Two Marks, Coin Type from Germany - detailed information

Two Marks, Coin Type from Germany (issued 1951 - 2001)
Coin TypeTwo Marks

The Two Marks coin, abbreviated 2 DM and known in English as 2 German Marks, was a relatively large circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002. The coinage was first issued under Allied occupation after World War II, by the "Bank deutscher Länder" (Bank of the German States) from 1950, then by the Deutsche Bundesbank (German Federal Bank) since 1957.

The coins were struck by five different mints:
- Berlin Mint - mint mark A (from 1991; Berlin was in a different country - the German Democratic Republic - before that)
- Munich Mint - mint mark D
- Stuttgart Mint - mint mark F
- Karlsruhe Mint - mint mark G
- Hamburg Mint - mint mark J

In 1998, the Stuttgart Mint and the Karlsruhe Mint merged to form the Staatliche Münzen Baden-Württemberg (SMBW) - State Mints of Baden-Württemberg, but retained their separate mint marks.

Unlike the smaller denominations, which had the same appearance throughout their existence, the 2 Marks saw several different designs:
- the initial design (similar to the 1 Mark coin) was only issued in 1951 and was demonetised in 1958
- 2 Marks with the portrait of Max Planck were issued from 1957 to 1971 and were demonetised in 1973
- 2 Marks with the portrait of Konrad Adenauer were issued from 1969 to 1987
- 2 Marks with the portrait of Theodor Heuss were issued from 1970 to 1987
- 2 Marks with the portrait of Kurt Schumacher were issued from 1979 to 1993
- 2 Marks with the portrait of Ludwig Erhard were issued from 1988 to 2001
- 2 Marks with the portrait of Franz Josef Strauß (Strauss) were issued from 1990 to 2001
- 2 Marks with the portrait of Willy Brandt were issued from 1994 to 2001

Note that after 1969, new designs (featuring portraits of politicians) did not supplant the previous ones; older designs continued to be issued and used in parallel.

The coins are made of copper-nickel, with composition Cu (copper) 75%, Ni (nickel) 25%; coins of the "politicians" series which started in 1969 had three layers, with CuproNickel outer layers and a Nickel core. The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom".

In 1999, the Deutsche Mark was replaced by the Euro; its coins and banknotes remained in circulation, defined in terms of euros, until the introduction of euro notes and coins on 1 January 2002. The Deutsche Mark ceased to be legal tender immediately upon the introduction of the euro - in contrast to the other eurozone nations, where the euro and legacy currency circulated side by side for up to two months. Mark coins and banknotes continued to be accepted as valid forms of payment in Germany until 28 February 2002.

Obverse
Germany / Two Marks - obverse photo

Eight different obverses were used, featuring the German Federal Eagle (1951 only), then the portrait of the scientist Max Planck (1957 - 1971), then portraits of various German politicians: Konrad Adenauer (1969 - 1987), Theodor Heuss (1970 - 1987), Kurt Schumacher (1979 - 1993), Ludwig Erhard (1988 - 2001), Franz Josef Strauß (1990 - 2001) and Willy Brandt (1994 - 2001).

Obverse Inscription
Reverse
Germany / Two Marks - reverse photo

After the first (one-year type) issue in 1950, the reverse showed at its centre the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head turned to the right, its wings open but with closed feathering. The date: [year] is above its head, and the mint mark of the mint which produced the coin is under its right foot.

Around left, the legend BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around right, facing in the opposite direction, the value and denomination 2 DEUTSCHE MARK (2 German marks).

