Half Crown, Coin Type from New Zealand - detailed information

Half Crown, Coin Type from New Zealand (issued 1933 - 1965)
Coin TypeHalf Crown

Initially, British and Australian coins circulated in New Zealand. The devaluation of the New Zealand pound relative to sterling in the 1930s led to the issue of distinct New Zealand coins in 1933, in denominations of 3d, 6d, 1s, 2s (the florin) and 2½s (the half-crown), minted in 50% silver until 1946 and in cupro-nickel from 1947. In 1940, bronze ½d and 1d coins were introduced. All these denominations were the same size and weight as their equivalents in the Australian and UK coinage (although Australia never minted the half-crown).

According to Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966, the original specifications for the coin were (in measurement units of the time):

Diameter of Coin: 1.272 inches
Standard Weight: 218.18181 grains
Remedy Allowance (margin of error in weight): 1.216 grains

In regards to statistics, it has to be noted that the mintage figures provided by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand include, in some cases (like the 1953 mintages), the proof issue of the year while in most other cases they do not.

According to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the total mintage of the denomination during its existence was 21,808,164 (22 mln).

Counting the (few) known proof mintages, the total mintage adds up to 21,833,434 (22 mln).

Of them, 9,801,404 (10 mln) were silver and 12,032,030 (12 mln) were cupronickel.

Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

During the existence of the denomination, ruling monarchs for whom half crowns were minted were King George V, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II. No coins were minted for King Edward VIII during his short reign.

After the Independence of India in 1947, the title "Emperor" was dropped from the legend of King George VI.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

Shield of Arms of the Dominion of New Zealand on their shield (quartered with the Southern Cross, a wheat sheaf, a lamb suspended by a ribbon and mining hammers crossed divided by three ships) surmounted by the Royal Crown and surrounded by ornamentation inspired by Maori carvings; around, NEW ZEALAND HALF CROWN; below, the date; in small letters to right of date the artist's initials K.G. ([George] Kruger Gray).

Reverse InscriptionNEW ZEALAND HALF CROWN [year]
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
All Coins of Type: Half Crown (21)
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Half Crown 1933 New Zealand / Half Crown 1933 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1933 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,000,020
Half Crown 1934 New Zealand / Half Crown 1934 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1934 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,720,020
Half Crown 1935 New Zealand / Half Crown 1935 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1935 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 612,364
Half Crown 1937 New Zealand / Half Crown 1937 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1937 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 672,200
Half Crown 1940 (Centennial) New Zealand / Half Crown 1940 (Centennial) - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1940 (Centennial) - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 100,800
Half Crown 1941 New Zealand / Half Crown 1941 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1941 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 776,000
Half Crown 1942 New Zealand / Half Crown 1942 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1942 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 240,000
Half Crown 1943 New Zealand / Half Crown 1943 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1943 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,120,000
Half Crown 1944 New Zealand / Half Crown 1944 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1944 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 180,000
Half Crown 1945 New Zealand / Half Crown 1945 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1945 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 420,000
Half Crown 1946 New Zealand / Half Crown 1946 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1946 - obverse photo Material: Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 960,000
Half Crown 1947 New Zealand / Half Crown 1947 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1947 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,600,020
Half Crown 1948 New Zealand / Half Crown 1948 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1948 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,400,000
Half Crown 1949 New Zealand / Half Crown 1949 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1949 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,800,000
Half Crown 1950 New Zealand / Half Crown 1950 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1950 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,600,000
Half Crown 1951 New Zealand / Half Crown 1951 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1951 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,200,000
Half Crown 1953 New Zealand / Half Crown 1953 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1953 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 127,000
Half Crown 1961 Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 80,000
Half Crown 1962 New Zealand / Half Crown 1962 - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1962 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 600,000
Half Crown 1963 Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 400,000
Half Crown 1965 (mint sets only) New Zealand / Half Crown 1965 (mint sets only) - reverse photo New Zealand / Half Crown 1965 (mint sets only) - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 225,010
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Half Crown: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
Sub-types Half Crown (Silver)
Half Crown (CuproNickel)
From1933
To1965
Face Value2 1/2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
Material
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)32
Mass (g)14.1000
Half Crown: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1/2 Crown, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Shield of Arms of New Zealand (1933 - 1937, 1941 - 1965).
Source
Proof Coin - 1/2 Crown, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Centennial Half Crown (1940).
Source
Proof Coin - 1/2 Crown, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1933 - 1935).
Source
Proof Coin - 1/2 Crown, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor (1937 - 1947).
Source
New Zealand 1948 1/2 crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1948 - 1951).
Source
Proof Coin - 1/2 Crown, New Zealand, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1965).
Source