Five Marks, Coin Type from Germany - detailed information

Five Marks, Coin Type from Germany (issued 1951 - 2001)
Coin TypeFive Marks

The Five Marks coin, abbreviated 5 DM and known in English as 5 German Marks, was the largest circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002. The denomination was also served by a banknote from 1992.

The coins were struck by five different mints in parallel:
- Berlin Mint - mint mark A (from 1991; Berlin was in a different country - the German Democratic Republic - before that)
- Munich Mint - mint mark D
- Stuttgart Mint - mint mark F
- Karlsruhe Mint - mint mark G
- Hamburg Mint - mint mark J

In 1998, the Stuttgart Mint and the Karlsruhe Mint merged to form the Staatliche Münzen Baden-Württemberg (SMBW) - State Mints of Baden-Württemberg, but retained their separate mint marks.

The coins were initially made of silver (1951 - 1974) but this was later changed to three-layered coins, with CuproNickel outer layers and a Nickel core and with a new design; the silver coins were demonetised in 1975. There was also an extensive series of commemorative 5 Marks coins (listed separately).

The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom" (same as on the 2 DM coins).

In 1999, the Deutsche Mark was replaced by the Euro; its coins and banknotes remained in circulation, defined in terms of euros, until the introduction of euro notes and coins on 1 January 2002. The Deutsche Mark ceased to be legal tender immediately upon the introduction of the euro - in contrast to the other eurozone nations, where the euro and legacy currency circulated side by side for up to two months. Mark coins and banknotes continued to be accepted as valid forms of payment in Germany until 28 February 2002.

Obverse
Germany / Five Marks - obverse photo

There were two different obverse designs:

Between 1951 and 1974, the silver 5 Mark coins depicted, within a beaded circle, the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head turned to the right (i.e. facing left on the coin), its wings open and with open feathering. There was no inscription.

Between 1975 and 2001, the nickel 5 Mark coins had a different rendition of the Federal Eagle of Germany[year] underneath, and the mint mark (a letter representing the mint which struck the coin).

Obverse Inscription[year]
Reverse
Germany / Five Marks - reverse photo

There were two different reverse designs:

Between 1951 and 1974, the silver 5 Mark coins had, within a beaded circle, a design featuring text only. At centre, the numeral of the value: 5; around, the denomination DEUTSCHE MARK (German Mark) separated by four-pointed stars from the date: + [year] +. All around that, the legend · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·, meaning Federal Republic of Germany, and the mint mark (below the date).

Between 1975 and 2001, the nickel 5 Mark coins had, at centre, the numeral of the value 5 incuse within a rounded square which is in relief; this resembles a TV screen, thus the nickname "the TV fiver" for the coin.

Around above, the legend · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·. Around below, the denomination DEUTSCHE MARK (German Mark).

Reverse Inscription5 DEUTSCHE MARK · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)
Edge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
All Coins of Type: Five Marks (46)
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Five Marks 1951 79,800,000 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1956 3,360,023 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1957 4,988,000 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1958 3,443,100 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1959 1,901,000 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1960 4,926,050 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1961 2,382,000 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1963 5,552,100 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1964 6,086,600 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1965 14,352,313 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1966 20,004,170 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1967 11,335,500 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1968 5,678,023 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1969 10,113,700 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1970 14,015,340 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1971 20,037,000 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1972 23,025,100 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1973 15,118,100 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1974 17,924,000 Federal Eagle of Germany (none)
Five Marks 1975 251,506,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1975
Five Marks 1976 30,917,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1976
Five Marks 1977 32,460,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1977
Five Marks 1978 30,432,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1978
Five Marks 1979 30,712,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1979
Five Marks 1980 32,380,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1980
Five Marks 1981 32,264,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1981
Five Marks 1982 34,602,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1982
Five Marks 1983 24,300,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1983
Five Marks 1984 23,256,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1984
Five Marks 1985 19,219,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1985
Five Marks 1986 19,176,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1986
Five Marks 1987 26,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1987
Five Marks 1988 46,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1988
Five Marks 1989 66,180,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1989
Five Marks 1990 80,580,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1990
Five Marks 1991 90,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1991
Five Marks 1992 80,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1992
Five Marks 1993 16,245,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1993
Five Marks 1994 20,225,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1994
Five Marks 1995 (mint sets only) 325,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1995
Five Marks 1996 (mint sets only) 475,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1996
Five Marks 1997 (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1997
Five Marks 1998 (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1998
Five Marks 1999 (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 1999
Five Marks 2000 (mint sets only) 575,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 2000
Five Marks 2001 (mint sets only) 1,040,000 Federal Eagle of Germany 2001
Advertising
Bullion Star - Preserve and Protect Your Wealth in Singapore
Bullion Star - Preserve and Protect Your Wealth in Singapore
Five Marks: Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyDeutsche Mark
Sub-types Five Marks, Silver
Five Marks, Nickel
From1951
To2001
Face Value5 (x Mark)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2002)
Material
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)
Mass (g)
Advertising (helps this site)
Buy coins at Amazon