New Zealand: Coin Half Crown 1933 - detailed information

New Zealand: Coin Half Crown 1933
CoinHalf Crown 1933

The silver coins from 3 pence to half crown denominations dated 1933 were the first coins issued by the Dominion of New Zealand. Prior to this date the coinage of Great Britain circulated in New Zealand (by agreement seignorage accruing from the placement of British coins into circulation in New Zealand was shared between the British and New Zealand governments). Problems with this system arose in the early 1930s when the value of the pound sterling moved higher than that of New Zealand. It became profitable to remove British coin from circulation in New Zealand and return it to Britain. At the same time Australian silver coin was imported. Embargoes failed to change either situation and in July 1931 a private Bill was introduced to Parliament recommending a local coinage. This eventually became the New Zealand Coinage Act 1933.

Discussions between Britain and New Zealand on the mechanics of introducing the new coinage and the removal of the old took place between 1931 and 1933. The new coinage would be struck on the British silver standard of that time, .500 fine, and New Zealand agreed that the Royal Mint would re-strike all British coins then circulating in New Zealand to the New Zealand designs. Australian silver coins were also sent to London for melting, not because either government accepted liability for any nominal value of the Australian pieces, but because they were still being struck at the old .925, sterling silver, quality.

Initially the Royal Mint and the New Zealand Numismatic Society worked together on designs and Kruger Gary and Percy Metcalf prepared drawings. These were believed to have been approved by the New Zealand Prime Minister who was in London as a delegate to the World Economic Conference. However, a committee had been established in New Zealand, apparently including James Berry, and this committee forwarded new sketches to London in 1933. Kruger Gray was then given the task of converting these drafts to workable dies. The first denomination shipped was the half crown (in October 1933) followed by sixpences in December. Some florins were struck in 1933 but not shipped until 1934 while the 3 pence and shilling denominations, though bearing the date 1933 were not struck until 1934. The crown, designed to commemorate the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, was postponed until requirements for the more important circulating denominations were filled, in 1935.

The obverse design for all denominations, a crowned head of King George V, was that newely modelled by Percy Metcalf and authorised for use on the Southern Rhodesia coinage from 1932.

In addition to the working strikes, the Royal Mint also produced about 20 proof copies of each denomination as record pieces.

MintRoyal Mint
Obverse
New Zealand / Half Crown 1933 - obverse photo

Crowned and draped bust of King George V facing left (portrait by Percy Metcalfe) extending to the rim of the coin; the designer's initials are not displayed. Around, divided by the bust, the monarch's legend: GEORGE V KING EMPEROR.

Obverse Inscription GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Reverse
New Zealand / Half Crown 1933 - reverse photo

Shield of Arms of the Dominion of New Zealand: a shield quartered with the Southern Cross, a wheat sheaf, a lamb suspended by a ribbon and mining hammers crossed divided by three ships, surmounted by the Royal Crown and surrounded by ornamentation inspired by Maori carvings; around, NEW ZEALAND HALF CROWN; below, the date 1933; in small letters to right of date the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray).

Reverse Inscription NEW ZEALAND HALF CROWN 1933
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

Original information:

- 63rd Annual Report of the Deputy Master and Comptroller of the Royal Mint, 1932, p.8
- 64th Annual Report of the Deputy Master and Comptroller of the Royal Mint, 1933, p.6-8

Half Crown 1933: Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage 20 (included in total)
NotesMintage is estimated.
Half Crown 1933: References to Information Used
Half Crown 1933 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: New Zealand Dollar (NZD)
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
See FAQ before use! This is not a proper prediction!
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 992.43 1,000.75 1,009.07 1,017.38
Royal MintAlmost Uncirculated (aUNC) 349.74 346.71 343.68 340.66
Royal MintExtra Fine (EF, XF) 109.15 107.93 106.71 105.49
Royal MintVery Fine (VF) 31.56 29.93 28.30 26.67
Royal MintFine (F) 16.48 16.93 17.39 17.84
Half Crown 1933 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: US Dollar (USD)
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
See FAQ before use! This is not a proper prediction!
Royal MintProofProof 574.88 554.82 534.75 514.69
Royal MintBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 264.12 254.31 244.49 234.68
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 170.23 163.92 157.61 151.30
Royal MintExtra Fine (EF, XF) 45.82 45.55 45.28 45.01
Royal MintVery Fine (VF) 20.71 20.68 20.66 20.64
Royal MintFine (F) 10.11 10.76 11.41 12.06
Historic values in NZD for Half Crown 1933 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for Half Crown 1933 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for Half Crown 1933 / Proof / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
All Coins of Country: New Zealand, Type: Half Crown (21)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Half Crown 1933 2,000,020 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust) GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1934 2,720,020 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust) GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1935 612,364 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust) GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1937 672,200 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1940 (Centennial) 100,800 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1941 776,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1942 240,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1943 1,120,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1944 180,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1945 420,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1946 960,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1947 1,600,020 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Half Crown 1948 1,400,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Half Crown 1949 2,800,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Half Crown 1950 3,600,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Half Crown 1951 1,200,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Half Crown 1953 127,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND +
Half Crown 1961 80,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND +
Half Crown 1962 600,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND +
Half Crown 1963 400,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND +
Half Crown 1965 (mint sets only) 225,010 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND +
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Half Crown 1933: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
Coin TypeHalf Crown (Silver)
Issued1933
MonarchKing George V
EffigyPortrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust)
Face Value2 1/2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
Mintage2,000,020 (2.0 million)
MaterialSilver
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)32
Mass (g)14.1000
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Half Crown 1933: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1/2 Crown, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Proof Coin - 1/2 Crown, New Zealand, 1933
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
New Zealand 1933 1/2 crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
New Zealand 1933 1/2 crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Half Crown 1933: Catalogue Reference IDs