Florin, Coin Type from Australia - detailed information

Florin, Coin Type from Australia (issued 1910 - 1963)
Coin TypeFlorin

The Australian Florin is a silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal florin, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom). A Florin is equal to two shillings, or 24 pence, or one tenth of a pound.

The reverse of the first type of Australian florin coins features the 1908 Coat of Arms; it became obsolete almost immediately, since Australia received a new Coat of Arms in 1912. In 1938, a new design superseded it - featuring the new Coat of Arms; the old type of coins remained in circulation. Unlike other denominations, some florin circulating commemoratives were also issued.

The coins were struck by five different mints:
- Royal Mint, 1910 - 1915, no mint mark
- Birmingham Mint (ex Heaton and Sons), 1914 - 1915, letter H
- Melbourne Mint, 1916 - 1936, letter M to 1919, then no mint mark
- Sydney Mint, 1924 - 1925, no mint mark
- United States Mint, San Francisco, 1942 - 1944, with S mint mark

Until 1945, the coins were made of sterling silver (92.5%), weighing 11.31 g (0.3636 troy ounces) with an actual silver weight of 10.46 grams (0.3363 oz ASW). This was later debased to 50% silver while retaining the same design.

After decimalisation on 14 February 1966, the florin was re-denominated as 20 cents and continued to circulate for a time, along with the new 20¢ coins which were the same size and weight (but made of copper-nickel). Even though they were practically withdrawn from circulation in 1966, the florin coins were never formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

Obverse
Australia / Florin - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin). Being a Dominion of the British Empire, Australia used the Imperial legend of the monarch and not a "home" version of it.

Throughout the existence of the coin type, the monarchs were:
- King Edward VII, 1910 only, shown in his Crowned bust by George William de Saulles
- King George V, 1911 - 1936, shown in his Crowned bust by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
- King George VI, 1938 - 1952, shown in his Bare Head portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
- Queen Elizabeth II, 1953 - 1963, shown in her First Effigy by Mary Gillick

There were no coins released for King Edward VIII.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
Australia / Florin - reverse photo

The first regular circulating reverse (1910 - 1936) features the Ensigns Armorial of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 7th May 1908:

At centre, simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons (small shields). The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath and on a ribbon at the base, the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed.

Around above, the value and denomination ONE FLORIN - TWO SHILLINGS; below, between arrow heads, the date [year].

The second regular circulating reverse (1938 - 1963) features the arms of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 19 September 1912 - composed of a shield divided into six parts, each containing a representation of the badge of a State (although that of South Australia is depicted as three sheaves of wheat above a rising sun instead of the authorised Piping Shrike).

The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound accompanied by small branches of wattle. Above the shield is a crown instead of the Federation star. Around above, the denomination FLORIN between two seven pointed stars; below, in the exergue, the date [year] curved below which, AUSTRALIA.

The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in the field above the back of the emu.

There were also four different one-year circulating commemorative types:
- the Parliament House Florin in 1927
- the Melbourne Florin (Centenary of Victoria) in 1934
- the Federation Jubilee Florin in 1951
- the Royal Visit Florin in 1954

Reverse Inscription
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for florins is 30mm.

