One Pound, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Pound, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1983 - )
Coin TypeOne Pound

The British one pound (£1) coin is a circulating denomination of the Pound Sterling. The coin was introduced on the 9 February 1983 to replace the Bank of England one pound note which ceased to be issued at the end of 1984 and was removed from circulation on 11 March 1988, though still redeemable at the Bank's offices, like all English banknotes. One-pound notes continue to be issued in Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man, and by the Royal Bank of Scotland, but the pound coin is much more widely used.

The original coin was round and was made of nickel-brass. The design of the reverse was changed each year from 1983 to 2008 to show, in turn, an emblem representing the United Kingdom as a whole (Royal Arms), Scotland (Thistle and Diadem or Lion), Wales (Leek and Diadem or Dragon), Northern Ireland (Flax and Diadem or Celtic Cross), and England (Oak Tree and Diadem or Three Lions), together with an appropriate edge inscription. From 2008, national-based designs were still minted, but alongside the new standard version and no longer in strict rotation. The inscription ONE POUND appeared on all reverse designs.

In 2008, a new reverse by Matthew Dent was introduced. In a world-first concept, the designs for the 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p and 50p coins depict sections of the Royal Shield that form the whole shield when placed together. The shield in its entirety was featured on the £1 coin.

A new, dodecagonal (12-sided) design of coin was introduced on 28 March 2017 and both new and old versions of the one pound coin circulated together until the older design was withdrawn from circulation on 15 October 2017. The new coin is bimetallic like the current £2 coin, and features several advanced security features.

Obverse
United Kingdom / One Pound - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin), date.

Obverse InscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch, date
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Pound - reverse photo

There have been a large number of reverse designs, listed on their respective pages below.

Reverse Inscription
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)
Edge Inscription
All Coins of Type: One Pound (50)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Pound 1983 Royal Arms 444,287,810 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Pound 1984 Thistle and Diadem 146,256,501 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Pound 1985 Leek and Diadem 228,430,749 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Pound 1986 Flax and Diadem 10,409,501 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Pound 1987 Oak Tree and Diadem 39,298,502 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Pound 1988 Shield 7,118,825 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Pound 1989 Thistle and Diadem 70,580,501 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Pound 1990 Leek and Diadem 97,269,302 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Pound 1991 Flax and Diadem 38,443,575 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Pound 1992 Oak Tree and Diadem 36,320,487 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Pound 1993 Royal Arms 114,867,525 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Pound 1994 Lion Rampant 29,752,525 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Pound 1995 Dragon 34,503,501 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Pound 1996 Celtic Cross 89,886,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Pound 1997 Three Lions 57,117,450 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Pound 1998 Royal Arms 159,862 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Pound 1999 Lion Rampant unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Pound 2000 Dragon 109,496,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Pound 2001 Celtic Cross 63,968,065 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Pound 2002 Three Lions 77,818,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Pound 2003 Royal Arms 61,753,012 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Pound 2004 Forth Railway Bridge 39,162,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Pound 2005 Menai Bridge 99,429,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Pound 2006 Egyptian Arch Bridge 38,938,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Pound 2007 Millennium Bridge 26,180,160 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Pound 2008 Royal Arms 3,910,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2008 Shield 43,827,300 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Pound 2009 Shield 27,625,600 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Pound 2010 Shield 57,120,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 London 2,635,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2010 Belfast 6,205,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Pound 2011 Shield 25,415,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Cardiff 1,615,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2011 Edinburgh 935,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Pound 2012 Shield 35,700,030 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Pound 2013 Shield 13,090,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 England 5,270,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2013 Wales 5,270,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Pound 2014 Shield 79,305,200 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Northern Ireland 5,780,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2014 Scotland 5,185,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fourth Portrait) 29,580,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Pound 2015 Royal Arms 129,616,985 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2015 Shield (Fifth Portrait) 75,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015
One Pound 2016 Shield 30,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016
One Pound 2016 Last Round Pound unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016
One Pound 2016 Bimetallic 648,936,536 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2016 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2017 749,616,200 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2017 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2018 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2018 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
One Pound 2019 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) 2019 · ELIZABETH II · D · G · REG · F · D
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