Penny, Coin Type from New Zealand - detailed information

Penny, Coin Type from New Zealand (issued 1940 - 1965)
Coin TypePenny

Initially, British and Australian coins circulated in New Zealand. The devaluation of the New Zealand pound relative to sterling in the 1930s led to the issue of distinct New Zealand coins in 1933, in denominations of 3d, 6d, 1s, 2s (the florin) and 2½s (the half-crown), minted in 50% silver until 1946 and in cupro-nickel from 1947.

In 1940, bronze ½d and 1d coins were introduced. All these denominations were the same size and weight as their equivalents in the Australian and UK coinage (although Australia never minted the half-crown).

The specifications for the coin were (in measurement units of the time):

Diameter of Coin: 1.215 inches
Standard Weight: 145.83333 grains
Remedy Allowance (margin of error in weight): Not exceeding weight of one piece in 40 pieces.

The composition of the metal was:
1940, 1945-1959: 95.5% copper, 3% tin and 1.5% zinc
1941-1945, 1960-1965: 97% copper, 0.5% tin and 2.5% zinc.

In regards to statistics, it has to be noted that the mintage figures provided by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand include, in some cases (like the 1953 mintages), the proof issue of the year while in most other cases they do not.

According to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the total mintage of the denomination during its existence was 138,099,000 (138 mln). Counting the (few) known proof mintages, the total mintage adds up to 138,124,015 (138 mln).

Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

During the existence of the denomination, ruling monarchs were King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.

After the Independence of India in 1947, the title "Emperor" was dropped from the legend of King George VI.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

A tui bird perched in a setting of yellow kowhai blossoms.

The reverse of this coin was designed by Leonard Cornwall Mitchell (1901-1971), born in Wellington. He was an important 20th Century New Zealand commercial artist and graphic designer. He completed a signwriting apprenticeship in Palmerston North, then worked at the "Government Publicity Department". Designed posters, booklet covers as well as coins as designing over 90 NZ stamps. Father of artist and owner of Wellington's mid century "Lambton Art Galleries" Victor Leonard William Mitchell.

Reverse Inscription NEW ZEALAND ONE PENNY [year]
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Pepping, Robert. 2017. New Zealand History Coined. Wellington, New Zealand. pp 88-96.

Coin Type: Penny - (25) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Penny 1940 New Zealand / Penny 1940 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1940 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,424,005
Penny 1941 New Zealand / Penny 1941 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1941 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,200,000
Penny 1942 New Zealand / Penny 1942 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1942 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,120,000
Penny 1943 New Zealand / Penny 1943 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1943 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,400,000
Penny 1944 New Zealand / Penny 1944 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1944 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,696,000
Penny 1945 New Zealand / Penny 1945 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1945 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,764,000
Penny 1946 New Zealand / Penny 1946 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1946 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,720,000
Penny 1947 New Zealand / Penny 1947 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1947 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,880,000
Penny 1949 New Zealand / Penny 1949 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1949 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,016,000
Penny 1950 New Zealand / Penny 1950 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1950 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,784,000
Penny 1951 New Zealand / Penny 1951 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1951 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,888,000
Penny 1952 New Zealand / Penny 1952 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1952 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,800,000
Penny 1953 New Zealand / Penny 1953 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1953 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,407,000
Penny 1954 New Zealand / Penny 1954 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1954 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,080,000
Penny 1955 New Zealand / Penny 1955 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1955 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,720,000
Penny 1956 New Zealand / Penny 1956 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1956 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,600,000
Penny 1957 New Zealand / Penny 1957 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1957 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,400,000
Penny 1958 New Zealand / Penny 1958 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1958 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 10,800,000
Penny 1959 New Zealand / Penny 1959 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1959 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 8,400,000
Penny 1960 New Zealand / Penny 1960 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1960 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,200,000
Penny 1961 New Zealand / Penny 1961 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1961 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 7,200,000
Penny 1962 New Zealand / Penny 1962 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1962 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,000,000
Penny 1963 New Zealand / Penny 1963 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1963 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,400,000
Penny 1964 New Zealand / Penny 1964 - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1964 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 18,000,000
Penny 1965 (mint sets only) New Zealand / Penny 1965 (mint sets only) - reverse photo New Zealand / Penny 1965 (mint sets only) - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 225,010
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Penny: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
From1940
To1965
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
MaterialBronze
DesignerLeonard Cornwall Mitchell
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size30.860 mm
Mass9.450 g
Penny: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, New Zealand, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Tui bird reverse (1940 - 1965).
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor (1940 - 1947).
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, New Zealand, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1949 - 1952).
Source
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, New Zealand, 1964
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1965).
Source