Coin Type: Florin - (52) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Florin 1910 Australia / Florin 1910 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1910 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,259,250
Florin 1911 Australia / Florin 1911 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1911 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 950,000
Florin 1912 Australia / Florin 1912 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1912 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,000,000
Florin 1913 Australia / Florin 1913 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1913 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,200,000
Florin 1914 Australia / Florin 1914 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1914 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 2,300,000
- Birmingham Mint: 500,000
Total Mintage: 2,800,000
Florin 1915 Australia / Florin 1915 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1915 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Birmingham Mint: 750,000
- Royal Mint: 500,000
Total Mintage: 1,250,000
Florin 1916 Australia / Florin 1916 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1916 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,752,025
Florin 1917 Australia / Florin 1917 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1917 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 4,305,000
Florin 1918 Australia / Florin 1918 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1918 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,095,000
Florin 1919 Australia / Florin 1919 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1919 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 1,677,000
Florin 1920 (pattern) Australia / Florin 1920 (pattern) - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1920 (pattern) - obverse photo Material: Debased Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: unknown
Florin 1921 Australia / Florin 1921 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1921 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,247,112
Florin 1922 Australia / Florin 1922 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1922 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,057,858
Florin 1923 Australia / Florin 1923 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1923 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 1,038,464
Florin 1924 Australia / Florin 1924 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1924 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: unknown
- Sydney Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: 1,582,674
Florin 1925 Australia / Florin 1925 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1925 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: unknown
- Sydney Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: 2,960,000
Florin 1926 Australia / Florin 1926 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1926 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: unknown
- Sydney Mint: unknown
Total Mintage: 2,487,250
Florin 1927 Australia / Florin 1927 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1927 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 1,420,970
Florin 1927 Parliament House Australia / Florin 1927 Parliament House - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1927 Parliament House - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,000,400
Florin 1928 Australia / Florin 1928 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1928 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 1,962,000
Florin 1931 Australia / Florin 1931 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1931 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,129,682
Florin 1932 Australia / Florin 1932 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1932 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 188,000
Florin 1933 Australia / Florin 1933 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1933 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 488,000
Florin 1934 Australia / Florin 1934 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1934 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 1,674,100
Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 75,000
Florin 1935 Australia / Florin 1935 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1935 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 915,000
Florin 1936 Australia / Florin 1936 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1936 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,382,000
Florin 1937 (pattern) Australia / Florin 1937 (pattern) - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1937 (pattern) - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Florin 1938 Australia / Florin 1938 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1938 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,990,250
Florin 1939 Australia / Florin 1939 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1939 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 630,000
Florin 1940 Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 8,410,000
Florin 1941 Australia / Florin 1941 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1941 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 7,694,000
Florin 1942 Australia / Florin 1942 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1942 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 17,986,000
- San Francisco Mint: 6,000,000
Total Mintage: 23,986,000
Florin 1943 Australia / Florin 1943 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1943 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 12,762,000
- San Francisco Mint: 11,000,000
Total Mintage: 23,762,000
Florin 1944 Australia / Florin 1944 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1944 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mints:
- Melbourne Mint: 22,440,000
- San Francisco Mint: 11,000,000
Total Mintage: 33,440,000
Florin 1945 Australia / Florin 1945 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1945 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 11,970,000
Florin 1946 Australia / Florin 1946 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1946 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 22,154,000
Florin 1947 Australia / Florin 1947 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1947 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 39,292,800
Florin 1951 Australia / Florin 1951 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1951 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 10,068,000
Florin 1951 Federation Jubilee Australia / Florin 1951 Federation Jubilee - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1951 Federation Jubilee - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 2,000,000
Florin 1952 Australia / Florin 1952 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1952 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 10,044,000
Florin 1953 Australia / Florin 1953 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1953 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 12,658,000
Florin 1954 Australia / Florin 1954 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1954 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 15,366,000
Florin 1954 Royal Visit Australia / Florin 1954 Royal Visit - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1954 Royal Visit - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 4,000,000
Florin 1956 Australia / Florin 1956 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1956 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 8,091,500
Florin 1957 Australia / Florin 1957 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1957 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 9,279,256
Florin 1958 Australia / Florin 1958 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1958 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 8,973,506
Florin 1959 Australia / Florin 1959 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1959 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 3,501,506
Florin 1960 Australia / Florin 1960 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1960 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 15,761,509
Florin 1961 Australia / Florin 1961 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1961 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 9,453,506
Florin 1962 Australia / Florin 1962 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1962 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 13,750,016
Florin 1963 Australia / Florin 1963 - reverse photo Australia / Florin 1963 - obverse photo Material: 0.500 Silver
Mint: Melbourne Mint
Mintage: 12,004,000
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Florin: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Sub-types Florin - 1908 Coat of Arms
Florin 1927 - Parliament House
Florin 1934-35 - Centenary of Melbourne
Florin - 1912 Coat of Arms
Florin 1951 - Federation Jubilee
Florin 1954 - Royal Visit
From1910
To1963
Face Value2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
MaterialSilver
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size28.500 mm
Thickness2.500 mm
Mass11.310 g
Florin: Photos
ImageDetails
Australia 1913 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: 1908 Coat of Arms (1910 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Opening of Parliament House, Canberra Florin, Australia, 1927
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Parliament House (1927).
Source
Australia 1934-35 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Melbourne and Victoria Centenary (1934/5).
Source
Australia 1938 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: 1912 Coat of Arms (1937 -1963).
Source
Pattern Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Jubilee of Federation 1901-1951, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Federation Jubilee (1951).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Royal Visit of Queen Elizabeth II, Australia, 1954
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Royal Visit (1954).
Source
Australia 1910 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1910).
Source
Australia 1911 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Opening of Parliament House, Canberra Florin, Australia, 1927
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, shortened portrait (1927).
Source
Australia 1934-35 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: George V King Emperor (1934/5).
Source
Australia 1938 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor of India (1938 - 1947).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Specimen Strike, Australia, 1952
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1951 - 1952).
Source
Australia 1953 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1954).
Source
Australia 1960 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Defender of the Faith (1954 - 1963).
Source