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Detailed information about Coin: Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover from Australia

Coin: Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover
Description

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint’s released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from today and years past. The fifty cent coin shows George Kruger Gray's iconic Ram's Head design which was used on One Shilling coins between 1938 and 1963. Unlike earlier commemorative fifty cent coins, the commemorative design is on the obverse, while the reverse has the traditional Coat of Arms design.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Face value50 (x Cent) TypeFifty Cents Circulating Commemorative
Year2016 CurrentYes
Mintage6,910,000 (6.9 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Australian Mint No mint mark 6,910,000 (6.9 million)
MaterialCuproNickel DesignerStuart Devlin
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapePolygon (Dodecagon - twelve sides)
Size (mm)31.6500 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)15.5500
Obverse

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a coin carrying the iconic "Ram's Head" design which featured on silver shillings in the pre-decimal currency: a merino ram's head facing three-quarters left, between two seven-pointed Federation stars; around above, AUSTRALIA. The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in the field above the star on the right. Denomination and date are not depicted.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse

Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia, based on those authorised by Royal Warrant 19 September 1912 - composed of a shield divided into six parts, each containing a representation of the badge of a State. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu. The shield sits on the denomination numerals, 50 [cents]; above the shield is the Federation star. The entire design is set above a field of stylized wattle leaves.

The artist's initials SD (for Stuart Devlin) in (very) tiny letters are in the field below the numerals.

Reverse inscription50
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof unknown
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mintage link
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: Some useful external links
Mint makes decimal currency history with the flip of a coin | Royal Australian Mint
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Royal Mint Bullion
Royal Mint Bullion
List of all (72) coins of type: Australia / Fifty Cents
Fifty Cents 1966 (round, silver) Fifty Cents 1969 Fifty Cents 1970 James Cook Fifty Cents 1971 Fifty Cents 1972 Fifty Cents 1973
Fifty Cents 1974 Fifty Cents 1975 Fifty Cents 1976 Fifty Cents 1977 Coat of Arms Fifty Cents 1977 Silver Jubilee Fifty Cents 1978
Fifty Cents 1978 Fiji Mule Fifty Cents 1979 Fifty Cents 1980 Fifty Cents 1981 Fifty Cents 1981 Royal Wedding Fifty Cents 1982 XII Commonwealth Games
Fifty Cents 1983 Fifty Cents 1984 Fifty Cents 1985 Fifty Cents 1986 (mint sets only) Fifty Cents 1987 (mint sets only) Fifty Cents 1988 Coat of Arms
Fifty Cents 1988 Bicentenary Fifty Cents 1989 (mint sets only) Fifty Cents 1990 (mint sets only) Fifty Cents 1991 25th Anniversary of Decimal Currency Fifty Cents 1992 (mint sets only) Fifty Cents 1993
Fifty Cents 1994 International Year of the Family Fifty Cents 1995 50th Anniversary of the End of WW2 Fifty Cents 1996 Fifty Cents 1997 Fifty Cents 1998 Bass and Flinders Fifty Cents 1999
Fifty Cents 2000 Millennium Fifty Cents 2000 Royal Visit Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australia Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australian Capital Territory Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - New South Wales Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Norfolk Island
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Northern Territory Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Queensland Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - South Australia Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Tasmania Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Victoria Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Western Australia
Fifty Cents 2002 Year of the Outback Fifty Cents 2003 Volunteers Fifty Cents 2004 Fifty Cents 2004 Primary School design Fifty Cents 2005 (PNC only) Fifty Cents 2005 60th Anniversary of the end of WWII
Fifty Cents 2005 Commonwealth Games Fifty Cents 2006 Fifty Cents 2007 Fifty Cents 2008 Fifty Cents 2009 Fifty Cents 2010
Fifty Cents 2010 Australia Day Fifty Cents 2011 Fifty Cents 2012 Fifty Cents 2013 Fifty Cents 2014 AIATSIS Fifty Cents 2014
Fifty Cents 2015 Fifty Cents 2016 Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover Fifty Cents 2017 Fifty Cents 2017 Mabo Fifty Cents 2018