.S. currency since the abolition of the half-cent in 1857.

The earliest one cent coins were large and made of copper. Their designs changed relatively often; there were three different types in 1793 alone, the Flowing Hair / Chain Cent, the Flowing Hair / Wreath Cent and the Liberty Cap Cent - the latter issued until 1796, after which came the Draped Bust type (1796 to 1807), the so-called Classic Head Cent (1808 to 1814) and the Coronet Cent, also known as Liberty Head (1816 to 1857).

When a large copper coin became impractical, an alternative was sought. The Flying Eagle cent was a transitional smaller type, struck between 1856 and 1858 in copper-nickel. This design was short-lived and was replaced by the the Indian Head type in 1859 - initially also in copper-nickel until 1864, then bronze.

In 1909, the Lincoln Cent (also known as a Lincoln Penny) was introduced to mark the centenary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States. This was the first time when an actual person (and not an abstract symbol such as Liberty) was depicted on American coins. The obverse of the coin shows a portrait of Abraham Lincoln by Victor David Brenner. The original reverse, also by Brenner, showed the value surrounded by wheat stalks and is known as the "Wheat Penny"; this was issued for 50 years until it was replaced by the depiction of the Lincoln Memorial in 1959, to mark the 150th anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln. In 2009, four different reverses were issued to mark the various stages of his life (known as Lincoln Bicentennial cents, commemorating 200 years since his birth). After that, the reverse changed again and now depicts the Union Shield of the United States.

The designer's initials VDB appeared on the reverse for a short while in 1909 but were deemed too prominent and were almost immediately removed; in 1918, they were restored to the obverse of the coin where they still are - on the truncation of Lincoln's shoulder.

The material of the coin also changed. Originally struck in 95% copper, the cent coin was changed for one year to zinc-coated steel in 1943 as copper was needed to aid in the war effort. The mint then reverted to 95% copper until 1982, when inflation made copper too expensive and the composition was changed to zinc with an outer copper layer.

Obverse
United States / One Cent, Lincoln - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin, surrounded by a plain rim, shows the bust of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, facing right. In tiny incuse letters on the shoulder truncation, the designer's initials VDB (for Victor David Brenner).

Around above, the inscription IN GOD WE TRUST.

To the left of the bust, LIBERTY. To the right of the bust and slightly lower, the date of issue: [year].

Below the date, the mint mark (if any; coins struck by the Philadelphia Mint have no mint mark).

Obverse Inscription IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY [year]
Reverse
United States / One Cent, Lincoln - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin is surrounded by a plain rim. There have been three major reverse design during the existence of the Lincoln Cent (and four one-year types issued in 2009 only):

The first design (1909 - 1958) by Victor David Brenner, known as the Wheat Cent or the Wheat Penny, displays the value and denomination ONE CENT on two lines at the centre, below which on two lines the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. On the left and on the right, two ears of wheat. Above, the motto E · PLURIBUS · UNUM.

The second design (1959 - 2008) by Frank Gasparro, known as the Lincoln Memorial Cent, features the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above; below it, on two lines E · PLURIBUS · UNUM ·. The value and denomination ONE CENT are around below. The designer's initials FG are to the right of the steps leading to the Memorial.

The third design (2010 - present) by Lyndall Bass, known as the Shield Cent, features the Union Shield of the United States. It has 13 vertical stripes representing the 13 original states forming the United States; the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM is incuse in its upper part. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above and the value and denomination ONE CENT are in relief on a ribbon running across the shield. The artist's initials LB are in the field to the left of the shield and below the ribbon, while the engraver's initials JFM (for Joseph Menna) are on the right.

