Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover, Coin from Australia
CoinFifty Cents 2016 Changeover

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from years past. The fifty cent coin shows George Kruger Gray's iconic Ram's Head design which was used on One Shilling coins between 1938 and 1963. Unlike earlier commemorative fifty cent coins, the commemorative design is on the obverse, while the reverse has the traditional Coat of Arms design.

MintRoyal Australian Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage7,001,661 (7.0 million)
Obverse
Australia / Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover - obverse photo

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a coin carrying the iconic "Ram's Head" design which featured on silver shillings in the pre-decimal currency: a merino ram's head facing three-quarters left, between two seven-pointed Federation stars; around above, AUSTRALIA. The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in the field above the star on the right. Denomination and date are not depicted.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse
Australia / Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover - reverse photo

Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia, based on those authorised by Royal Warrant 19 September 1912 - composed of a shield divided into six parts, each containing a representation of the badge of a State. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu. The shield sits on the denomination numerals, 50 [cents]; above the shield is the Federation star. The entire design is set above a field of stylized wattle leaves.

The artist's initials SD (for Stuart Devlin) in (very) tiny letters are in the field below the numerals.

Reverse Inscription 50
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Total mintage is comprised of:

6,911,000 circulation coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
61,468 + 1,250 brilliant uncirculated coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year (in two different sets).
2,103 brilliant uncirculated coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.
20,852 proof coins minted during the 2015/2016 financial year.
4,988 proof coins minted during the 2016/2017 financial year.

Source of original information

Coins struck during 2015/2016 financial year (RAM Item Codes (none), 210414, 310668, 510901):
Royal Australian Mint (2016). 2015-2016 Annual Report, p96, p99, p107. Retrieved from https://www.ramint.gov.au/annual-reports (PDF)

Coins struck during 2016/2017 financial year (RAM Item Codes 210414, 310668):
Royal Australian Mint (2017). 2016-2017 Annual Report, p101. Retrieved from https://www.ramint.gov.au/annual-reports (PDF)

Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
Variety Brilliant Uncirculated in Mint Set
Images Australia / Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover / Brilliant Uncirculated in Mint Set - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 64,821 (included in total)
Details

Issued in two different coin sets: in 6 coin uncirculated set 50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency, 2016, RAM Item Code 310668, mintage 63,571, issue price AU$25, and in a set separately branded for the World Money Fair in Berlin, Item Code 510901, mintage 1,250, issue price AU$25.

Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: 25,840 (included in total)
Details

In 6 coin proof set 50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency, 2016, RAM Item Code 210414, issue price AU$100.

Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mintage link
All (76) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Fifty Cents
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Fifty Cents 1966 (round, silver) 36,472,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966
Fifty Cents 1969 14,028,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1969
Fifty Cents 1970 James Cook 16,555,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1970
Fifty Cents 1971 21,066,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1971
Fifty Cents 1972 5,596,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1972
Fifty Cents 1973 4,019,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1973
Fifty Cents 1974 8,973,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1974
Fifty Cents 1975 19,048,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1975
Fifty Cents 1976 27,301,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1976
Fifty Cents 1977 Coat of Arms unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Fifty Cents 1977 Silver Jubilee 25,131,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Fifty Cents 1978 25,804,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Fifty Cents 1978 Fiji Mule unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Fifty Cents 1979 24,922,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1979
Fifty Cents 1980 38,749,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1980
Fifty Cents 1981 24,254,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Fifty Cents 1981 Royal Wedding 20,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Fifty Cents 1982 XII Commonwealth Games 49,600,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1982
Fifty Cents 1983 49,003,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1983
Fifty Cents 1984 26,342,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
Fifty Cents 1985 1,075,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Fifty Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Fifty Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Fifty Cents 1988 Coat of Arms unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Fifty Cents 1988 Bicentenary 8,206,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Fifty Cents 1989 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
Fifty Cents 1990 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
Fifty Cents 1991 25th Anniversary of Decimal Currency 4,700,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Fifty Cents 1992 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1992
Fifty Cents 1993 1,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1993
Fifty Cents 1994 International Year of the Family 21,239,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1994
Fifty Cents 1995 50th Anniversary of the End of WW2 15,908,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
Fifty Cents 1996 19,297,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1996
Fifty Cents 1997 4,340,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1997
Fifty Cents 1998 Bass and Flinders 22,422,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Fifty Cents 1999 20,346,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999
Fifty Cents 2000 Millennium 16,665,153 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Fifty Cents 2000 Royal Visit 5,100,000 Queen Elizabeth - Portrait by Gottwald ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australia 43,300,936 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australian Capital Territory 2,085,539 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - New South Wales 3,103,556 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Norfolk Island 2,230,114 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Northern Territory 2,143,029 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Queensland 2,403,190 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - South Australia 2,464,886 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Tasmania 2,222,668 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Victoria 2,883,106 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Western Australia 2,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2002 Year of the Outback 11,665,062 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2002
Fifty Cents 2003 Volunteers 13,927,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
Fifty Cents 2004 17,918,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Fifty Cents 2004 Primary School design 10,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Fifty Cents 2005 (PNC only) 30,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2005 60th Anniversary of the end of WWII 26,600,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2005 Commonwealth Games 20,500,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2006 59,300,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Fifty Cents 2007 19,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
Fifty Cents 2008 33,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
Fifty Cents 2009 19,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Fifty Cents 2010 22,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Fifty Cents 2010 Australia Day 11,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Fifty Cents 2011 14,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Fifty Cents 2012 17,600,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Fifty Cents 2013 18,800,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Fifty Cents 2014 17,700,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Fifty Cents 2014 AIATSIS 3,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Fifty Cents 2015 19,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Fifty Cents 2016 15,700,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover 7,001,661 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Fifty Cents 2017 25,500,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Fifty Cents 2017 Mabo 1,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Fifty Cents 2018 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2018
Fifty Cents 2019 (Fourth Portrait) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
Fifty Cents 2019 Indigenous Languages unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2019
Fifty Cents 2019 (Fifth Portrait) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2019
Fifty Cents 2020 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · AUSTRALIA 2020
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Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeFifty Cents Circulating Commemorative
Issued2016
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value50 (x Cent)
Circulation Mintage6,911,000 (6.9 million)
Total Mintage7,001,661 (7.0 million)
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerStuart Devlin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeDodecagon - twelve sides
Size31.650 mm
Mass15.550 g
OCC IDXYRV-POVR-CQQY-ODQG
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Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: Photos
ImageDetails
2016 50c Circulating Coin - 50th anniversary of decimal currency - Obverse
Copyright: Royal Australian Mint
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