One Cent, Coin Type from United States - detailed information

One Cent, Coin Type from United States (issued 1793 - )
Coin TypeOne Cent

The United States one-cent coin (often called a penny) is a unit of currency equalling one-hundredth of a United States dollar. The cent's symbol is ¢. It has been the lowest-value physical unit of U.S. currency since the abolition of the half-cent in 1857. The coin's obverse has featured the profile of President Abraham Lincoln since 1909, the centennial of his birth. From 1959 (the sesquicentennial, or 150 years anniversary, of Lincoln's birth) to 2008, the reverse featured the Lincoln Memorial. Four different reverse designs in 2009 honoured Lincoln's 200th birthday and a new, "permanent" reverse - the Union Shield - was introduced in 2010. The coin is 0.75 inches (19.05 mm) in diameter and 0.0598 inches (1.52 mm) in thickness. Its weight has varied, depending upon the composition of metals used in its production. Initially it was large and made of copper, then smaller and copper-nickel for a short period, then even smaller and made of bronze (to 1982) or copper-clad zinc (1982 to present) with the exception of 1943 when the coin was made of steel.

The coins were initially struck exclusively by the Philadelphia Mint from 1793 to 1907, then also the San Francisco Mint (since 1909, mint mark S) and the Denver Mint (since 1911, mint mark D). The West Point Mint issues collector pennies only (2019, W).

The U.S. Mint's official name for the coin is "cent" and the U.S. Treasury's official name is "one cent piece". The colloquial term "penny" derives from the British coin of the same name, the pre-decimal version of which had a similar place in the British system. In American English, pennies is the plural form. The plural form "pence" - standard in British English - is not used in American English.

Obverse
United States / One Cent - obverse photo

There have been a number of different obverse designs during the existence of the denomination:

Flowing Hair Liberty (1793). Within a plain rim, the head of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: 1793.

Liberty Cap (1793 - 1796). Head of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair tied with a ribbon. Behind her, a pole with a Phrygian Cap - a symbol of liberty dating back to Ancient Rome where such caps were worn by emancipated ex-slaves. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Draped Bust (1796 - 1807). Draped bust of Liberty, facing right, with flowing long hair tied with a ribbon. Around above, LIBERTY. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Classic Head (1808 - 1814). Within a denticled (toothed) border, the bust of Liberty, facing left, with long curly hair tied with a fillet (ribbon). On the ribbon, the inscription LIBERTY. Thirteen six-pointed stars (seven around left and six around right) represent the first thirteen states that formed the United States. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Liberty Head (1816 - 1857). Within a denticled (toothed) border, the head of Liberty, facing left, with long hair tied back in a bun. She wears a coronet or diadem, on which the inscription LIBERTY is in relief. All around, thirteen six-pointed stars represent the first thirteen states that formed the United States. Below, the date of issue: [year].
There were three sub-types varying in the style of the portrait: the Matron Head (1816 - 1836), Young Head (1837 - 1839), and Braided Hair (1839 - 1857).

Flying Eagle (1856 - 1858). Within a denticled (toothed) border, an eagle flying to left. Around above, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Indian Head (1859 - 1909). A representation of Liberty, facing left and wearing an American Indian headdress made of feathers, and a pearl necklace. The ribbon holding the headdress carries the inscription LIBERTY in relief. Around left and right, interrupted by Liberty's headdress, the llegend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Around below, the date of issue: [year].

Abraham Lincoln (1910 - present). Within a plain rim, the bust of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, facing right. In tiny incuse letters on the shoulder truncation, the designer's initials VDB (for Victor David Brenner). Around above, the inscription IN GOD WE TRUST. To the left of the bust, LIBERTY. To the right of the bust and slightly lower, the date of issue: [year]. Below the date, the mint mark (if any; coins struck by the Philadelphia Mint have no mint mark).

Obverse Inscription IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY [year]
Reverse
United States / One Cent - reverse photo

There have been a number of different reverse designs during the existence of the denomination:

Chain Reverse (1793). The central motif of the reverse is an interlocking chain with fifteen links, representing the fifteen American states in existence at the time the coin was issued. The value and denomination are expressed both in words: ONE CENT and as a fraction of a dollar: 1/100, within the chain. Along the outer rim, the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

First Wreath Reverse (1793 - 1807). On two lines at its centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath. Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the value of the coin expressed as a fraction of the dollar: 1/100. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Second Wreath Reverse (1808 - 1857). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by an alive and laurel wreath. Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Third Wreath Reverse (1857 - 1859). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath composed of leaves of wheat, corn, cotton and tobacco. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value.

Fourth Wreath Reverse (1859). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a laurel wreath. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value.

