Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria, Coin from Australia (withdrawn 1966)
CoinFlorin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria

The Australian Florin is a silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal florin, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom). A Florin is equal to two shillings, or 24 pence, or one tenth of a pound.

The reverse of the regular circulating Australian florin coins of the time features the 1908 Coat of Arms.

This is the second Australian circulating commemorative coin (after the Canberra Florin). This coin was issued to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the colony and state of Victoria (founded 1834) and the foundation of the city of Melbourne (founded 1835); hence it is known as the Melbourne Florin. 75,000 were struck and sold at a premium (they were priced at three shillings, for a face value of two shillings), but only 54,000 were sold since many people could not justify such an expense during the Depression; the 21,000 which remained unsold at the end of the event were melted.

The bold art deco reverse design of the coin, by George Kruger Gray, features the centenary logo of an equestrian figure, slightly modified to fit the circular format of a coin (the logo was set in an oval).

The Melbourne Florin is also remarkable for being the only Australian coin having the crowned effigy of King George V by Percy Metcalfe, and also the only Australian pre-decimal coin with an obverse legend in English (all the others were in Latin).

Being a collector issue, these coins never really circulated. The denomination was withdrawn from circulation after decimalisation on 14 February 1966 but was never formally demonetised and these coins are still legal tender.

MintMelbourne Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage75,000
Obverse
Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin displays the crowned and draped bust of King George V facing left (his portrait by Percy Metcalfe) extending below to the rim of the coin.

The artist's initials are not shown.

Around above, divided by the crown, the monarch's legend GEORGE V KING EMPEROR.

This is the only Australian coin having this effigy and this legend.

Obverse Inscription GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Reverse
Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria - reverse photo

Within a beaded border, the reverse of the coin features a naked rider advancing to the left holding a flaming torch aloft.

In exergue, the denomination · FLORIN · (two shillings, or 24 pence); around above, CENTENARY · VICTORIA · MELBOURNE · 1934-35.

Above the ground line to the left of the horse's hoof, in small letters, the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray).

Reverse Inscription · FLORIN · CENTENARY · VICTORIA · MELBOURNE · 1934-35 ·
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

This is a key date in the Australian florin series.

Of the 75,000 struck, 21,000 remained unsold and were later returned to the Melbourne mint for re-melting, leaving a net mintage of just 54,000 pieces.

See also

The Australian Victoria/Melbourne Centenary Florin design has been issued and re-issued as:
- Australia, Silver Florin Centenary of Victoria and Melbourne (the original coin)
- Australia, Silver 20 Cents (non-circulating legal tender), 1998
- Niue, 5 oz Silver (gilded), Melbourne Centenary Florin, 2020

Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria: Known varieties
Variety Proof-like
Images Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria / Proof-like - obverse photo Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria / Proof-like - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown
Details

Greg McDonald's "Australian Coins and Banknotes" catalogue distinguishes a "Proof-like Type One" and "Proof-like Type Two" varieties (the differences are not explained). However, they are listed with identical prices and treated as one variety by this site.

Variety Proof / Pattern specimen
Images Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria / Proof / Pattern specimen - obverse photo Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria / Proof / Pattern specimen - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown
Details

Greg McDonald's "Australian Coins and Banknotes" catalogue describes this as "Pattern specimen: (Better relief), nipple on rider's left breast".

Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria: References to Information Used
All (52) coins of type: Florin
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Florin 1910 1,259,250 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Crowned Bust) EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1911 950,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1912 1,000,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1913 1,200,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1914 2,800,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1915 1,250,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1916 2,752,025 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1917 4,305,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1918 2,095,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1919 1,677,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1920 (pattern) unknown King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1921 1,247,112 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1922 2,057,858 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1923 1,038,464 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1924 1,582,674 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1925 2,960,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1926 2,487,250 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1927 1,420,970 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1927 Parliament House 2,000,400 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1928 1,962,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1931 3,129,682 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1932 188,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1933 488,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1934 1,674,100 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria 75,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Metcalfe GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Florin 1935 915,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1936 2,382,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1937 (pattern) unknown Coat of Arms of Australia, 1912 FLORIN 1937 AUSTRALIA
Florin 1938 2,990,250 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1939 630,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1940 8,410,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1941 7,694,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1942 23,986,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1943 23,762,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1944 33,440,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1945 11,970,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1946 22,154,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1947 39,292,800 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1951 10,068,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Florin 1951 Federation Jubilee 2,000,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Florin 1952 10,044,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Florin 1953 12,658,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Florin 1954 15,366,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Florin 1954 Royal Visit 4,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1956 8,091,500 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1957 9,279,256 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1958 8,973,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1959 3,501,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1960 15,761,509 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1961 9,453,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1962 13,750,016 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1963 12,004,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
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Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypeFlorin 1934-35 - Centenary of Melbourne
Issued1934
MonarchKing George V
EffigyKing George V - Crowned Bust, by Percy Metcalfe
Face Value2 (x Shilling)
Circulation MintageNone
Total Mintage75,000
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size28.500 mm
Thickness2.500 mm
Mass11.310 g
OCC IDDRMK-GEZA-CBDN-ONXQ
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Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria: Photos
ImageDetails
Australia 1934-35 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Australia 1934-35 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Specimen Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Centenary of Victoria & Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1934
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Pattern specimen.
Source
Specimen Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Centenary of Victoria & Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1934
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Pattern specimen.
Source
Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria: Catalogue Reference IDs