One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern), Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern), Coin from United Kingdom
CoinOne Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern)

The £1 coin in base metal (as opposed to the gold sovereign, which has a nominal face value of one pound too), nickel-brass was introduced in 1983, as a replacement for the £1 banknote. A variety of designs were issued into circulation between 1983 and 2016; they were all demonetised in 2017 and replaced by the current 12-sided bimetallic one pound coin.

Various reverse designs represented first the United Kingdom as a whole, then in rotation Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England, alternating each year in that order. Five artists were asked to provide designs for the third series in this rotation; each of them chose a different approach to represent the parts of the United Kingdom. The winning set was designed by Edwina Ellis and featured famous bridges in each of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom; it was released as a pattern set in 2003, then as circulation coins between 2004 and 2007.

While not ultimately selected for issue into circulation, Timothy Noad's designs - featuring representative heraldic beasts of Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England's Lion - were apparently considered beautiful examples of numismatic art and worthy of a being issued as a collector's set. Similarly to the Bridges series, the Royal Mint released the Heraldic Beasts series as patterns in precious metals - all of them dated 2004 and having the word PATTERN instead of the value and denomination ONE POUND on the reverse. By long-standing tradition, they are also further distinguished from regular coins by having a plain edge; as with the earlier series, they also have a hallmark on the edge.

Coins of this type are not and never have been legal tender.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintageunknown
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Obverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern) - obverse photo

The obverse shows the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 2004.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern) - reverse photo

The lion is the most popular and one of the oldest beasts in heraldry. It appears in the arms of Great Britain, Denmark, Spain, Holland and numerous other European countries. As early as 1127 Henry I used the lion as an ornament on a shield. The early English heralds confused the lion with the leopard and although never drawn spotted as the real leopard, it was described as leo-pard, or a lion as a leopard.

Lions in medieval times were associated with Christianity, representing justice and righteous power and many royal coat of arms featured them. Richard I had three lions on his Royal Seal and subsequently this device came to be used as the Royal Arms of England.

The lion is the king of the beasts and has been used in the Royal Arms of England since the Plantagenets. Here the lion's head is shown in full-face and is crowned with a coronet of alternate crosses and fleurs-de-lis as in the Royal Crest and left-hand supporter of the Royal Arms.

Around below, the inscription PATTERN.

Reverse Inscription PATTERN
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionHallmark of the metal content
Notes

There are no "regular", base metal coins of the type. The existing coins are one of the types listed as varieties below: silver or gold. The coins were released in a set of four containing:

1. Unicorn of Scotland Pattern £1 2004
2. Dragon of Wales Pattern £1 2004
3. White Hart of Northern Ireland Pattern £1 2004
4. Lion of England Pattern £1 2004.

One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern): Known varieties
Variety Gold Proof FDC
Images United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern) / Gold Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern) / Gold Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown
Material0.917 Gold
Details

Issued in four-coin set, Spink PPS4, not listed in Krause. 19.61 grams 22-carat gold (AGW 0.5779 oz), 22.50 mm. Issue limited at 2,250 sets.

Variety Silver Proof FDC
Images United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern) / Silver Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern) / Silver Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown
Material0.925 Silver
Details

Issued in four-coin set, Spink PPS3, not listed in Krause. 9.50 g sterling silver (0.2825 ASW), 22.50 mm. Issue limited at 5,000 sets.

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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Pound (Pattern)
Issued2004
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value1 (x Pound)
Total Mintageunknown
Material
DesignerTimothy Noad
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
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One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern): Photos
ImageDetails
2004 UK £1 Pattern Set Gold Proof Beasts
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Gold Pattern Set - box.
Source
2004 UK £1 Pattern Set Gold Proof Beasts - Lion
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Gold Proof.
Source
2004 UK £1 Pattern Set Gold Proof Beasts
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Gold Proof.
Source
2004 Silver Proof Beasts Pattern £1 Coin Set - Lion
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
One Pound 2004 Lion (Pattern): Catalogue Reference IDs