One Cent, Coin Type from United States - detailed information

One Cent, Coin Type from United States (issued 1793 - )
Coin TypeOne Cent

The United States one-cent coin (often called a penny) is a unit of currency equalling one-hundredth of a United States dollar. The cent's symbol is ¢. It has been the lowest-value physical unit of U.S. currency since the abolition of the half-cent in 1857. The coin's obverse has featured the profile of President Abraham Lincoln since 1909, the centennial of his birth. From 1959 (the sesquicentennial, or 150 years anniversary, of Lincoln's birth) to 2008, the reverse featured the Lincoln Memorial. Four different reverse designs in 2009 honoured Lincoln's 200th birthday and a new, "permanent" reverse - the Union Shield - was introduced in 2010. The coin is 0.75 inches (19.05 mm) in diameter and 0.0598 inches (1.52 mm) in thickness. Its weight has varied, depending upon the composition of metals used in its production. Initially it was large and made of copper, then smaller and copper-nickel for a short period, then even smaller and made of bronze (to 1982) or copper-clad zinc (1982 to present) with the exception of 1943 when the coin was made of steel.

The coins were initially struck exclusively by the Philadelphia Mint from 1793 to 1907, then also the San Francisco Mint (since 1909, mint mark S) and the Denver Mint (since 1911, mint mark D). The West Point Mint issues collector pennies only (2019, W).

The U.S. Mint's official name for the coin is "cent" and the U.S. Treasury's official name is "one cent piece". The colloquial term "penny" derives from the British coin of the same name, the pre-decimal version of which had a similar place in the British system. In American English, pennies is the plural form. The plural form "pence" - standard in British English - is not used in American English.

Obverse
United States / One Cent - obverse photo

There have been a number of different obverse designs during the existence of the denomination:

Flowing Hair Liberty (1793). Within a plain rim, the head of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: 1793.

Liberty Cap (1793 - 1796). Head of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair tied with a ribbon. Behind her, a pole with a Phrygian Cap - a symbol of liberty dating back to Ancient Rome where such caps were worn by emancipated ex-slaves. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Draped Bust (1796 - 1807). Draped bust of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair tied with a ribbon. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Classic Head (1808 - 1814). Within a denticled (toothed) border, the bust of Liberty, facing left, with long curly hair tied with a fillet (ribbon). On the ribbon, the inscription LIBERTY. Thirteen six-pointed stars (seven around left and six around right) represent the first thirteen states that formed the United States. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Liberty Head (1816 - 1857). Within a denticled (toothed) border, the head of Liberty, facing left, with long hair tied back in a bun. She wears a coronet or diadem, on which the inscription LIBERTY is in relief. All around, thirteen six-pointed stars represent the first thirteen states that formed the United States. Below, the date of issue: [year].
There were three sub-types varying in the style of the portrait: the Matron Head (1816 - 1836), Young Head (1837 - 1839), and Braided Hair (1839 - 1857).

Flying Eagle (1856 - 1858). Within a denticled (toothed) border, an eagle flying to left. Around above, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Indian Head (1859 - 1909). A representation of Liberty, facing left and wearing an American Indian headdress made of feathers, and a pearl necklace. The ribbon holding the headdress carries the inscription LIBERTY in relief. Around left and right, interrupted by Liberty's headdress, the llegend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Abraham Lincoln (1910 - present). Within a plain rim, the bust of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, facing right. In tiny incuse letters on the shoulder truncation, the designer's initials VDB (for Victor David Brenner). Around above, the inscription IN GOD WE TRUST. To the left of the bust, LIBERTY. To the right of the bust and slightly lower, the date of issue: [year]. Below the date, the mint mark (if any; coins struck by the Philadelphia Mint have no mint mark).

Obverse Inscription IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY [year]
Reverse
United States / One Cent - reverse photo

There have been a number of different reverse designs during the existence of the denomination:

Chain Reverse (1793). The central motif of the reverse is an interlocking chain with fifteen links, representing the fifteen American states in existence at the time the coin was issued. The value and denomination are expressed both in words: ONE CENT and as a fraction of a dollar: 1/100, within the chain. Along the outer rim, the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

First Wreath Reverse (1793 - 1807). On two lines at its centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath. Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the value of the coin expressed as a fraction of the dollar: 1/100. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Second Wreath Reverse (1808 - 1857). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by an alive and laurel wreath. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Third Wreath Reverse (1857 - 1859). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath composed of leaves of wheat, corn, cotton and tobacco. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value.