Reverse InscriptionBUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK [year]
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)
Edge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
All Coins of Type: Two Marks (102)
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Two Marks 1951 75,289,563 Federal Eagle of Germany · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·
Two Marks 1957 Max Planck 27,597,876 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1958 Max Planck 49,601,685 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1959 Max Planck 1,223,062 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1960 Max Planck 14,598,316 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1961 Max Planck 13,506,224 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1962 Max Planck 12,858,250 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1963 Max Planck 18,959,319 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1964 Max Planck 15,764,487 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1965 Max Planck 14,562,603 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1966 Max Planck 19,518,540 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1967 Max Planck 15,582,483 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1968 Max Planck 9,226,153 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1969 Max Planck 10,059,800 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1969 Konrad Adenauer 28,017,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1970 Max Planck 20,393,340 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1970 Konrad Adenauer 28,060,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1970 Theodor Heuss 28,063,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1971 Max Planck 32,919,000 MAX PLANCK * 1858 - 1947 +
Two Marks 1971 Konrad Adenauer 28,011,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1971 Theodor Heuss 28,000,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1972 Konrad Adenauer 28,036,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1972 Theodor Heuss 28,058,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1973 Konrad Adenauer 42,738,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1973 Theodor Heuss 42,768,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1974 Konrad Adenauer 20,257,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1974 Theodor Heuss 20,286,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1975 Konrad Adenauer 17,703,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1975 Theodor Heuss 17,755,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1976 Konrad Adenauer 17,706,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1976 Theodor Heuss 17,686,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1977 Konrad Adenauer 22,774,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1977 Theodor Heuss 22,714,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1978 Konrad Adenauer 12,933,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1978 Theodor Heuss 13,433,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1979 Konrad Adenauer 12,712,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1979 Theodor Heuss 12,712,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1979 Kurt Schumacher 12,712,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1980 Konrad Adenauer 26,000,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1980 Theodor Heuss 8,040,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1980 Kurt Schumacher 8,040,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1981 Konrad Adenauer 31,593,999 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1981 Theodor Heuss 7,964,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1981 Kurt Schumacher 7,664,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1982 Konrad Adenauer 37,222,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1982 Theodor Heuss 12,312,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1982 Kurt Schumacher 12,312,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1983 Konrad Adenauer 6,365,120 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1983 Theodor Heuss 6,290,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1983 Kurt Schumacher 6,290,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1984 Konrad Adenauer 1,966,539 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1984 Theodor Heuss 456,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1984 Kurt Schumacher 456,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1985 Konrad Adenauer 10,219,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1985 Theodor Heuss 10,219,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1985 Kurt Schumacher 10,219,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1986 Konrad Adenauer 10,176,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1986 Theodor Heuss 10,176,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1986 Kurt Schumacher 10,176,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1987 Konrad Adenauer 17,180,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1969
Two Marks 1987 Theodor Heuss 17,180,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 - 1969
Two Marks 1987 Kurt Schumacher 17,180,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1988 Kurt Schumacher 23,330,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1988 Ludwig Erhard 23,330,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1989 Kurt Schumacher 40,180,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1989 Ludwig Erhard 40,180,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1990 Kurt Schumacher 70,840,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1990 Ludwig Erhard 70,840,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1990 Franz Josef Strauß 70,840,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1991 Kurt Schumacher 20,225,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1991 Ludwig Erhard 20,225,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1991 Franz Josef Strauß 20,225,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1992 Kurt Schumacher 36,885,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1992 Ludwig Erhard 36,885,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1992 Franz Josef Strauß 36,885,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1993 Kurt Schumacher 3,225,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1979
Two Marks 1993 Ludwig Erhard 3,225,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1993 Franz Josef Strauß 3,225,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1994 Ludwig Erhard 25,225,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1994 Franz Josef Strauß 25,225,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1994 Willy Brandt 25,325,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1995 Ludwig Erhard 2,800,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1995 Franz Josef Strauß 2,800,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1995 Willy Brandt 3,155,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1996 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 475,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1996 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 475,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1996 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 475,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1997 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1997 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1997 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1998 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1998 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1998 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 1999 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 1999 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 1999 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 2000 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 575,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 2000 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 2000 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 575,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
Two Marks 2001 Ludwig Erhard (mint sets only) 1,040,000 · DEUTSCHE MARK · 1948 1988
Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) 1,040,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Two Marks 2001 Willy Brandt (mint sets only) 1,040,000 · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1994
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Two Marks: Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyDeutsche Mark
Sub-types Two Marks, German Eagle
Two Marks, Max Planck
Two Marks, Konrad Adenauer
Two Marks, Theodor Heuss
Two Marks, Kurt Schumacher
Two Marks, Ludwig Erhard
Two Marks, Franz Josef Strauß
Two Marks, Willy Brandt
From1951
To2001
Face Value2 (x Mark)
CurrentNo (demonetised 2002)
MaterialCuproNickel
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)26.7500
Thickness (mm)1.7900
Mass (g)7
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