|Coin Type||Five Marks, Nickel|
The Five Marks coin, abbreviated 5 DM and known in English as 5 German Marks, was the largest circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.
The coins were initially made of silver but this was later changed to these three-layered coins with CuproNickel outer layer and a Nickel core (which makes the coins magnetic), which also had a new design. There was also an extensive series of commemorative 5 Marks coins (listed separately).
The nickel coins were struck between 1975 and 2001 by five different mints in parallel:
In 1998, the Stuttgart Mint and the Karlsruhe Mint merged to form the Staatliche Münzen Baden-Württemberg (SMBW) - State Mints of Baden-Württemberg, but retained their separate mint marks.
The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom" (same as on the 2 DM coins).
In 1999, the Deutsche Mark was replaced by the Euro; its coins and banknotes remained in circulation, defined in terms of euros, until the introduction of euro notes and coins on 1 January 2002. The Deutsche Mark ceased to be legal tender immediately upon the introduction of the euro - in contrast to the other eurozone nations, where the euro and legacy currency circulated side by side for up to two months. Mark coins and banknotes continued to be accepted as valid forms of payment in Germany until 28 February 2002.
The obverse of the coin depicts, within a beaded circle, the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head turned to the right (i.e. facing left on the coin), its wings open and with open feathering.
Below that is the date: [year].
Below the date, a small letter indicates which mint struck the coin.
At centre, the numeral of the value 5 is incuse within a rounded square which is in relief; this resembles a TV screen, thus the nickname "the TV fiver" for the coin.
Around above, the legend · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.
Around below, the denomination DEUTSCHE MARK (German Mark).
|Reverse Inscription||5 DEUTSCHE MARK · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·|
|Edge||Inscribed (incuse lettering)|
|Edge Inscription||EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT|
|Five Marks 1975||251,506,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1975|
|Five Marks 1976||30,917,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1976|
|Five Marks 1977||32,460,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1977|
|Five Marks 1978||30,432,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1978|
|Five Marks 1979||30,712,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1979|
|Five Marks 1980||32,380,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1980|
|Five Marks 1981||32,264,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1981|
|Five Marks 1982||34,602,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1982|
|Five Marks 1983||24,300,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1983|
|Five Marks 1984||23,256,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1984|
|Five Marks 1985||19,219,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1985|
|Five Marks 1986||19,176,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1986|
|Five Marks 1987||26,180,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1987|
|Five Marks 1988||46,180,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1988|
|Five Marks 1989||66,180,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1989|
|Five Marks 1990||80,580,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1990|
|Five Marks 1991||90,225,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1991|
|Five Marks 1992||80,225,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1992|
|Five Marks 1993||16,245,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1993|
|Five Marks 1994||20,225,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1994|
|Five Marks 1995 (mint sets only)||325,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1995|
|Five Marks 1996 (mint sets only)||475,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1996|
|Five Marks 1997 (mint sets only)||575,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1997|
|Five Marks 1998 (mint sets only)||575,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1998|
|Five Marks 1999 (mint sets only)||575,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||1999|
|Five Marks 2000 (mint sets only)||575,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||2000|
|Five Marks 2001 (mint sets only)||1,040,000||Federal Eagle of Germany||2001|
|Sub-type of||Five Marks|
|Face Value||5 (x Mark)|
|Current||No (demonetised 2002)|
|Orientation||Medal Alignment (Axis 0)|