Fourth Wreath Reverse (1859). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a laurel wreath. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value.

Wreath and Shield (1860 - 1909). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value, holding also three arrows. Above the value, a small shield with seven horizontal stripes above and six vertical stripes below, representing the 13 original states forming the United States.

Wheat Penny (1909 - 1958). The value and denomination ONE CENT are on two lines at the centre, below which on two lines the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. On the left and on the right, two ears of wheat. Above, the motto E · PLURIBUS · UNUM.

Lincoln Memorial (1959 - 2008). The design features the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above; below it, on two lines E · PLURIBUS · UNUM ·. The value and denomination ONE CENT are around below.

Lincoln Bicentennial Cents (2009). Four different designs commemorating 200 years since the birth of Abraham Lincoln, representing different stages of his life: Birth and Childhood, Formative Years, Professional Life and Presidency.

Union Shield (2010 - present). The Union Shield of the United States is at the centre. It has 13 vertical stripes representing the 13 original states forming the United States; the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM is incuse in its upper part. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above and the value and denomination ONE CENT are in relief on a ribbon running across the shield.

Reverse Inscription ONE CENT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA E PLURIBUS UNUM
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

For coins of other countries denominated as One Cent, see:
- One Cent, Sarawak - issued 1863 to 1941, demonetised 1953
- One Cent, British North Borneo - issued 1882 to 1941, demonetised 1953
- One Cent, British Honduras - issued 1885 to 1973, demonetised 1981
- One Cent, South Africa - issued 1961 to 2001, withdrawn 2003
- One Cent, Australia - issued 1966 to 1991, withdrawn 1992 (occasionally issued later as NCLT)
- One Cent, Bahamas - issued 1966 to present
- One Cent, New Zealand - issued 1967 to 1988, demonetised 1990

