Threepence 1843 (Maundy), Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Threepence 1843 (Maundy), Coin from United Kingdom
CoinThreepence 1843 (Maundy)

The Maundy threepence (or three pence) coin is the second highest denomination of Maundy money - coins specially minted in varying (but always small) mintage for ceremonial purposes and not intended as circulating currency. They are usually handed by the British monarch in person to selected deserving individuals once every year. They are issued in "prooflike" condition and usually remain in it, especially the more recent ones. Each recipient receives two purses: a red one with ordinary coins, and a white purse containing a particular amount (which varies every year) made up of one, two, three and four pence Maundy coins. Since the amounts are not always divisible by ten, the number (and mintage) of the respective denominations differ; in other words, they cannot always all be cleanly combined into a number of full sets. Note also that the coins are initially in purses; the sets that appear on the market are made from these later, and are not issued as sets by the Royal Mint.

The Royal Maundy is an ancient ceremony which has its origin in the commandment Christ gave after washing the feet of his disciples on the day before Good Friday. The commandment (also known as a "mandatum" from which the word Maundy is derived) "that ye love one another" (John XIII 34) is still recalled regularly by Christian churches throughout the world. The ceremony of washing the feet of the poor which was accompanied by gifts of food and clothing can be traced back to the fourth century.

Maundy money has remained in much the same form since 1670, and the coins used for the Maundy ceremony have traditionally been struck in sterling silver, save for the brief interruptions of King Henry VIII’s debasement of the coinage and the general change to 50% silver coins in 1920. The sterling silver standard (92.5%) was resumed following the Coinage Act of 1946. The current reverse was designed by Jean Baptiste Merlen in 1822 and has been issued every year since then with only minor modifications.

Beginning in 1834, threepence pieces were also struck for circulation bearing the same design as the Maundy threepence. The circulation pieces were initially struck for use in the West Indies, but beginning in 1845, were coined for use in Britain as well. Many of the threepences presented to impoverished Maundy recipients were spent and are rarer than the other denominations today.

Maundy threepences may sometimes be distinguished from currency threepences as dies with a more polished field were used for the Maundy pieces. The design of the circulation threepence remained the same as that of the Maundy threepence until 1928, when a new design was introduced for the circulating coins. Twopence coins identical to Maundy pieces, intended for colonial use, were struck in 1838, 1843, and 1848.

On Decimal Day 15 February 1971, the pound sterling became decimalised, with 100 new pence instead of 20 shillings of 12 pence (240 pence) in a pound. No change was made to the design of the Maundy pieces, and all Maundy pieces, both pre- and post-Decimal Day are deemed current and denominated in new pence. The series continues as a decimal threepence.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage4,158
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Obverse
United Kingdom / Threepence 1843 (Maundy) - obverse photo

Young effigy of Queen Victoria, facing left; the portrait is by William Wyon and is widely known as her "Young Head".

The Queen's hair is bound with a double fillet (ribbon) and collected into a knot behind.

Around, the monarch's legend: VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:. Translated from Latin: Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the Britains, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Reverse

Within an open oak wreath, the numeral value 3 [pence].

Above the value, St Edward's Crown. Named after Saint Edward the Confessor, it has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century (with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911).

Divided by the value, the date of issue: 1843.

Reverse Inscription 3 1843
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Threepence 1843 (Maundy): References to Information Used
Showing 100 from a total of 152 coins of type: Maundy Threepence (Pre-decimal)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Threepence 1817 (Maundy) 1,584 King George III - Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
Threepence 1818 (Maundy) 1,584 King George III - Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
Threepence 1820 (Maundy) 1,320 King George III - Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
Threepence 1822 (Maundy) 3,960 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1823 (Maundy) 2,640 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1824 (Maundy) 2,112 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1825 (Maundy) 3,432 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1826 (Maundy) 3,432 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1827 (Maundy) 3,168 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1828 (Maundy) 3,168 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1829 (Maundy) 3,168 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1830 (Maundy) 3,168 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D. G. BRITANNIAR. REX F. D.
Threepence 1831 (Maundy) 3,960 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Threepence 1832 (Maundy) 2,904 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Threepence 1833 (Maundy) 2,904 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Threepence 1834 (Maundy) 2,904 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Threepence 1835 (Maundy) 2,904 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Threepence 1836 (Maundy) 2,904 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Threepence 1837 (Maundy) 2,904 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Threepence 1838 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1839 (Maundy) 4,125 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1840 (Maundy) 4,125 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1841 (Maundy) 2,574 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1842 (Maundy) 4,125 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1843 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1844 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1845 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1846 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1847 (Maundy) 4,488 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1848 (Maundy) 4,488 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1849 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1850 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1851 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1852 (Maundy) 4,488 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1853 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1854 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1855 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1856 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1857 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1858 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1859 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1860 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1861 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1862 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1863 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1864 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1865 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1866 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1867 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1868 (Maundy) 4,158 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1869 (Maundy) 4,488 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1870 (Maundy) 4,569 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1871 (Maundy) 4,627 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1872 (Maundy) 4,119 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1873 (Maundy) 4,162 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1874 (Maundy) 5,578 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1875 (Maundy) 4,154 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1876 (Maundy) 4,862 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1877 (Maundy) 4,850 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1878 (Maundy) 5,735 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1879 (Maundy) 5,202 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1880 (Maundy) 5,199 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1881 (Maundy) 6,001 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1882 (Maundy) 4,146 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1883 (Maundy) 5,096 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1884 (Maundy) 3,353 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1885 (Maundy) 5,791 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1886 (Maundy) 6,785 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1887 (Maundy) 1,888 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1888 (Maundy) 9,528 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1889 (Maundy) 6,088 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1890 (Maundy) 8,613 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1891 (Maundy) 10,000 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1892 (Maundy) 8,524 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1893 (Maundy) 10,832 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1894 (Maundy) 9,385 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1895 (Maundy) 8,877 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1896 (Maundy) 8,476 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1897 (Maundy) 9,388 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1898 (Maundy) 9,147 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1899 (Maundy) 13,561 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1900 (Maundy) 9,571 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1901 (Maundy) 11,928 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Threepence 1902 (Maundy) 10,117 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1903 (Maundy) 9,729 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1904 (Maundy) 11,568 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1905 (Maundy) 10,998 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1906 (Maundy) 11,065 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1907 (Maundy) 11,132 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1908 (Maundy) 9,929 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1909 (Maundy) 2,428 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1910 (Maundy) 2,755 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Threepence 1911 (Maundy) 1,635 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1912 (Maundy) 1,616 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1913 (Maundy) 1,590 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1914 (Maundy) 1,651 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1915 (Maundy) 1,441 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1916 (Maundy) 1,499 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1917 (Maundy) 1,478 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1918 (Maundy) 1,479 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Showing 1 to 100 of 152 Coins.
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Threepence 1843 (Maundy): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Coin TypeMaundy Threepence (Pre-decimal)
Issued1843
MonarchQueen Victoria
EffigyQueen Victoria - Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head)
ReverseSt Edward's Crown
Face Value3 (x Penny)
Total Mintage4,158
CurrentYes
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size16.000 mm
Mass1.410 g
OCC IDXGAV-POXA-CWAL-EMDY
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Threepence 1843 (Maundy): Catalogue Reference IDs