One Franc, Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

One Franc, Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1850 - )
Coin TypeOne Franc

The One Franc coin is a circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, it has three different names: Franken in German, franc in French and Romansh, and franco in Italian. Initially when federal Swiss coinage was introduced in 1850, all "francs" (including the half franc) were full-bodied silver, while the centimes were either billon (low-grade silver) or base metal.

The first version of the one franc coin featuring a seated figure of Helvetia was designed by Friedrich Fisch and engraved by Antoine Bovy. The reverse shows the value, a numeral 1, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr. within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins. This version was heavier than current coins (5 grams) and made of 0.900 silver. It was issued between 1850 and 1861 and was initially struck by the Paris Mint. It was demonetised in two stages - 1st January 1869 for coins issued 1850-1857, then 1st January 1878 for coins issued in 1860 and 1861.

In 1875, the obverse was changed to a new design by Albert Walch featuring a Standing Helvetia. The metal was somewhat debased to 0.835 silver. This second version of the One Franc was issued until 1967 and was demonetised on 1st April 1971.

Current One Franc coins are made of cupro-nickel and weigh 4.4 grams; this version (retaining the original reverse and the second obverse) was first issued in 1968 and is still currently produced.

Obverse
Switzerland / One Franc - obverse photo

The first version of the obverse (issued between 1850 and 1861) features a seated figure of Helvetia, the female personification of the Confederation of Switzerland, resting on a plough whose two handles are seen to her right, and some grains; with her left hand she holds a triangular shield resting on the ground which bears the Swiss Cross inside an oval; her right arm is extended toward the left side of the obverse, pointing into the distance. The legend HELVETIA is around above her head. The engraver's name A. BOVY is in large letters to her left, written counter-clockwise (i.e. the letters face the opposite way to the legend).

The second obverse (issued from 1875 to the present) features Helvetia standing on a platform, her head facing to the left. In her right hand (at the left), she holds a lance, and with her left (at the right), she props up a shield with the Swiss Cross at centre. In exergue is the legend HELVETIA. On all coins made from 1874 to 1982, there are 22 five-pointed stars along the rim of the coin, going from the lower left to lower right boundaries of the obverse. These represent the 19 full Swiss cantons of the time and the six half-cantons, which are collectively represented by the three remaining stars. However, when the Canton of Jura broke away from Bern in 1979, the number of stars was no longer accurate. As a result, a new star was added to the right of Helvetia's likeness in 1983. On examples of all dates, the tip of Helvetia's lance extends to the rim and separates the ninth and tenth stars in the sequence. Nine of the stars are engraved up to the lance, two between the lance and Helvetia's face, and 11 or 12 to the right of the central allegorical figure, depending on the year of issue.

The engraver's signature, A.BOVY INCT. (an abbreviation for the Latin text "Antoine Bovy incidit", meaning "engraved by Antoine Bovy), is located around below, displayed counter-clockwise in small letters. It is split in two by the legend: "A.BOVY" appears to the left of "HELVETIA", and "INCT." to the right.

Obverse Inscription HELVETIA
Reverse
Switzerland / One Franc - reverse photo

The reverse, which has remained unchanged since 1850, shows the value - a numeral 1, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr., above the date: [year] within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers.

Below the ribbon of the wreath is the mint mark: the letter A for the Paris Mint (1850 and 1851) or the letter B for Swissmint (formerly known as the Bern Mint, then the Federal Mint of Switzerland) from 1875 until present, with the exception of the years between 1970 and 1985 (incl.) when there was no mint mark.

