New Zealand: Coin One Dollar 1991 - detailed information

New Zealand: Coin One Dollar 1991
CoinOne Dollar 1991

The New Zealand one dollar coin replaced the earlier banknote in February 1991. The depiction of a kiwi on the reverse helps give the New Zealand dollar the colloquial name "Kiwi (dollar)", although the term was in use before the $1 coin was introduced.

Coins issued in 1991 have now been in circulation for 27 years.

Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 10,000,000 (10.0 million)
Royal Australian Mint No mint mark 35,000 (35000)
Obverse
New Zealand / One Dollar 1991 - obverse photo

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait"); incuse in tiny letters on neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1991.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1991
Reverse
New Zealand / One Dollar 1991 - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin depicts two symbols of New Zealand: a kiwi facing left in the centre, surrounded by four fronds of the silver fern (Cyathea dealbata). Both the kiwi and the silver ferns sit above the legend reading the denomination ONE DOLLAR.

Kiwi are a significant national icon, equally cherished by all cultures in New Zealand. Kiwi are a symbol for the uniqueness of New Zealand wildlife. They are most commonly forest dwellers, making daytime dens and nests in burrows, hollow logs or under dense vegetation. Kiwi are the only bird to have nostrils at the end of their very long bill. Their nostrils are used to probe in the ground, sniffing out invertebrates to eat, along with some fallen fruit.

Reverse Inscription ONE DOLLAR
EdgeMilled (interrupted, in eight sections)
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

The Royal Australian Mint produced 20,000 brilliant uncirculated sets and 15,000 proof sets.

One Dollar 1991: Known varieties
Variety In sets (Royal Australian Mint)
Mintage 20,000 (included in total)
Variety Proof (Royal Australian Mint)
Mintage 15,000 (included in total)
One Dollar 1991: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 1991 Mint Proof and sets mint
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Mintage link Circulation mintage
Royal Australian Mint 1991 Mintage Proof and sets mintage
Royal Australian Mint 1991 Varieties Proof and sets
One Dollar 1991 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: New Zealand Dollar (NZD)
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
See FAQ before use! This is not a proper prediction!
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 4.98 4.93 4.89 4.84
One Dollar 1991 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: US Dollar (USD)
MintVarietyGrade2018201920202021
See FAQ before use! This is not a proper prediction!
Royal MintGem Uncirculated 3.49 3.45 3.41 3.38
Royal MintBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 2.29 1.83 1.37 0.91
Royal MintUncirculated (UNC) 1.36 1.10 0.85 0.60
Royal MintExtra Fine (EF, XF) 0.96 0.94 0.92 0.90
Royal Australian MintIn sets (Royal Australian Mint)Gem Uncirculated 4.98 4.93 4.88 4.82
Royal Australian MintIn sets (Royal Australian Mint)Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) 4.81 4.71 4.62 4.52
Royal Australian MintIn sets (Royal Australian Mint)Uncirculated (UNC) 3.04 3.01 2.99 2.96
Royal Australian MintProof (Royal Australian Mint)Proof FDC 14.95 14.79 14.63 14.47
Royal Australian MintProof (Royal Australian Mint)Proof 19.15 18.74 18.34 17.93
Historic values in NZD for One Dollar 1991 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for One Dollar 1991 / Proof (Royal Australian Mint) / Royal Australian Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for One Dollar 1991 / In sets (Royal Australian Mint) / Royal Australian Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for One Dollar 1991 / Royal Mint / (generated 8/2018). Inflation-corrected to 2017.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
All Coins of Country: New Zealand, Type: One Dollar (56)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Dollar 1967 300,010 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1967
One Dollar 1969 Captain Cook 500,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1969
One Dollar 1970 Mount Cook (Royal Visit) 335,010 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1970
One Dollar 1970 Cook Islands 30,100 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1970
One Dollar 1971 50,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1971
One Dollar 1972 53,045 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1972
One Dollar 1973 53,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1973
One Dollar 1974 Commonwealth Games 533,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1974
One Dollar 1974 New Zealand Day 55,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1974
One Dollar 1975 50,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1975
One Dollar 1976 58,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1976
One Dollar 1977 Waitangi Day 117,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II QUEEN OF NEW ZEALAND SILVER 1977 JUBILEE E II R ACCESSION 6 Feb. 1952
One Dollar 1978 Opening of Parliament (Beehive) 156,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II QUEEN OF NEW ZEALAND 1978 E II R CORONATION 2 June 1953
One Dollar 1979 110,000 Portrait by James Berry ELIZABETH II QUEEN OF NEW ZEALAND 1979
One Dollar 1980 Fantail 159,000 Portrait by James Berry ELIZABETH II QUEEN OF NEW ZEALAND 1980
One Dollar 1981 Royal Visit 138,000 Portrait by James Berry ELIZABETH II QUEEN OF NEW ZEALAND 1981
One Dollar 1982 Takahe Bird 100,000 Portrait by James Berry ELIZABETH II QUEEN OF NEW ZEALAND 1982
One Dollar 1983 Royal Visit 57,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1983
One Dollar 1983 50 Years NZ Coinage 100,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1983
One Dollar 1984 Black Robin 95,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1984
One Dollar 1985 Black Stilt 85,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1985
One Dollar 1986 Royal Visit 52,500 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
One Dollar 1986 Kakapo 73,500 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1986
One Dollar 1987 National Parks 73,500 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1987
One Dollar 1988 Penguin 63,500 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1988
One Dollar 1989 Runner 43,600 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1989
One Dollar 1989 Gymnast 43,600 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1989
One Dollar 1989 Swimmer 43,600 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1989
One Dollar 1989 Weight lifter 43,600 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1989
One Dollar 1990 Treaty of Waitangi 60,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1990
One Dollar 1990 40,018,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1990
One Dollar 1991 10,035,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1991
One Dollar 1992 (mint sets only) 24,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1992
One Dollar 1993 (mint sets only) 25,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1993
One Dollar 1994 (mint sets only) 20,600 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1994
One Dollar 1995 (mint sets only) 9,560 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1995
One Dollar 1996 (mint sets only) 9,150 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1996
One Dollar 1997 (mint sets only) 6,282 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1997
One Dollar 1998 (mint sets only) 6,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND 1998
One Dollar 1999 (mint sets only) 4,999 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 1999
One Dollar 2000 5,003,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2000
One Dollar 2001 (mint sets only) 4,274 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2001
One Dollar 2002 8,005,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2002
One Dollar 2003 4,004,496 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2003
One Dollar 2004 2,705,750 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2004
One Dollar 2005 2,006,250 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2005
One Dollar 2006 (mint sets only) 5,100 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2006
One Dollar 2007 (mint sets only) 9,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2007
One Dollar 2008 11,008,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2008
One Dollar 2009 (mint sets only) 3,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2009
One Dollar 2010 10,003,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2010
One Dollar 2011 (mints sets only) 3,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2011
One Dollar 2012 (mints sets only) 3,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2012
One Dollar 2013 10,083,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2013
One Dollar 2014 (Proof only) 1,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2014
One Dollar 2015 10,000,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II 2015
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One Dollar 1991: Details
CountryNew Zealand
CurrencyNew Zealand Dollar
Coin TypeOne Dollar (small)
Issued1991
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Face Value1 (x Dollar)
CurrentYes
Mintage10,035,000 (10.0 million)
MaterialAluminium-Bronze
DesignerRobert Maurice Conly
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)23
Thickness (mm)2.7400
Mass (g)8
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One Dollar 1991: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - 1 Dollar, New Zealand, 1991
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - 1 Dollar, New Zealand, 1991
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
One Dollar 1991: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Zealand KM# 78