Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin, Coin from Niue - detailed information

Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin, Coin from Niue
CoinSilver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin

Niue, a sovereign state in free association with New Zealand, uses two official legal tender currencies. The New Zealand Dollar is the circulation currency for daily transactions, while the government also authorises legal tender coins in the Niue Dollar currency for collector's purposes.

A number of mints issue a large variety of commemorative, bullion and collector coins under the authority of Niue. These coins are dedicated to historical or general popular culture themes not related to Niue itself. Many of them are in standard bullion sizes - including this very large five ounces of silver format (abbreviated as 5 oz Ag, where "Ag" comes from the Latin word for silver, Argentum).

This large, 65mm diameter coin celebrates the 85th Anniversary of Australia’s iconic art deco 1934-35 Centenary Florin that was originally issued to celebrate the twin centenaries of the founding of Victoria and the settlement of Melbourne.

The 1934-1935 Melbourne Victoria Commemorative Florin is remarkable with several features:
- it is the only double-dated Australian coin,
- the only pre-decimal coin with the legends in English rather than Latin, and
- the only Australian coin to carry Percy Metcalf's obverse portrait of King George V.

While Australia, like the rest of the world, struggled with the Great Depression, a Centenary Council was busy planning the celebrations for two 100th anniversaries. Victoria's first permanent European settlement had occurred in 1834, with the founding of Melbourne soon thereafter in 1835. To help cover costs of the celebrations, a commemorative sterling silver florin would be sold to the public at three shillings apiece.

Upon release, the provocative commemorative design, featuring a naked man on horseback, proved highly controversial. “Perhaps it is appropriate,” mused art committee Chairman Russell Grimwade to the Melbourne newspaper The Argus, “because it looks worth about two shillings.” Despite this, the iconic design by George Kruger Gray is much admired by collectors today, and remains unprecedented in the annals of numismatic design.

Sadly, due to the Great Depression, many would-be buyers simply didn't have three shillings to spare to buy a coin. With sales low, 21,000 coins were melted down, leaving 54,000 of the mintage of 75,000 remaining. As a result, the 1934-35 Centenary Florin is very scarce today, and highly sought-after by collectors.

MintPAMP Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage500
Obverse
Niue / Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend, the date of issue and the value: ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2020 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·.

The inscription around the rim also incorporates the precious metal content. "5 OZ 999 SILVER" means "five troy ounces of 99.9% silver".

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2020 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Reverse
Niue / Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin - reverse photo

Within a beaded border, the reverse of the coin features a naked rider advancing to the left holding a flaming torch aloft. The figure, as well as the ground line below it, are selectively gold plated.

In exergue, the denomination · FLORIN · (two shillings, or 24 pence); around above, CENTENARY · VICTORIA · MELBOURNE · 1934-35.

Above the ground line to the left of the horse's hoof, in small letters, the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray).

Reverse Inscription · FLORIN · CENTENARY · VICTORIA · MELBOURNE · 1934-35 ·
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Finish: proof, selective gilding.
Packaging: in wooden presentation box with illustrated outer shipper, with a numbered Certificate of Authenticity.

There is no primary information available about this coin; it seems that the coin was commissioned by Australian company Downies and struck by PAMP.

All (33) coins of type: Silver Five Ounces (5 oz)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Silver Five Ounces 2012 The Last Supper 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE · 10 DOLLARS · 2012 ·
Silver Five Ounces 2015 Year of the Goat 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2015 · 8 DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2016 Year of the Monkey 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2016 · 8 DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2017 Year of the Rooster 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2017 · 8 DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2017 Emblems of Australia 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2017 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2018 Year of the Dog 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2018 · 8 DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2018 Great Barrier Reef 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2018 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2019 Year of the Pig 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2019 · 8 DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2019 Royal Visit Florin 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2019 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2019 Australian Dreamtime 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2019 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Year of the Rat 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2020 · 8 DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Universal Gods - Zeus 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2020
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Universal Gods - Odin 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2020
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Universal Gods - Perun 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2020
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Universal Gods - Quetzalcóatl 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2020
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Universal Gods - Re 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2020
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2020 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2020 Red-Back Spider 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2020 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2021 The Great Lunar Race 888 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2021 · 8 DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2021 Universal Goddess - Aphrodite 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2021
Silver Five Ounces 2021 Universal Goddess - Frigg 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2021
Silver Five Ounces 2021 Universal Goddess - Vesna 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2021
Silver Five Ounces 2021 Universal Goddess - Kali 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2021
Silver Five Ounces 2021 Universal Goddess - Bastet 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait NIUE ISLAND 10 DOLLARS ELIZABETH II 2021
Silver Five Ounces 2021 Parrots of Australia 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2021 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2021 The Witcher - White Wolf 1,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II NIUE 2021 10 DOLLARS 5 oz AG 925
Silver Five Ounces 2022 Year of the Tiger 888 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2022 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2022 Star Wars - AT-AT Walker 300 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II NIUE TEN DOLLARS 2022
Silver Five Ounces 2022 Sandcrawler 300 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II NIUE TEN DOLLARS 2022
Silver Five Ounces 2022 Lion and Hyena 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2022 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2022 Cougar and Bear 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2022 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2022 Tiger and Komodo 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2022 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
Silver Five Ounces 2022 Daintree Rainforest 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II · NIUE 2022 · TEN DOLLARS · 5 OZ 999 SILVER ·
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Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin: Details
CountryNiue
CurrencyNiue Dollar
Coin TypeSilver Five Ounces (5 oz)
Issued2020
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value10 (x Dollar)
Total Mintage500
CurrentYes
Material0.999 Silver
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size65.000 mm
Mass155.533 g
OCC IDGAVP-EXAC-MLGP-OMDY
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Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin: Photos
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Coin, Niue, Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin
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Coin, Niue, Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin
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Coin, Niue, Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin
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Coin, Niue, Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin
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Coin, Niue, Silver Five Ounces 2020 Melbourne Centenary Florin
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