Australia: Coin Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover - detailed information

Australia: Coin Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover
CoinFifty Cents 2016 Changeover

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint’s released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from today and years past. The fifty cent coin shows George Kruger Gray's iconic Ram's Head design which was used on One Shilling coins between 1938 and 1963. Unlike earlier commemorative fifty cent coins, the commemorative design is on the obverse, while the reverse has the traditional Coat of Arms design.

MintRoyal Australian Mint
Obverse

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a coin carrying the iconic "Ram's Head" design which featured on silver shillings in the pre-decimal currency: a merino ram's head facing three-quarters left, between two seven-pointed Federation stars; around above, AUSTRALIA. The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in the field above the star on the right. Denomination and date are not depicted.

Around above, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Around below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse

Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia, based on those authorised by Royal Warrant 19 September 1912 - composed of a shield divided into six parts, each containing a representation of the badge of a State. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu. The shield sits on the denomination numerals, 50 [cents]; above the shield is the Federation star. The entire design is set above a field of stylized wattle leaves.

The artist's initials SD (for Stuart Devlin) in (very) tiny letters are in the field below the numerals.

Reverse Inscription 50
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage unknown
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mintage link
All Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Fifty Cents (72)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Fifty Cents 1966 (round, silver) 36,472,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966
Fifty Cents 1969 14,028,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1969
Fifty Cents 1970 James Cook 16,555,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1970
Fifty Cents 1971 21,066,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1971
Fifty Cents 1972 5,596,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1972
Fifty Cents 1973 4,019,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1973
Fifty Cents 1974 8,973,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1974
Fifty Cents 1975 19,048,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1975
Fifty Cents 1976 27,301,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1976
Fifty Cents 1977 Coat of Arms unknown Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Fifty Cents 1977 Silver Jubilee 25,131,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Fifty Cents 1978 25,804,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Fifty Cents 1978 Fiji Mule unknown Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Fifty Cents 1979 24,922,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1979
Fifty Cents 1980 38,749,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1980
Fifty Cents 1981 24,254,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Fifty Cents 1981 Royal Wedding 20,000,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Fifty Cents 1982 XII Commonwealth Games 49,600,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1982
Fifty Cents 1983 49,003,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1983
Fifty Cents 1984 26,342,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
Fifty Cents 1985 1,075,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Fifty Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Fifty Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Fifty Cents 1988 Coat of Arms unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Fifty Cents 1988 Bicentenary 8,206,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Fifty Cents 1989 (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
Fifty Cents 1990 (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
Fifty Cents 1991 25th Anniversary of Decimal Currency 4,700,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Fifty Cents 1992 (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1992
Fifty Cents 1993 1,000,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1993
Fifty Cents 1994 International Year of the Family 21,239,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1994
Fifty Cents 1995 50th Anniversary of the End of WW2 15,908,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1995
Fifty Cents 1996 19,297,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1996
Fifty Cents 1997 4,340,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1997
Fifty Cents 1998 Bass and Flinders 22,422,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1998
Fifty Cents 1999 20,346,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1999
Fifty Cents 2000 Millennium 16,665,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Fifty Cents 2000 Royal Visit 5,100,000 Portrait by Vladimir Gottwald ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2000
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australia 43,209,600 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australian Capital Territory 2,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - New South Wales 3,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Norfolk Island 2,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Northern Territory 2,100,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Queensland 2,300,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - South Australia 2,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Tasmania 2,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Victoria 2,800,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Western Australia 2,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001
Fifty Cents 2002 Year of the Outback 11,546,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2002
Fifty Cents 2003 Volunteers 13,927,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2003
Fifty Cents 2004 17,918,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Fifty Cents 2004 Primary School design 10,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2004
Fifty Cents 2005 (PNC only) 30,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2005 60th Anniversary of the end of WWII 26,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2005 Commonwealth Games 20,500,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2005
Fifty Cents 2006 59,300,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Fifty Cents 2007 19,900,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2007
Fifty Cents 2008 33,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2008
Fifty Cents 2009 19,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
Fifty Cents 2010 22,200,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Fifty Cents 2010 Australia Day 11,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Fifty Cents 2011 14,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
Fifty Cents 2012 17,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
Fifty Cents 2013 18,800,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2013
Fifty Cents 2014 17,700,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Fifty Cents 2014 AIATSIS 3,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2014
Fifty Cents 2015 19,400,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2015
Fifty Cents 2016 15,700,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover 6,910,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Fifty Cents 2017 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Fifty Cents 2017 Mabo unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2017
Fifty Cents 2018 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2018
Advertising
Royal Mint Bullion
Royal Mint Bullion
Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeFifty Cents Circulating Commemorative
Issued2016
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Face Value50 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
Mintage6,910,000 (6.9 million)
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerStuart Devlin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeDodecagon - twelve sides
Size (mm)31.6500
Mass (g)15.5500
Share or Bookmark this Page