Florin, Coin Type from Australia - detailed information

Florin, Coin Type from Australia (issued 1910 - 1963)
Coin TypeFlorin

The Australian Florin is a silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal florin, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom). A Florin is equal to two shillings, or 24 pence, or one tenth of a pound.

The reverse of the first type of Australian florin coins features the 1908 Coat of Arms; it became obsolete almost immediately, since Australia received a new Coat of Arms in 1912. In 1938, a new design superseded it - featuring the new Coat of Arms; the old type of coins remained in circulation. Unlike other denominations, some florin circulating commemoratives were also issued.

The coins were struck by five different mints:
- Royal Mint, 1910 - 1915, no mint mark
- Birmingham Mint (ex Heaton and Sons), 1914 - 1915, letter H
- Melbourne Mint, 1916 - 1936, letter M to 1919, then no mint mark
- Sydney Mint, 1924 - 1925, no mint mark
- United States Mint, San Francisco, 1942 - 1944, with S mint mark

Until 1945, the coins were made of sterling silver (92.5%), weighing 11.31 g (0.3636 troy ounces) with an actual silver weight of 10.46 grams (0.3363 oz ASW). This was later debased to 50% silver while retaining the same design.

After decimalisation on 14 February 1966, the florin was re-denominated as 20 cents and continued to circulate for a time, along with the new 20¢ coins which were the same size and weight (but made of copper-nickel). Even though they were practically withdrawn from circulation in 1966, the florin coins were never formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

Obverse
Australia / Florin - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin). Being a Dominion of the British Empire, Australia used the Imperial legend of the monarch and not a "home" version of it.

Throughout the existence of the coin type, the monarchs were:
- King Edward VII, 1910 only, shown in his Crowned bust by George William de Saulles
- King George V, 1911 - 1936, shown in his Crowned bust by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
- King George VI, 1938 - 1952, shown in his Bare Head portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
- Queen Elizabeth II, 1953 - 1963, shown in her First Effigy by Mary Gillick

There were no coins released for King Edward VIII.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
Australia / Florin - reverse photo

The first regular circulating reverse (1910 - 1936) features the Ensigns Armorial of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 7th May 1908:

At centre, simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons (small shields). The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath and on a ribbon at the base, the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed.

Around above, the value and denomination ONE FLORIN - TWO SHILLINGS; below, between arrow heads, the date [year].

The second regular circulating reverse (1938 - 1963) features the arms of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 19 September 1912 - composed of a shield divided into six parts, each containing a representation of the badge of a State (although that of South Australia is depicted as three sheaves of wheat above a rising sun instead of the authorised Piping Shrike).

The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound accompanied by small branches of wattle. Above the shield is a crown instead of the Federation star. Around above, the denomination FLORIN between two seven pointed stars; below, in the exergue, the date [year] curved below which, AUSTRALIA.

The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in the field above the back of the emu.

There were also four different one-year circulating commemorative types:
- the Parliament House Florin in 1927
- the Melbourne Florin (Centenary of Victoria) in 1934
- the Federation Jubilee Florin in 1951
- the Royal Visit Florin in 1954

Reverse Inscription
EdgeEdge Inscription
Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for florins is 30mm.

All (52) Coins of Type: Florin
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Florin 1910 1,259,250 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Crowned Bust) EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1911 950,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1912 1,000,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1913 1,200,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1914 2,800,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1915 1,250,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1916 2,752,025 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1917 4,305,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1918 2,095,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1919 1,677,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1920 (pattern) unknown King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1921 1,247,112 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1922 2,057,858 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1923 1,038,464 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1924 1,582,674 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1925 2,960,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1926 2,487,250 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1927 1,420,970 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1927 Parliament House 2,000,400 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1928 1,962,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1931 3,129,682 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1932 188,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1933 488,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1934 1,674,100 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria 75,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Metcalfe GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Florin 1935 915,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1936 2,382,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Florin 1937 (pattern) unknown None
Florin 1938 2,990,250 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1939 630,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1940 8,410,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1941 7,694,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1942 23,986,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1943 23,762,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1944 33,440,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1945 11,970,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1946 22,154,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1947 39,292,800 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Florin 1951 10,068,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Florin 1951 Federation Jubilee 2,000,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Florin 1952 10,044,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Florin 1953 12,658,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Florin 1954 15,366,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Florin 1954 Royal Visit 4,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1956 8,091,500 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1957 9,279,256 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1958 8,973,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1959 3,501,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1960 15,761,509 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1961 9,453,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1962 13,750,016 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Florin 1963 12,004,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Florin: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Sub-types Florin - 1908 Coat of Arms
Florin 1927 - Parliament House
Florin 1934-35 - Centenary of Melbourne
Florin - 1912 Coat of Arms
Florin 1951 - Federation Jubilee
Florin 1954 - Royal Visit
From1910
To1963
Face Value2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo
MaterialSilver
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)28.5000
Thickness (mm)2.5000
Mass (g)11.3100
Florin: Photos
ImageDetails
Australia 1913 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: 1908 Coat of Arms (1910 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Opening of Parliament House, Canberra Florin, Australia, 1927
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Parliament House (1927).
Source
Australia 1934-35 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Melbourne and Victoria Centenary (1934/5).
Source
Australia 1938 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: 1912 Coat of Arms (1937 -1963).
Source
Pattern Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Jubilee of Federation 1901-1951, Australia, 1951
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Federation Jubilee (1951).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Royal Visit of Queen Elizabeth II, Australia, 1954
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Royal Visit (1954).
Source
Australia 1910 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1910).
Source
Australia 1911 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Opening of Parliament House, Canberra Florin, Australia, 1927
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, shortened portrait (1927).
Source
Australia 1934-35 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: George V King Emperor (1934/5).
Source
Australia 1938 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor of India (1938 - 1947).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), Specimen Strike, Australia, 1952
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1951 - 1952).
Source
Australia 1953 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1954).
Source
Australia 1960 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Defender of the Faith (1954 - 1963).
Source