Reverse Inscription ONE CENT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA E PLURIBUS UNUM
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: One Cent, Lincoln - (116) Coins (Page 1 of 2)
Coin NameMintagePortraitLegend
One Cent 1909 Wheat Penny 103,010,430 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1909
One Cent 1910 Wheat Penny 152,850,336 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1910
One Cent 1911 Wheat Penny 117,877,512 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1911
One Cent 1912 Wheat Penny 82,997,232 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1912
One Cent 1913 Wheat Penny 98,440,335 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1913
One Cent 1914 Wheat Penny 80,569,797 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1914
One Cent 1915 Wheat Penny 55,976,170 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1915
One Cent 1916 Wheat Penny 190,300,277 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1916
One Cent 1917 Wheat Penny 284,169,785 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1917
One Cent 1918 Wheat Penny 370,614,634 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1918
One Cent 1919 Wheat Penny 588,935,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1919
One Cent 1920 Wheat Penny 405,665,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1920
One Cent 1921 Wheat Penny 54,431,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1921
One Cent 1922 Wheat Penny 7,160,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1922
One Cent 1923 Wheat Penny 83,423,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1923
One Cent 1924 Wheat Penny 89,394,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1924
One Cent 1925 Wheat Penny 188,909,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1925
One Cent 1926 Wheat Penny 189,658,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1926
One Cent 1927 Wheat Penny 185,886,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1927
One Cent 1928 Wheat Penny 182,552,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1928
One Cent 1929 Wheat Penny 277,140,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1929
One Cent 1930 Wheat Penny 221,801,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1930
One Cent 1931 Wheat Penny 24,742,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1931
One Cent 1932 Wheat Penny 19,562,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1932
One Cent 1933 Wheat Penny 20,560,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1933
One Cent 1934 Wheat Penny 247,526,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1934
One Cent 1935 Wheat Penny 331,090,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1935
One Cent 1936 Wheat Penny 379,387,569 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1936
One Cent 1937 Wheat Penny 394,109,320 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1937
One Cent 1938 Wheat Penny 191,886,734 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1938
One Cent 1939 Wheat Penny 383,709,520 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1939
One Cent 1940 Wheat Penny 781,155,872 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1940
One Cent 1941 Wheat Penny 1,108,099,100 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1941
One Cent 1942 Wheat Penny 950,116,600 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1942
One Cent 1943 Wheat Penny (Steel) 1,093,838,670 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1943
One Cent 1944 Wheat Penny 2,148,738,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1944
One Cent 1945 Wheat Penny 1,488,553,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1945
One Cent 1946 Wheat Penny 1,505,445,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1946
One Cent 1947 Wheat Penny 484,305,000 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1947
One Cent 1948 Wheat Penny 571,942,500 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1948
One Cent 1949 Wheat Penny 435,197,500 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1949
One Cent 1950 Wheat Penny 726,141,386 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1950
One Cent 1951 Wheat Penny 1,045,998,500 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1951
One Cent 1952 Wheat Penny 1,070,786,984 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1952
One Cent 1953 Wheat Penny 1,139,233,800 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1953
One Cent 1954 Wheat Penny 419,615,850 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1954
One Cent 1955 Wheat Penny 939,203,900 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1955
One Cent 1956 Wheat Penny 1,519,615,484 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1956
One Cent 1957 Wheat Penny 1,335,129,952 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1957
One Cent 1958 Wheat Penny 1,054,353,952 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1958
One Cent 1959 Lincoln Memorial 1,890,624,291 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1959
One Cent 1960 Lincoln Memorial 2,168,980,602 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1960
One Cent 1961 Lincoln Memorial 2,509,639,944 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1961
One Cent 1962 Lincoln Memorial 2,402,411,159 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1962
One Cent 1963 Lincoln Memorial 2,531,206,045 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1963
One Cent 1964 Lincoln Memorial 6,451,597,262 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1964
One Cent 1965 Lincoln Memorial 1,499,584,900 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1965
One Cent 1966 Lincoln Memorial 2,190,409,366 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1966
One Cent 1967 Lincoln Memorial 3,050,530,444 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1967
One Cent 1968 Lincoln Memorial 4,855,462,077 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1968
One Cent 1969 Lincoln Memorial 5,687,051,831 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1969
One Cent 1970 Lincoln Memorial 5,482,946,714 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1970
One Cent 1971 Lincoln Memorial 5,358,889,792 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1971
One Cent 1972 Lincoln Memorial 5,978,526,504 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1972
One Cent 1973 Lincoln Memorial 7,597,759,222 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1973
One Cent 1974 Lincoln Memorial 8,879,277,751 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1974
One Cent 1975 Lincoln Memorial 9,959,596,892 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1975
One Cent 1976 Lincoln Memorial 8,900,034,611 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1976
One Cent 1977 Lincoln Memorial 8,667,243,452 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1977
One Cent 1978 Lincoln Memorial 9,841,966,181 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1978
One Cent 1979 Lincoln Memorial 10,161,549,429 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1979
One Cent 1980 Lincoln Memorial 12,558,358,466 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1980
One Cent 1981 Lincoln Memorial 12,869,048,760 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1981
One Cent 1982 Lincoln Memorial 16,729,361,847 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1982
One Cent 1983 Lincoln Memorial 14,222,833,554 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1983
One Cent 1984 Lincoln Memorial 13,723,383,016 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1984
One Cent 1985 Lincoln Memorial 10,939,192,634 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1985
One Cent 1986 Lincoln Memorial 8,937,272,688 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1986
One Cent 1987 Lincoln Memorial 9,566,084,173 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1987
One Cent 1988 Lincoln Memorial 11,349,813,391 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1988
One Cent 1989 Lincoln Memorial 12,610,222,305 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1989
One Cent 1990 Lincoln Memorial 11,777,959,092 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1990
One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial 9,327,253,863 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1991
One Cent 1992 Lincoln Memorial 9,101,754,860 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1992
One Cent 1993 Lincoln Memorial 12,114,750,363 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1993
One Cent 1994 Lincoln Memorial 13,635,884,923 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1994
One Cent 1995 Lincoln Memorial 13,542,797,481 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1995
One Cent 1996 Lincoln Memorial 13,125,785,265 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1996
One Cent 1997 Lincoln Memorial 9,202,151,678 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1997
One Cent 1998 Lincoln Memorial 10,259,595,007 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1998
One Cent 1999 Lincoln Memorial 11,601,012,966 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1999
One Cent 2000 Lincoln Memorial 14,281,467,993 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2000
One Cent 2001 Lincoln Memorial 10,337,774,606 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2001
One Cent 2002 Lincoln Memorial 7,292,066,995 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2002
One Cent 2003 Lincoln Memorial 6,851,298,439 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2003
One Cent 2004 Lincoln Memorial 6,838,965,522 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2004
One Cent 2005 Lincoln Memorial 7,705,715,179 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2005
One Cent 2006 Lincoln Memorial 8,238,749,158 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2006
One Cent 2007 Lincoln Memorial 7,140,855,049 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2007
One Cent 2008 Lincoln Memorial 5,422,860,489 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2008
Showing 1 to 100 of 116 Coins.
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
One Cent, Lincoln: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Sub-type ofOne Cent
From1909
Face Value1 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
MaterialBronze
DesignerVictor David Brenner, Frank Gasparro, Lyndall Bass
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size19.000 mm
Mass3.110 g