One Cent, Coin Type from United States - detailed information

One Cent, Coin Type from United States (issued 1793 - )
Coin TypeOne Cent

The United States one-cent coin (often called a penny) is a unit of currency equalling one-hundredth of a United States dollar. The cent's symbol is ¢. It has been the lowest-value physical unit of U.S. currency since the abolition of the half-cent in 1857. The coin's obverse has featured the profile of President Abraham Lincoln since 1909, the centennial of his birth. From 1959 (the sesquicentennial, or 150 years anniversary, of Lincoln's birth) to 2008, the reverse featured the Lincoln Memorial. Four different reverse designs in 2009 honoured Lincoln's 200th birthday and a new, "permanent" reverse - the Union Shield - was introduced in 2010. The coin is 0.75 inches (19.05 mm) in diameter and 0.0598 inches (1.52 mm) in thickness. Its weight has varied, depending upon the composition of metals used in its production. Initially it was large and made of copper, then smaller and copper-nickel for a short period, then even smaller and made of bronze (to 1982) or copper-clad zinc (1982 to present) with the exception of 1943 when the coin was made of steel.

The coins were initially struck exclusively by the Philadelphia Mint from 1793 to 1907, then also the San Francisco Mint (since 1909, mint mark S) and the Denver Mint (since 1911, mint mark D). The West Point Mint issues collector pennies only (2019, W).

The U.S. Mint's official name for the coin is "cent" and the U.S. Treasury's official name is "one cent piece". The colloquial term "penny" derives from the British coin of the same name, the pre-decimal version of which had a similar place in the British system. In American English, pennies is the plural form. The plural form "pence" - standard in British English - is not used in American English.

Obverse
United States / One Cent - obverse photo

There have been a number of different obverse designs during the existence of the denomination:

Flowing Hair Liberty (1793). Within a plain rim, the head of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: 1793.

Liberty Cap (1793 - 1796). Head of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair tied with a ribbon. Behind her, a pole with a Phrygian Cap - a symbol of liberty dating back to Ancient Rome where such caps were worn by emancipated ex-slaves. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Draped Bust (1796 - 1807). Draped bust of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair tied with a ribbon. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Classic Head (1808 - 1814). Within a denticled (toothed) border, the bust of Liberty, facing left, with long curly hair tied with a fillet (ribbon). On the ribbon, the inscription LIBERTY. Thirteen six-pointed stars (seven around left and six around right) represent the first thirteen states that formed the United States. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Liberty Head (1816 - 1857). Within a denticled (toothed) border, the head of Liberty, facing left, with long hair tied back in a bun. She wears a coronet or diadem, on which the inscription LIBERTY is in relief. All around, thirteen six-pointed stars represent the first thirteen states that formed the United States. Below, the date of issue: [year].
There were three sub-types varying in the style of the portrait: the Matron Head (1816 - 1836), Young Head (1837 - 1839), and Braided Hair (1839 - 1857).

Flying Eagle (1856 - 1858). Within a denticled (toothed) border, an eagle flying to left. Around above, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Indian Head (1859 - 1909). A representation of Liberty, facing left and wearing an American Indian headdress made of feathers, and a pearl necklace. The ribbon holding the headdress carries the inscription LIBERTY in relief. Around left and right, interrupted by Liberty's headdress, the llegend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Abraham Lincoln (1910 - present). Within a plain rim, the bust of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, facing right. In tiny incuse letters on the shoulder truncation, the designer's initials VDB (for Victor David Brenner). Around above, the inscription IN GOD WE TRUST. To the left of the bust, LIBERTY. To the right of the bust and slightly lower, the date of issue: [year]. Below the date, the mint mark (if any; coins struck by the Philadelphia Mint have no mint mark).

Obverse Inscription IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY [year]
Reverse
United States / One Cent - reverse photo

There have been a number of different reverse designs during the existence of the denomination:

Chain Reverse (1793). The central motif of the reverse is an interlocking chain with fifteen links, representing the fifteen American states in existence at the time the coin was issued. The value and denomination are expressed both in words: ONE CENT and as a fraction of a dollar: 1/100, within the chain. Along the outer rim, the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

First Wreath Reverse (1793 - 1807). On two lines at its centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath. Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the value of the coin expressed as a fraction of the dollar: 1/100. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Second Wreath Reverse (1808 - 1857). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by an alive and laurel wreath. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Third Wreath Reverse (1857 - 1859). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath composed of leaves of wheat, corn, cotton and tobacco. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value.

Fourth Wreath Reverse (1859). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a laurel wreath. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value.

Wreath and Shield (1860 - 1909). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value, holding also three arrows. Above the value, a small shield with seven horizontal stripes above and six vertical stripes below, representing the 13 original states forming the United States.

