Half Sovereign (Decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Half Sovereign (Decimal), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1980 - )
Coin TypeHalf Sovereign (Decimal)

The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling. Struck from 1817 until the present time, it was originally a circulating coin (see pre-decimal Sovereign) accepted in Britain and elsewhere in the world; it is now a bullion coin not intended for circulation, the intrinsic value of which is much higher than its face value.

The Royal Mint issues several denominations of the Sovereign: Five Sovereigns (Quintuple Sovereign, five pounds gold), Double Sovereign, Full Sovereign, Half Sovereign and Quarter Sovereign; the half sovereign is a continuation of the pre-decimal half sovereign, and has been issued as a decimal coin since 1980.

The designs of all denominations are identical, as - according to tradition - this type of coin has never had its value and denomination spelled out anywhere on the coin. The various denominations are only distinguished by size and weight, these being exactly in proportion to their face value. Since 1817, the composition has always been 22 carat (91.7%) gold.

In most recent years, the reverse has had Benedetto Pistrucci's design of Saint George and the Dragon; from time to time though - starting in 1989 - the Royal Mint issues one year type coins with different designs, as a celebration for major events (usually Royal in nature).

Obverse
United Kingdom / Half Sovereign (Decimal) - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend in Latin.

Obverse InscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Half Sovereign (Decimal) - reverse photo

Reverse designs as described in individual listings below.

Reverse Inscription[year]
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for half sovereign coins is 20 mm.

On 15 February 1971, known as Decimal Day, the United Kingdom decimalised its currency. While gold half sovereign coins continued to be produced exactly as before, they were now legally equal to half Pound Sterling of the new, decimal currency; so, technically speaking, a post-1971 gold half sovereign (while identical in any other respect but the date to its predecessors) is a new type of coin. See: pre-decimal half sovereign (1817 - 1953).

All Coins of Type: Half Sovereign (Decimal) (43)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Half Sovereign 1980 (Proof only) 76,700 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Half Sovereign 1982 2,519,090 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Half Sovereign 1983 (Proof only) 19,710 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Half Sovereign 1984 (Proof only) 12,410 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Half Sovereign 1985 (Proof only) 9,951 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1986 (Proof only) 4,575 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1987 (Proof only) 8,187 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1988 (Proof only) 7,074 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1989 500th Anniversary 21,824 Seated on Throne, by Bernard Sindall ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Half Sovereign 1990 (Proof only) 4,231 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1991 (Proof only) 3,588 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1992 (Proof only) 3,783 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1993 (Proof only) 2,910 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1994 (Proof only) 5,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1995 (Proof only) 4,900 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1996 (Proof only) 5,730 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1997 (Proof only) 7,500 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI · GRA · REG · F · D
Half Sovereign 1998 (Proof only) 6,147 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 1999 (Proof only) 9,403 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2000 154,280 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2001 99,359 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2002 Golden Jubilee 71,347 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2003 52,686 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2004 39,370 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2005 35,310 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2006 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2007 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2008 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2009 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2010 21,855 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2011 unknown Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2012 Diamond Jubilee 4,440 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2013 2,914 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2014 2,039 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 2,204 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2015 (Fifth Portrait, Proof only) 348 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Half Sovereign 2016 (Fifth Portrait) 472 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Half Sovereign 2016 90th Birthday Portrait 1,995 Portrait by James Butler ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF
Half Sovereign 2017 (Bullion) unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Half Sovereign 2017 Garter 4,648 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Half Sovereign 2018 Sapphire Jubilee 5,100 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Half Sovereign 2019 (Proof only) unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Half Sovereign 2020 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
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Half Sovereign (Decimal): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-types Half Sovereign, St George (Decimal)
Half Sovereign, One year types (Decimal)
From1980
Face Value1/2 (x Pound)
CurrentYes
Material0.9167 Gold
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)19.3000
Thickness (mm)0.9900
Mass (g)3.9900