Wreath and Shield (1860 - 1909). On two lines at centre, the value and denomination: ONE CENT surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. The wreath is tied with a ribbon below the value, holding also three arrows. Above the value, a small shield with seven horizontal stripes above and six vertical stripes below, representing the 13 original states forming the United States.

Wheat Penny (1909 - 1958). The value and denomination ONE CENT are on two lines at the centre, below which on two lines the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. On the left and on the right, two ears of wheat. Above, the motto E · PLURIBUS · UNUM.

Lincoln Memorial (1959 - 2008). The design features the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above; below it, on two lines E · PLURIBUS · UNUM ·. The value and denomination ONE CENT are around below.

Lincoln Bicentennial Cents (2009). Four different designs commemorating 200 years since the birth of Abraham Lincoln, representing different stages of his life: Birth and Childhood, Formative Years, Professional Life and Presidency.

Union Shield (2010 - present). The Union Shield of the United States is at the centre. It has 13 vertical stripes representing the 13 original states forming the United States; the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM is incuse in its upper part. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above and the value and denomination ONE CENT are in relief on a ribbon running across the shield.

Reverse Inscription ONE CENT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA E PLURIBUS UNUM
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

For coins of other countries denominated as One Cent, see:
- One Cent, Sarawak - issued 1863 to 1941, demonetised 1953
- One Cent, British North Borneo - issued 1882 to 1941, demonetised 1953
- One Cent, British Honduras - issued 1885 to 1973, demonetised 1981
- One Cent, South Africa - issued 1961 to 2001, withdrawn 2003
- One Cent, Australia - issued 1966 to 1991, withdrawn 1992 (occasionally issued later as NCLT)
- One Cent, Bahamas - issued 1966 to present
- One Cent, New Zealand - issued 1967 to 1988, demonetised 1990

