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Detailed information about Coin: One Dollar 1990 from New Zealand

Coin: One Dollar 1990
Description

The New Zealand one dollar coin replaced the earlier banknote in February 1991, when coins dated 1990 were first issued. These first coins have now been in circulation for almost 28 years.

The depiction of a kiwi on the reverse helps give the New Zealand dollar the colloquial name "Kiwi (dollar)", although the term was in use before the $1 coin was introduced.

CountryNew Zealand CurrencyNew Zealand Dollar
Face value1 (x Dollar) TypeOne Dollar (small)
Year1990 CurrentYes
Mintage40,018,000 (40.0 million) RarityC (Common)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 40,018,000 (40.0 million), Rarity: C (Common)
MaterialAluminium-Bronze DesignerRobert Maurice Conly
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)23 Thickness (mm)2.7400
Mass (g)8
Obverse

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait"); incuse in tiny letters on neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1990.

Obverse inscription ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1990
Reverse

The reverse of the coin depicts two symbols of New Zealand: a kiwi facing left in the centre, surrounded by four fronds of the silver fern (Cyathea dealbata). Both the kiwi and the silver ferns sit above the legend reading the denomination ONE DOLLAR.

Kiwi are a significant national icon, equally cherished by all cultures in New Zealand. Kiwi are a symbol for the uniqueness of New Zealand wildlife. They are most commonly forest dwellers, making daytime dens and nests in burrows, hollow logs or under dense vegetation. Kiwi are the only bird to have nostrils at the end of their very long bill. Their nostrils are used to probe in the ground, sniffing out invertebrates to eat, along with some fallen fruit.

Reverse inscriptionONE DOLLAR
EdgeMilled (interrupted, in eight sections) Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

The 1990 New Zealand brilliant uncirculated mint sets (mintage 18,000) and proof sets (mintage 10,000) were produced by the Royal Mint (London) as evidenced by the text in the cardboard inserts, and not by the Royal Australian Mint as Krause catalogues say.

One Dollar 1990: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
In sets 18,000 (included in main number)
Silver Proof 10,000
One Dollar 1990: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Zealand KM# 78
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Zealand KM# 78a (Silver proof)
One Dollar 1990: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Mint link
Royal Mint 1990 Mint Sets and proofs mint
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Mintage link Circulation mintage
Royal Mint 1990 Mintage Sets and proofs mintage
Royal Mint Varieties Sets and silver proofs
One Dollar 1990 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: NZD. See FAQ before use!
Years
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
Royal MintSilver ProofProof 44.81 44.39 43.97 43.55
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 3.98 3.95 3.91 3.87
One Dollar 1990 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: USD. See FAQ before use!
Years
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
Royal MintIn setsGem Uncirculated 4.98 4.93 4.88 4.82
Royal MintIn setsBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 4.81 4.71 4.62 4.52
Royal MintIn setsUncirculated (UNC) 3.83 3.75 3.67 3.59
Royal MintSilver ProofProof FDC 24.91 24.65 24.38 24.11
Royal MintSilver ProofProof 28.72 28.11 27.50 26.89
Royal MintGem Uncirculated 3.49 3.45 3.41 3.38
Royal MintBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 2.29 1.83 1.37 0.91
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 1.36 1.10 0.85 0.60
Royal MintExtra Fine (EF, XF) 0.96 0.94 0.92 0.90
Historic values in NZD for One Dollar 1990 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in NZD for One Dollar 1990 / Silver Proof / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for One Dollar 1990 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for One Dollar 1990 / Silver Proof / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for One Dollar 1990 / In sets / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
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List of all (56) coins of type: New Zealand / One Dollar
One Dollar 1967 One Dollar 1969 Captain Cook One Dollar 1970 Cook Islands One Dollar 1970 Mount Cook (Royal Visit) One Dollar 1971 One Dollar 1972
One Dollar 1973 One Dollar 1974 Commonwealth Games One Dollar 1974 New Zealand Day One Dollar 1975 One Dollar 1976 One Dollar 1977 Waitangi Day
One Dollar 1978 Opening of Parliament (Beehive) One Dollar 1979 One Dollar 1980 Fantail One Dollar 1981 Royal Visit One Dollar 1982 Takahe Bird One Dollar 1983 Royal Visit
One Dollar 1983 50 Years NZ Coinage One Dollar 1984 Black Robin One Dollar 1985 Black Stilt One Dollar 1986 Royal Visit One Dollar 1986 Kakapo One Dollar 1987 National Parks
One Dollar 1988 Penguin One Dollar 1989 Runner One Dollar 1989 Gymnast One Dollar 1989 Swimmer One Dollar 1989 Weight lifter One Dollar 1990 Treaty of Waitangi
One Dollar 1990 One Dollar 1991 One Dollar 1992 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1993 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1994 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1995 (mint sets only)
One Dollar 1996 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1997 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1998 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1999 (mint sets only) One Dollar 2000 One Dollar 2001 (mint sets only)
One Dollar 2002 One Dollar 2003 One Dollar 2004 One Dollar 2005 One Dollar 2006 (mint sets only) One Dollar 2007 (mint sets only)
One Dollar 2008 One Dollar 2009 (mint sets only) One Dollar 2010 One Dollar 2011 (mints sets only) One Dollar 2012 (mints sets only) One Dollar 2013
One Dollar 2014 (Proof only) One Dollar 2015