Third Farthing 1844, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Third Farthing 1844, Coin from United Kingdom (demonetised 1961)
CoinThird Farthing 1844

The Third Farthing was a small circulating coin of the British pre-decimal Pound Sterling, equal to 1/3 of a farthing, or one twelfth of a penny. There were 20 shillings to a pound, 12 pence to a shilling and 4 farthings to a penny, so 2,880 of these coins made up £1.

The coin was introduced in 1827 exclusively for use in Malta, but it is considered to be part of the British coinage as at that time Malta was considered more as a part of Britain than a colony. The farthing coin was already in circulation in Malta as a 3 grani coin, and the third farthing was introduced as 1 grano. A proclamation issued in Malta on 3 November 1827 legalised the new coins, referring to them as British Grains. The cost of living in Malta was lower than in Britain, and it was not considered appropriate to introduce them in Britain so they were never legal tender there.

Comparatively few coins were needed for Malta, so the denomination was not issued often. Coins were issued in 1827, 1835 and 1844 in copper, then in only nine different years between 1866 and 1913, in bronze.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage1,301,040 (1.3 million)
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Obverse
United Kingdom / Third Farthing 1844 - obverse photo

Young effigy of Queen Victoria, facing left; the portrait is by William Wyon and is widely known as her "Young Head".

The Queen's hair is bound with a double fillet (ribbon) and collected into a knot behind.

Around, the monarch's legend: VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844. Translated from Latin: Victoria, by the Grace of God.

Obverse Inscription VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Reverse
United Kingdom / Third Farthing 1844 - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows, within a beaded border, the figure of Britannia - the female personification of Great Britain - seated facing right, wearing a Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face, resting her right hand on a shield bearing a saltire of arms, and holding a trident in her left hand.

Around, the rest of the monarch's legend: BRITANNIAR: REG: FID: DEF:; translated from Latin: Queen of the Britains, Defender of the Faith.

In the exergue, a rose, a thistle and a shamrock combined - the floral symbols of the constituent parts of the United Kingdom, respectively England, Scotland and Ireland.

Reverse Inscription BRITANNIAR: REG: FID: DEF:
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Bressett, Kenneth E. 1962. A Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Wisconsin, USA. pp 9-10
[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins., pp187-188

Third Farthing 1844: Known varieties
Variety RE for REG
Mintage Issued: unknown
Details

RE in error, instead of REG in the legend.

Variety Proof, RE for REG
Images United Kingdom / Third Farthing 1844 / Proof, RE for REG - obverse photo United Kingdom / Third Farthing 1844 / Proof, RE for REG - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown
Details

Unlisted in catalogues. The coin in the photo is in the collection of Museums Victoria, which was inherited from the Melbourne branch of the Royal Mint.

Third Farthing 1844: References to Information Used
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Third Farthing 1844: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Coin TypeThird Farthing
Issued1844
MonarchQueen Victoria
EffigyQueen Victoria - Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head)
ReverseBritannia, Seated
Face Value1/12 (x Penny)
Circulation Mintage1,301,040 (1.3 million)
Total Mintage1,301,040 (1.3 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1961
MaterialCopper
DesignerWilliam Wyon
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size16.000 mm
Thickness0.900 mm
Mass1.500 - 1.600 g
OCC IDNXYD-ONZC-PPZM-OVRB
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Third Farthing 1844: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1/3 Farthing, Malta, 1844
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Proof Coin - 1/3 Farthing, Malta, 1844
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Coin - 1/3 Farthing, Malta, 1844
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - 1/3 Farthing, Malta, 1844
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Third Farthing 1844: Catalogue Reference IDs