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Detailed information about Coin: Two Dollars 1990 from New Zealand

Coin: Two Dollars 1990
Description

The New Zealand two-dollar coin is the largest-denomination coin of the New Zealand dollar. It was introduced along with the small circulating one-dollar coin in 1990. Both are made from an alloy of aluminium and brass. It is also the largest and heaviest coin in circulation.

Coins issued in 1990 have now been in circulation for 28 years.

CountryNew Zealand CurrencyNew Zealand Dollar
Face value2 (x Dollar) TypeTwo Dollars
Year1990 CurrentYes
Mintage30,018,000 (30.0 million) RarityC (Common)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 30,018,000 (30.0 million), Rarity: C (Common)
MaterialAluminium-Bronze DesignerRobert Maurice Conly
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)26.5000 Thickness (mm)2.7000
Mass (g)10
Obverse

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait"); incuse in tiny letters on neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1990.

Obverse inscription ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1990
Reverse

The reverse features an eastern great egret (a type of white heron, Ardea alba modesta; in Maori: kotuku) below curved decorations. The bird is sacred to New Zealand's indigenous Māori people, and highly endangered within the country, only inhabiting the Okarito Lagoon on the South Island.

Kotuku or white heron have always been rare in New Zealand and are revered by both Māori and pakeha for its elegant white feathers. This graceful bird has long, slender legs and a long, thin S-shaped neck, which has a distinct kink when flying. Kotuku are specially adapted for wading in shallow, muddy waterways: it has long legs that are bare of feathers to well above the ankle joint and long spreading toes. In New Zealand it only breeds near Whataroa, South Westland, between September and January.

The value and denomination, TWO DOLLARS, is curved below the bird.

Reverse inscriptionTWO DOLLARS
EdgeGrooved Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

The 1990 New Zealand brilliant uncirculated mint sets (mintage 18,000) and proof sets (mintage 10,000) were produced by the Royal Mint (London) as evidenced by the text in the cardboard inserts, and not by the Royal Australian Mint as Krause catalogues say.

Two Dollars 1990: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
In sets 18,000 (included in main number)
Silver Proof 10,000
Two Dollars 1990: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Zealand KM# 79
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Zealand KM# 79a (Silver Proof)
Two Dollars 1990: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Mint link Circulation mint
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Mintage link Circulation mintage
Royal Mint 1990 Mintage Sets and proofs mintage
Royal Mint 1990 Varieties Sets and proofs
Two Dollars 1990 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: NZD. See FAQ before use!
Years
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
Royal MintSilver ProofProof 44.81 44.39 43.97 43.55
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 4.98 4.93 4.89 4.84
Two Dollars 1990 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: USD. See FAQ before use!
Years
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
Royal MintIn setsGem Uncirculated 5.48 5.42 5.36 5.30
Royal MintIn setsBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 4.81 4.71 4.62 4.52
Royal MintIn setsUncirculated (UNC) 2.87 2.81 2.75 2.69
Royal MintSilver ProofProof FDC 14.95 14.79 14.63 14.47
Royal MintSilver ProofProof 24.78 24.44 24.10 23.76
Royal MintGem Uncirculated 4.98 4.93 4.88 4.82
Royal MintBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 3.17 2.84 2.50 2.17
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 2.12 1.96 1.80 1.64
Royal MintExtra Fine (EF, XF) 1.91 1.87 1.83 1.79
Historic values in NZD for Two Dollars 1990 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in NZD for Two Dollars 1990 / Silver Proof / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for Two Dollars 1990 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for Two Dollars 1990 / Silver Proof / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for Two Dollars 1990 / In sets / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
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List of all (27) coins of type: New Zealand / Two Dollars
Two Dollars 1990 Two Dollars 1991 Two Dollars 1992 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 1993 Kingfisher Two Dollars 1994 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 1995 (mint sets only)
Two Dollars 1996 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 1997 Two Dollars 1998 Two Dollars 1999 Two Dollars 2000 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 2001
Two Dollars 2002 Two Dollars 2003 Two Dollars 2004 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 2005 Two Dollars 2006 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 2007 (mint sets only)
Two Dollars 2008 Two Dollars 2009 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 2010 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 2011 Two Dollars 2012 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 2013 (mint sets only)
Two Dollars 2014 Two Dollars 2015 Two Dollars 2016