Wheat Penny (1909 - 1958). The value and denomination ONE CENT are on two lines at the centre, below which on two lines the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. On the left and on the right, two ears of wheat. Above, the motto E · PLURIBUS · UNUM.

Lincoln Memorial (1959 - 2008). The design features the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above; below it, on two lines E · PLURIBUS · UNUM ·. The value and denomination ONE CENT are around below.

Lincoln Bicentennial Cents (2009). Four different designs commemorating 200 years since the birth of Abraham Lincoln, representing different stages of his life: Birth and Childhood, Formative Years, Professional Life and Presidency.

Union Shield (2010 - present). The Union Shield of the United States is at the centre. It has 13 vertical stripes representing the 13 original states forming the United States; the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM is incuse in its upper part. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above and the value and denomination ONE CENT are in relief on a ribbon running across the shield.

Reverse Inscription ONE CENT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA E PLURIBUS UNUM
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

For coins of other countries denominated as One Cent, see:
- One Cent, Sarawak - issued 1863 to 1941, demonetised 1953
- One Cent, British North Borneo - issued 1882 to 1941, demonetised 1953
- One Cent, British Honduras - issued 1885 to 1973, demonetised 1981
- One Cent, South Africa - issued 1961 to 2001, withdrawn 2003
- One Cent, Australia - issued 1966 to 1991, withdrawn 1992 (occasionally issued later as NCLT)
- One Cent, Bahamas - issued 1966 to present
- One Cent, New Zealand - issued 1967 to 1988, demonetised 1990

Coin Type: One Cent - (238) Coins (Page 3 of 3)
Coin NameMintageSymbol / PortraitLegend
One Cent 1987 Lincoln Memorial 9,566,084,173 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1987
One Cent 1988 Lincoln Memorial 11,349,813,391 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1988
One Cent 1989 Lincoln Memorial 12,610,222,305 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1989
One Cent 1990 Lincoln Memorial 11,777,959,092 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1990
One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial 9,327,253,863 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1991
One Cent 1992 Lincoln Memorial 9,101,754,860 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1992
One Cent 1993 Lincoln Memorial 12,114,750,363 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1993
One Cent 1994 Lincoln Memorial 13,635,884,923 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1994
One Cent 1995 Lincoln Memorial 13,542,797,481 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1995
One Cent 1996 Lincoln Memorial 13,125,785,265 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1996
One Cent 1997 Lincoln Memorial 9,202,151,678 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1997
One Cent 1998 Lincoln Memorial 10,259,595,007 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1998
One Cent 1999 Lincoln Memorial 11,601,012,966 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 1999
One Cent 2000 Lincoln Memorial 14,281,467,993 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2000
One Cent 2001 Lincoln Memorial 10,337,774,606 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2001
One Cent 2002 Lincoln Memorial 7,292,066,995 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2002
One Cent 2003 Lincoln Memorial 6,851,298,439 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2003
One Cent 2004 Lincoln Memorial 6,838,965,522 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2004
One Cent 2005 Lincoln Memorial 7,705,715,179 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2005
One Cent 2006 Lincoln Memorial 8,238,749,158 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2006
One Cent 2007 Lincoln Memorial 7,140,855,049 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2007
One Cent 2008 Lincoln Memorial 5,422,860,489 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2008
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Birth and Childhood 639,364,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Formative Years 744,164,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Professional Life 656,564,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Presidency 332,164,843 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2009
One Cent 2010 Union Shield 4,013,687,010 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2010
One Cent 2011 Union Shield 4,940,213,010 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2011
One Cent 2012 Union Shield 6,016,439,148 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2012
One Cent 2013 Union Shield 7,071,274,505 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2013
One Cent 2014 Union Shield 8,147,590,369 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2014
One Cent 2015 Union Shield 9,366,399,412 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2015
One Cent 2016 Union Shield 9,119,377,355 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2016
One Cent 2017 Union Shield 8,635,224,477 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2017
One Cent 2018 Union Shield 7,804,298,163 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2018
One Cent 2019 Union Shield 7,042,653,642 Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2019
One Cent 2020 Union Shield unknown Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2020
One Cent 2021 Union Shield unknown Abraham Lincoln IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY 2021
Showing 201 to 238 of 238 Coins.
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One Cent: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Sub-types One Cent, Flowing Hair
One Cent, Liberty Cap
One Cent, Draped Bust
One Cent, Classic Head
One Cent, Liberty Head
One Cent, Flying Eagle
One Cent, Indian Head
One Cent, Lincoln
From1793
Face Value1 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
Material
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size
Mass