One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial, Coin from United States - detailed information

One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial, Coin from United States
CoinOne Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial

The United States one-cent coin (often called a penny, from the British coin of the same name) is a unit of currency equalling one-hundredth of a United States dollar. The cent's symbol is ¢. It has been the lowest-value physical unit of U.S. currency since the abolition of the half-cent in 1857.

The earliest one cent coins were large and made of copper. Their designs changed relatively often; there were three different types in 1793 alone, the Flowing Hair / Chain Cent, the Flowing Hair / Wreath Cent and the Liberty Cap Cent - the latter issued until 1796, after which came the Draped Bust type (1796 to 1807), the so-called Classic Head Cent (1808 to 1814) and the Coronet Cent, also known as Liberty Head (1816 to 1857).

When a large copper coin became impractical, an alternative was sought. The Flying Eagle cent was a transitional smaller type, struck between 1856 and 1858 in copper-nickel. This design was short-lived and was replaced by the the Indian Head type in 1859 - initially also in copper-nickel until 1864, then bronze.

In 1909, the Lincoln Cent was introduced to mark the centenary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States. This was the first time when an actual person (and not an abstract symbol such as Liberty) was depicted on American coins. The obverse of the coin shows a portrait of Abraham Lincoln by Victor David Brenner.

The original reverse showed the value surrounded by wheat stalks. It was superseded in 1959, when the Lincoln Memorial design was introduced to mark 150 years since Lincoln's birth. This second design was issued to 2008, in bronze until 1982 then in copper-plated zinc. 2009 was marked by the introduction of a new design for the denomination.

One Cent coins issued in 1991 have now been in circulation for 30 years.

MintMint markTotal Mintage
Philadelphia Mint No mint mark 5,165,940,000 (5.2 billion)
Denver Mint Letter D 4,158,446,076 (4.2 billion)
San Francisco Mint Letter S 2,867,787 (2.9 million)
Obverse
United States / One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin, surrounded by a plain rim, shows the bust of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, facing right. In tiny incuse letters on the shoulder truncation, the designer's initials VDB (for Victor David Brenner).

Around above, the inscription IN GOD WE TRUST.

To the left of the bust, LIBERTY. To the right of the bust and slightly lower, the date of issue: 1991.

Below the date, the mint mark (if any; coins struck by the Philadelphia Mint have no mint mark).

Mint marks this year can be:
- D for the Denver Mint, or
- S for the San Francisco Mint.

Obverse Inscription IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1991
Reverse
United States / One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin is surrounded by a plain rim. At centre, the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.; a tiny figure at the centre of it represents the statue of Abraham Lincoln. In small letters to the right of the steps, the designer's initials FG (for Frank Gasparro).

Around above, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The value and denomination ONE CENT are around below.

Above the monument on two lines, the motto E · PLURIBUS · UNUM; translated from Latin: Out of many, one.

Reverse Inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ONE CENT E · PLURIBUS · UNUM
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

The San Francisco Mint struck 2,867,787 proofs only and no circulation coins.
The Philadelphia Mint and the Denver Mint struck only circulation coins this year.

One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial: Known varieties
Variety Proof (San Francisco)
Mintage Issued: 2,867,787 (included in total)
Showing 38 from a total of 238 coins of type: One Cent
Coin NameMintageSymbol / PortraitLegend
One Cent 1987 Lincoln Memorial 9,566,084,173 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1987
One Cent 1988 Lincoln Memorial 11,349,813,391 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1988
One Cent 1989 Lincoln Memorial 12,610,222,305 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1989
One Cent 1990 Lincoln Memorial 11,777,959,092 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1990
One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial 9,327,253,863 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1991
One Cent 1992 Lincoln Memorial 9,101,754,860 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1992
One Cent 1993 Lincoln Memorial 12,114,750,363 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1993
One Cent 1994 Lincoln Memorial 13,635,884,923 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1994
One Cent 1995 Lincoln Memorial 13,542,797,481 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1995
One Cent 1996 Lincoln Memorial 13,125,785,265 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1996
One Cent 1997 Lincoln Memorial 9,202,151,678 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1997
One Cent 1998 Lincoln Memorial 10,259,595,007 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1998
One Cent 1999 Lincoln Memorial 11,601,012,966 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1999
One Cent 2000 Lincoln Memorial 14,281,467,993 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2000
One Cent 2001 Lincoln Memorial 10,337,774,606 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2001
One Cent 2002 Lincoln Memorial 7,292,066,995 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2002
One Cent 2003 Lincoln Memorial 6,851,298,439 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2003
One Cent 2004 Lincoln Memorial 6,838,965,522 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2004
One Cent 2005 Lincoln Memorial 7,705,715,179 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2005
One Cent 2006 Lincoln Memorial 8,238,749,158 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2006
One Cent 2007 Lincoln Memorial 7,140,855,049 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2007
One Cent 2008 Lincoln Memorial 5,422,860,489 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2008
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Birth and Childhood 639,364,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Formative Years 744,164,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Professional Life 656,564,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Presidency 332,164,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2010 Union Shield 4,013,687,010 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2010
One Cent 2011 Union Shield 4,940,213,010 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2011
One Cent 2012 Union Shield 6,016,439,148 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2012
One Cent 2013 Union Shield 7,071,274,505 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2013
One Cent 2014 Union Shield 8,147,590,369 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2014
One Cent 2015 Union Shield 9,366,399,412 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2015
One Cent 2016 Union Shield 9,119,377,355 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2016
One Cent 2017 Union Shield 8,635,224,477 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2017
One Cent 2018 Union Shield 7,804,298,163 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2018
One Cent 2019 Union Shield 7,042,653,642 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2019
One Cent 2020 Union Shield unknown Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2020
One Cent 2021 Union Shield unknown Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2021
Showing 201 to 238 of 238 Coins.
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One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Coin TypeOne Cent, Lincoln
Issued1991
PortraitAbraham Lincoln
Face Value1 (x Cent)
Circulation Mintage9,324,386,076 (9.3 billion)
Total Mintage9,327,253,863 (9.3 billion)
CurrentYes
MaterialCopper plated zinc
DesignerFrank Gasparro, Victor David Brenner
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size19.050 mm
Thickness1.520 mm
Mass2.500 g
OCC IDRMKG-EZAC-BPKR-ONXQ
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One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, United States, Lincoln Cent 1991
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, United States, Lincoln Cent 1991
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: D mint mark.
Source
One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsUnited States KM# 201b
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogSchön# 202a