Australia: Coin Type Fifty Cents - detailed information

Australia: Coin Type Fifty Cents (issued 1966 - )
Coin TypeFifty Cents

The 50 cent coin was first introduced with decimalisation on 14 February 1966. The original design featured the Commonwealth Coat of Arms struck on an 80 per cent silver coin. Silver prices rose above the face value of the coin in 1967 and striking of the coin was suspended in March 1968. Although it was rumoured that the Royal Australian Mint had lost money on striking these coins, all metal used in the manufacture of the 36.5 million coins produced was purchased before the price rises.

Apart from the uneconomic cost of continuing the issue of the silver 50 cents, significant negative comment arose from confusion of the circular coin with the 20 cents. The decision to reissue a 50 cent coin considered not only a change to materials but also different shapes to help solve confusion with the 20 cents. A new shape and alloy was reintroduced into circulation in September 1969. These new dodecagonal (12-sided) coins have been used since.

The original reverse design by Stuart Devlin has not been changed since the introduction for regular circulating coins. Apart from these, this denomination is also frequently used for commemorative designs.

Obverse

Effigy of the ruling monarch, legend.

Obverse InscriptionLegend of the ruling monarch
Reverse

Reverse Inscription
Edge
Edge Inscription
All Coins of Type: Fifty Cents (72)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Fifty Cents 1966 (round, silver) 36,472,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966
Fifty Cents 1969 14,028,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1969
Fifty Cents 1970 James Cook 16,555,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1970
Fifty Cents 1971 21,066,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1971
Fifty Cents 1972 5,596,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1972
Fifty Cents 1973 4,019,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1973
Fifty Cents 1974 8,973,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1974
Fifty Cents 1975 19,048,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1975
Fifty Cents 1976 27,301,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1976
Fifty Cents 1977 Coat of Arms unknown Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Fifty Cents 1977 Silver Jubilee 25,131,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Fifty Cents 1978 25,804,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Fifty Cents 1978 Fiji Mule unknown Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Fifty Cents 1979 24,922,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1979
Fifty Cents 1980 38,749,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1980
Fifty Cents 1981 24,254,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Fifty Cents 1981 Royal Wedding 20,000,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Fifty Cents 1982 XII Commonwealth Games 49,600,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1982
Fifty Cents 1983 49,003,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1983
Fifty Cents 1984 26,342,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
Fifty Cents 1985 1,075,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Fifty Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Fifty Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Fifty Cents 1988 Coat of Arms unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Fifty Cents 1988 Bicentenary 8,206,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Fifty Cents 1989 (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
Fifty Cents 1990 (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
Fifty Cents 1991 25th Anniversary of Decimal Currency 4,700,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Fifty Cents 1992 (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1992
Fifty Cents 1993 1,000,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1993
Fifty Cents 1994 International Year of the Family 21,239,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1994
Fifty Cents 1995 50th Anniversary of the End of WW2 15,908,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
Fifty Cents 1996 19,297,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1996
Fifty Cents 1997 4,340,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1997
Fifty Cents 1998 Bass and Flinders 22,422,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Fifty Cents 1999 20,346,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999
Fifty Cents 2000 Millennium 16,665,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Fifty Cents 2000 Royal Visit 5,100,000 Portrait by Vladimir Gottwald ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australia 43,209,600 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australian Capital Territory 2,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - New South Wales 3,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Norfolk Island 2,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Northern Territory 2,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Queensland 2,300,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - South Australia 2,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Tasmania 2,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Victoria 2,800,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Western Australia 2,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2002 Year of the Outback 11,546,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2002
Fifty Cents 2003 Volunteers 13,927,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
Fifty Cents 2004 17,918,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Fifty Cents 2004 Primary School design 10,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Fifty Cents 2005 (PNC only) 30,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2005 60th Anniversary of the end of WWII 26,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2005 Commonwealth Games 20,500,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2006 59,300,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Fifty Cents 2007 19,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
Fifty Cents 2008 33,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
Fifty Cents 2009 19,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Fifty Cents 2010 22,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Fifty Cents 2010 Australia Day 11,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Fifty Cents 2011 14,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Fifty Cents 2012 17,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Fifty Cents 2013 18,800,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Fifty Cents 2014 AIATSIS 3,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Fifty Cents 2014 17,700,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Fifty Cents 2015 19,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Fifty Cents 2016 15,700,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover 6,910,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Fifty Cents 2017 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Fifty Cents 2017 Mabo unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Fifty Cents 2018 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2018
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Fifty Cents: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Sub-types Fifty Cents Silver
Fifty Cents Coat of Arms
Fifty Cents Circulating Commemorative
From1966
Face Value50 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
MaterialSilver in 1966, CuproNickel 1969 and later
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound in 1966, 12-sided 1969 and later
Size (mm)
Mass (g)
Fifty Cents: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 50 Cents, Australia, 1966
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Silver (1966).
Source
Proof Coin - 50 Cents, Australia, 1966
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Silver (1966).
Source