Coin Type: One Cent - (238) Coins (Page 1 of 3)
Coin NameMintageSymbol / PortraitLegend
One Cent 1793 Flowing Hair, Chain 36,103 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1793
One Cent 1793 Flowing Hair, Wreath 63,353 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1793
One Cent 1793 Liberty Cap 11,056 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1793
One Cent 1794 Liberty Cap 918,521 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1794
One Cent 1795 Liberty Cap 538,500 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1795
One Cent 1796 Liberty Cap 109,825 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1796
One Cent 1796 Draped Bust 363,375 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1796
One Cent 1797 Draped Bust 897,510 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1797
One Cent 1798 Draped Bust 1,841,745 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1798
One Cent 1799 Draped Bust 42,540 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1799
One Cent 1800 Draped Bust 2,822,175 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1800
One Cent 1801 Draped Bust 1,362,837 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1801
One Cent 1802 Draped Bust 3,435,100 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1802
One Cent 1803 Draped Bust 3,131,691 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1803
One Cent 1804 Draped Bust 96,500 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1804
One Cent 1805 Draped Bust 941,116 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1805
One Cent 1806 Draped Bust 348,000 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1806
One Cent 1807 Draped Bust 727,221 Liberty, Portrait LIBERTY 1807
One Cent 1808 Classic Head 1,007,000 Liberty, Portrait ******* 1808 ******
One Cent 1809 Classic Head 222,867 Liberty, Portrait ******* 1809 ******
One Cent 1810 Classic Head 1,458,500 Liberty, Portrait ******* 1810 ******
One Cent 1811 Classic Head 218,025 Liberty, Portrait ******* 1811 ******
One Cent 1812 Classic Head 1,075,500 Liberty, Portrait ******* 1812 ******
One Cent 1813 Classic Head 418,000 Liberty, Portrait ******* 1813 ******
One Cent 1814 Classic Head 357,830 Liberty, Portrait ******* 1814 ******
One Cent 1816 Matron Head 2,820,982 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1816
One Cent 1817 Matron Head 3,948,400 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1817
One Cent 1818 Matron Head 3,167,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1818
One Cent 1819 Matron Head 2,671,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1819
One Cent 1820 Matron Head 4,407,550 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1820
One Cent 1821 Matron Head 389,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1821
One Cent 1822 Matron Head 2,072,339 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1822
One Cent 1823 Matron Head 1,262,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1823
One Cent 1824 Matron Head 1,262,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1824
One Cent 1825 Matron Head 1,461,100 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1825
One Cent 1826 Matron Head 1,517,425 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1826
One Cent 1827 Matron Head 2,357,732 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1827
One Cent 1828 Matron Head 2,260,624 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1828
One Cent 1829 Matron Head 1,414,500 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1829
One Cent 1830 Matron Head 1,711,500 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1830
One Cent 1831 Matron Head 3,359,260 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1831
One Cent 1832 Matron Head 2,362,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1832
One Cent 1833 Matron Head 2,739,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1833
One Cent 1834 Matron Head 1,855,100 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1834
One Cent 1835 Matron Head 3,878,400 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1835
One Cent 1836 Matron Head 2,111,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1836
One Cent 1837 Young Head 5,558,300 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1837
One Cent 1838 Young Head 6,370,200 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1838
One Cent 1839 Young Head 3,128,661 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1839
One Cent 1840 Braided Hair 2,462,700 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1840
One Cent 1841 Braided Hair 1,597,367 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1841
One Cent 1842 Braided Hair 2,383,390 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1842
One Cent 1843 Braided Hair 2,425,342 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1843
One Cent 1844 Braided Hair 2,398,752 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1844
One Cent 1845 Braided Hair 3,894,804 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1845
One Cent 1846 Braided Hair 4,120,800 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1846
One Cent 1847 Braided Hair 6,183,669 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1847
One Cent 1848 Braided Hair 6,415,799 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1848
One Cent 1849 Braided Hair 4,178,500 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1849
One Cent 1850 Braided Hair 4,426,844 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1850
One Cent 1851 Braided Hair 9,889,707 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1851
One Cent 1852 Braided Hair 5,063,094 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1852
One Cent 1853 Braided Hair 6,641,131 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1853
One Cent 1854 Braided Hair 4,236,156 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1854
One Cent 1855 Braided Hair 1,574,829 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1855
One Cent 1856 Flying Eagle 2,000 Flying Eagle UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1856
One Cent 1856 Braided Hair 2,690,463 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1856
One Cent 1857 Flying Eagle 17,450,485 Flying Eagle UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1857
One Cent 1857 Braided Hair 333,456 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1857
One Cent 1858 Flying Eagle 24,600,300 Flying Eagle UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1858
One Cent 1859 Indian Head 36,400,800 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1859
One Cent 1860 Indian Head 20,567,000 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1860
One Cent 1861 Indian Head 10,101,000 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1861
One Cent 1862 Indian Head 28,075,550 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1862
One Cent 1863 Indian Head 49,840,460 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1863
One Cent 1864 Indian Head (CuproNickel) 13,740,370 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1864
One Cent 1864 Indian Head (Bronze) 39,233,899 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1864
One Cent 1865 Indian Head 35,429,786 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1865
One Cent 1866 Indian Head 9,827,225 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1866
One Cent 1867 Indian Head 9,821,625 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1867
One Cent 1868 Indian Head 10,267,100 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1868
One Cent 1869 Indian Head 6,420,600 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1869
One Cent 1870 Indian Head 5,276,000 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1870
One Cent 1871 Indian Head 3,930,460 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1871
One Cent 1872 Indian Head 4,042,950 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1872
One Cent 1873 Indian Head 11,677,600 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1873
One Cent 1874 Indian Head 14,188,200 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1874
One Cent 1875 Indian Head 13,528,700 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1875
One Cent 1876 Indian Head 7,945,150 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1876
One Cent 1877 Indian Head 853,400 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1877
One Cent 1878 Indian Head 5,799,850 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1878
One Cent 1879 Indian Head 16,231,200 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1879
One Cent 1880 Indian Head 38,964,955 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1880
One Cent 1881 Indian Head 39,211,575 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1881
One Cent 1882 Indian Head 38,581,100 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1882
One Cent 1883 Indian Head 45,598,109 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1883
One Cent 1884 Indian Head 23,261,742 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1884
One Cent 1885 Indian Head 11,765,384 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1885
One Cent 1886 Indian Head 17,654,290 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1886
One Cent 1887 Indian Head 45,226,483 Liberty, Indian Head UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1887
Showing 1 to 100 of 238 Coins.
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
One Cent: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Sub-types One Cent, Flowing Hair
One Cent, Liberty Cap
One Cent, Draped Bust
One Cent, Classic Head
One Cent, Liberty Head
One Cent, Flying Eagle
One Cent, Indian Head
One Cent, Lincoln
From1793
Face Value1 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
Material
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size
Mass
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