Gibraltar / Queen Elizabeth II

Gibraltar - Queen Elizabeth II (6 February 1952 - )

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the Queen of 16 of the 53 member states in the Commonwealth of Nations. She is Head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

Upon her accession on 6 February 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon. Her coronation service the following year was the first to be televised. From 1956 to 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence and some realms became republics. Today, in addition to the first four of the aforementioned countries, Elizabeth is Queen of Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis.

The royal style of Queen Elizabeth II is:

"By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith" before her coronation in 1953, then:

"By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith" or (in Latin) "Elizabeth II, Dei Gratia Britanniarum Regnorumque Suorum Ceterorum Regina, Consortionis Populorum Princeps, Fidei Defensor".

The title King of Gibraltar continues to be used by Spanish monarchs even though the territory was ceded to the Crown of Great Britain in perpetuity under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713. The continued use of the title thus emphasizes a Spanish viewpoint that the British monarch merely has possession of Gibraltar, rather than sovereignty over it. The United Kingdom, by contrast, takes the position that the treaty transferred sovereignty as well as possession. It was customary for titles and arms of conquered territories to be omitted from British regnal claims. The title and arms were thus never claimed by the British monarchy.

In 2010 though the government of Gibraltar issued coinage using the title "Queen of Gibraltar". The title now appears on most Gibraltar and UK government documents referencing the Queen in relation to Gibraltar.

Gibraltar - Queen Elizabeth II: Coins Issued (38)
NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Crown 1969 40,000 Arnold Machin
Twenty-five Pence 1977 24,000
Crown 1980 15,000
Fourteen Ecus 1992 unknown
Thirty-five Ecus 1992 15,000
Fourteen Ecus 1992 Uncouped Portrait 5,000
Twenty-one Ecus 1993 15,000
Fourteen Ecus 1993 30,000
2.8 Ecus 1993 unknown
Fourteen Ecus 1994 30,000
Twenty-one Ecus 1994 15,000
Fourteen Ecus 1995 30,000
Twenty-one Ecus 1995 15,000
One Ounce Silver 1997 Royal 50,000
One Penny 2000 unknown Ian Rank-Broadley
One Penny 2004 unknown Raphael Maklouf
Ten Pence 2004 unknown Raphael Maklouf
Five Pence 2004 unknown Raphael Maklouf
Fifty Pence 2004 unknown Raphael Maklouf
Two Pence 2004 unknown Ralphael Maklouf
One Pound 2004 unknown Raphael Maklouf
Twenty Pence 2004 unknown Raphael Maklouf
Fifty Pence 2006 unknown Raphael Maklouf
One Penny 2006 unknown
One Penny 2008 unknown
Fifty Pence 2008 unknown
Five Pence 2008 unknown
Ten Pence 2008 unknown
One Penny 2009 unknown
One Pound 2009 unknown
Two Pounds 2009 unknown
Five Pence 2009 unknown
Ten Pence 2009 unknown
Twenty Pence 2009 unknown
Fifty Pence 2009 unknown
Two Pence 2009 unknown
Silver Ounce 2018 Royal Arms 52,099
Gold Ounce 2018 Royal Arms 5,500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
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Queen Elizabeth II: Details
CountryGibraltar
From6 February 1952
To
Personal Information Queen Elizabeth II
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Country Details
NameGibraltar
From1713
FlagFlag of Gibraltar