The regular circulating coinage of Australia includes coins from 5 cents up to two dollars. Apart from those, the Royal Australian Mint also issues non-circulating coins for collectors, some of which are made of silver and denominated as $10 (ten dollars). These are not bullion, since they are sold at prices much higher than the intrinsic value of the precious metal they contain.
This coin is part of a series which represents the individual States and Territories of the Commonwealth of Australia, and features the Coat of Arms of Western Australia.
Western Australia (commonly abbreviated as WA) is a state of Australia occupying the western 33 percent of the land area of Australia, excluding external territories. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,527,013 square kilometres. It is the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic.
The first Europeans to visit Western Australia belonged to the Dutch Dirk Hartog expedition, who visited the Western Australian coast in 1616. The first permanent European colony of Western Australia occurred following the landing by Major Edmund Lockyer on 26 December 1826 of an expedition on behalf of the New South Wales colonial government. Lockyer established a convict-supported military garrison at King George III Sound, at present-day Albany, and on 21 January 1827 he formally took possession for the British Crown of the western part of the continent that was not already claimed by the Crown. This was followed by the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829, including the site of the present-day capital, Perth.
The reverse design of the coin features the Coat of Arms of Queensland granted by a royal warrant of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia dated 17 March 1969. The shield has a silver field, with a rippled; a black swan swims on the upper blue ripple. The crest is the Royal Crown of St Edward on a wreath between two kangaroo paw flowers. The supporters are two red kangaroos holding up the shield. Each kangaroo holds in their forepaw a boomerang without any marks or symbols on it, and they stand upon a grassy compartment.
Unlike the coats of arms of other states, there is no motto.
Around above, the inscription WESTERN AUSTRALIA. Around below, the face value 10 DOLLARS.