Coin Type: One Cent - (238) Coins (Page 3 of 3)
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
One Cent 1987 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1987 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1987 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 4,879,389,514
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,682,466,931
- San Francisco Mint: 4,227,728
Total Mintage: 9,566,084,173
One Cent 1988 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1988 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1988 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 6,092,810,000
- Denver Mint: 5,253,740,443
- San Francisco Mint: 3,262,948
Total Mintage: 11,349,813,391
One Cent 1989 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1989 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1989 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 7,261,535,000
- Denver Mint: 5,345,467,111
- San Francisco Mint: 3,220,194
Total Mintage: 12,610,222,305
One Cent 1990 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1990 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1990 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 6,851,765,000
- Denver Mint: 4,922,894,533
- San Francisco Mint: 3,299,559
Total Mintage: 11,777,959,092
One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1991 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 5,165,940,000
- Denver Mint: 4,158,446,076
- San Francisco Mint: 2,867,787
Total Mintage: 9,327,253,863
One Cent 1992 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1992 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1992 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,648,905,000
- Denver Mint: 4,448,673,300
- San Francisco Mint: 4,176,560
Total Mintage: 9,101,754,860
One Cent 1993 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1993 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1993 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 6,426,650,571
- Philadelphia Mint: 5,684,705,000
- San Francisco Mint: 3,394,792
Total Mintage: 12,114,750,363
One Cent 1994 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1994 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1994 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 7,131,765,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 6,500,850,000
- San Francisco Mint: 3,269,923
Total Mintage: 13,635,884,923
One Cent 1995 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1995 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1995 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 7,128,560,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 6,411,440,000
- San Francisco Mint: 2,797,481
Total Mintage: 13,542,797,481
One Cent 1996 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1996 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1996 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 6,612,465,000
- Denver Mint: 6,510,795,000
- San Francisco Mint: 2,525,265
Total Mintage: 13,125,785,265
One Cent 1997 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1997 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1997 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,622,800,000
- Denver Mint: 4,576,555,000
- San Francisco Mint: 2,796,678
Total Mintage: 9,202,151,678
One Cent 1998 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1998 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1998 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 5,225,353,500
- Philadelphia Mint: 5,032,155,000
- San Francisco Mint: 2,086,507
Total Mintage: 10,259,595,007
One Cent 1999 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 1999 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 1999 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 6,360,065,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 5,237,600,000
- San Francisco Mint: 3,347,966
Total Mintage: 11,601,012,966
One Cent 2000 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2000 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2000 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 8,774,220,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 5,503,200,000
- San Francisco Mint: 4,047,993
Total Mintage: 14,281,467,993
One Cent 2001 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2001 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2001 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 5,374,990,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,959,600,000
- San Francisco Mint: 3,184,606
Total Mintage: 10,337,774,606
One Cent 2002 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2002 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2002 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 4,028,055,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,260,800,000
- San Francisco Mint: 3,211,995
Total Mintage: 7,292,066,995
One Cent 2003 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2003 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2003 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 3,548,000,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,300,000,000
- San Francisco Mint: 3,298,439
Total Mintage: 6,851,298,439
One Cent 2004 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2004 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2004 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 3,456,400,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,379,600,000
- San Francisco Mint: 2,965,522
Total Mintage: 6,838,965,522
One Cent 2005 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2005 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2005 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,936,760,000
- Denver Mint: 3,765,610,500
- San Francisco Mint: 3,344,679
Total Mintage: 7,705,715,179
One Cent 2006 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2006 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2006 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,290,847,361
- Denver Mint: 3,944,847,361
- San Francisco Mint: 3,054,436
Total Mintage: 8,238,749,158
One Cent 2007 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2007 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2007 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,613,896,228
- Denver Mint: 3,524,896,028
- San Francisco Mint: 2,062,793
Total Mintage: 7,140,855,049
One Cent 2008 Lincoln Memorial United States / One Cent 2008 Lincoln Memorial - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2008 Lincoln Memorial - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 2,850,345,464
- Philadelphia Mint: 2,570,345,464
- San Francisco Mint: 2,169,561
Total Mintage: 5,422,860,489
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Birth and Childhood United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Birth and Childhood - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Birth and Childhood - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 351,184,614
- Philadelphia Mint: 285,184,614
- San Francisco Mint: 2,995,615
Total Mintage: 639,364,843
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Formative Years United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Formative Years - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Formative Years - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 376,784,614
- Denver Mint: 364,384,614
- San Francisco Mint: 2,995,615
Total Mintage: 744,164,843
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Professional Life United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Professional Life - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Professional Life - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 336,784,614
- Philadelphia Mint: 316,784,614
- San Francisco Mint: 2,995,615
Total Mintage: 656,564,843
One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Presidency United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Presidency - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial - Presidency - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 198,784,614
- Philadelphia Mint: 130,384,614
- San Francisco Mint: 2,995,615
Total Mintage: 332,164,843
One Cent 2010 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2010 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2010 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 2,047,783,897
- Philadelphia Mint: 1,964,213,897
- San Francisco Mint: 1,689,216
Total Mintage: 4,013,687,010
One Cent 2011 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2011 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2011 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 2,536,140,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 2,402,400,000
- San Francisco Mint: 1,673,010
Total Mintage: 4,940,213,010
One Cent 2012 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2012 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2012 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,132,000,000
- Denver Mint: 2,883,200,000
- San Francisco Mint: 1,239,148
Total Mintage: 6,016,439,148
One Cent 2013 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2013 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2013 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,750,400,000
- Denver Mint: 3,319,600,000
- San Francisco Mint: 1,274,505
Total Mintage: 7,071,274,505
One Cent 2014 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2014 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2014 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: 4,155,600,000
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,990,800,000
- San Francisco Mint: 1,190,369
Total Mintage: 8,147,590,369
One Cent 2015 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2015 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2015 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,691,300,000
- Denver Mint: 4,674,000,000
- San Francisco Mint: 1,099,412
Total Mintage: 9,366,399,412
One Cent 2016 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2016 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2016 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,698,000,000
- Denver Mint: 4,420,400,000
- San Francisco Mint: 977,355
Total Mintage: 9,119,377,355
One Cent 2017 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2017 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2017 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,361,220,000
- Denver Mint: 4,272,800,000
- San Francisco Mint: 1,204,477
Total Mintage: 8,635,224,477
One Cent 2018 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2018 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2018 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 4,066,800,000
- Denver Mint: 3,736,400,000
- San Francisco Mint: 1,098,163
Total Mintage: 7,804,298,163
One Cent 2019 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2019 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2019 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Philadelphia Mint: 3,542,800,000
- Denver Mint: 3,497,600,000
- West Point Mint: 1,263,780
- San Francisco Mint: 989,862
Total Mintage: 7,042,653,642
One Cent 2020 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2020 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2020 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: unknown
- San Francisco Mint: unknown
- Philadelphia Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: unknown
One Cent 2021 Union Shield United States / One Cent 2021 Union Shield - reverse photo United States / One Cent 2021 Union Shield - obverse photo Material: Copper plated zinc
Mints:
- Denver Mint: unknown
- San Francisco Mint: unknown
- Philadelphia Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: unknown
Showing 201 to 238 of 238 Coins.
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One Cent: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Sub-types One Cent, Flowing Hair
One Cent, Liberty Cap
One Cent, Draped Bust
One Cent, Classic Head
One Cent, Liberty Head
One Cent, Flying Eagle
One Cent, Indian Head
One Cent, Lincoln
From1793
Face Value1 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
Material
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size
Mass