Reverse Inscription 1 Fr. [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: One Franc - (114) Coins (Page 1 of 2)
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
One Franc 1850 Switzerland / One Franc 1850 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1850 - obverse photo Material: 0.900 Silver
Mint: Paris Mint
Mintage: 2,875,000
One Franc 1851 Switzerland / One Franc 1851 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1851 - obverse photo Material: 0.900 Silver
Mint: Paris Mint
Mintage: 2,875,000
One Franc 1857 Switzerland / One Franc 1857 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1857 - obverse photo Material: 0.900 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 526
One Franc 1860 Switzerland / One Franc 1860 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1860 - obverse photo Material: 0.900 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 515,000
One Franc 1861 Switzerland / One Franc 1861 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1861 - obverse photo Material: 0.900 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,002,000
One Franc 1875 Switzerland / One Franc 1875 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1875 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,036,000
One Franc 1876 Switzerland / One Franc 1876 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1876 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,500,000
One Franc 1877 Switzerland / One Franc 1877 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1877 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,520,000
One Franc 1880 Switzerland / One Franc 1880 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1880 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 945,000
One Franc 1886 Switzerland / One Franc 1886 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1886 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,000,000
One Franc 1887 Switzerland / One Franc 1887 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1887 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,000,000
One Franc 1894 Switzerland / One Franc 1894 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1894 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Paris Mint
Mintage: 1,200,000
One Franc 1896 Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 28
One Franc 1898 Switzerland / One Franc 1898 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1898 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 400,000
One Franc 1899 Switzerland / One Franc 1899 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1899 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 400,000
One Franc 1900 Switzerland / One Franc 1900 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1900 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 400,000
One Franc 1901 Switzerland / One Franc 1901 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1901 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 400,000
One Franc 1903 Switzerland / One Franc 1903 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1903 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,000,000
One Franc 1904 Switzerland / One Franc 1904 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1904 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 400,000
One Franc 1905 Switzerland / One Franc 1905 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1905 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 700,000
One Franc 1906 Switzerland / One Franc 1906 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1906 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 700,000
One Franc 1907 Switzerland / One Franc 1907 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1907 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 800,000
One Franc 1908 Switzerland / One Franc 1908 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1908 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,200,000
One Franc 1909 Switzerland / One Franc 1909 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1909 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 900,000
One Franc 1910 Switzerland / One Franc 1910 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1910 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,000,000
One Franc 1911 Switzerland / One Franc 1911 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1911 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,200,000
One Franc 1912 Switzerland / One Franc 1912 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1912 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,200,000
One Franc 1913 Switzerland / One Franc 1913 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1913 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,200,000
One Franc 1914 Switzerland / One Franc 1914 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1914 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 4,200,000
One Franc 1916 Switzerland / One Franc 1916 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1916 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,000,000
One Franc 1920 Switzerland / One Franc 1920 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1920 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,300,000
One Franc 1921 Switzerland / One Franc 1921 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1921 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,800,000
One Franc 1928 Switzerland / One Franc 1928 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1928 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,500,000
One Franc 1931 Switzerland / One Franc 1931 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1931 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,000,000
One Franc 1932 Switzerland / One Franc 1932 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1932 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 500,000
One Franc 1934 Switzerland / One Franc 1934 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1934 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 500,000
One Franc 1936 Switzerland / One Franc 1936 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1936 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 500,000
One Franc 1937 Switzerland / One Franc 1937 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1937 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,000,000
One Franc 1939 Switzerland / One Franc 1939 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1939 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,106,000
One Franc 1940 Switzerland / One Franc 1940 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1940 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,003,000
One Franc 1943 Switzerland / One Franc 1943 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1943 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,526,000
One Franc 1944 Switzerland / One Franc 1944 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1944 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 6,225,000
One Franc 1945 Switzerland / One Franc 1945 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1945 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 7,794,000
One Franc 1946 Switzerland / One Franc 1946 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1946 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,539,000
One Franc 1947 Switzerland / One Franc 1947 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1947 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 624,000
One Franc 1952 Switzerland / One Franc 1952 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1952 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,853,000
One Franc 1953 Switzerland / One Franc 1953 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1953 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 786,000
One Franc 1955 Switzerland / One Franc 1955 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1955 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 194,000
One Franc 1956 Switzerland / One Franc 1956 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1956 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,500,000
One Franc 1957 Switzerland / One Franc 1957 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1957 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 6,421,000
One Franc 1958 Switzerland / One Franc 1958 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1958 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,580,000
One Franc 1959 Switzerland / One Franc 1959 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1959 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,859,000
One Franc 1960 Switzerland / One Franc 1960 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1960 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,523,000
One Franc 1961 Switzerland / One Franc 1961 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1961 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 6,549,000
One Franc 1962 Switzerland / One Franc 1962 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1962 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 6,220,000
One Franc 1963 Switzerland / One Franc 1963 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1963 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 13,476,000
One Franc 1964 Switzerland / One Franc 1964 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1964 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 12,560,000
One Franc 1965 Switzerland / One Franc 1965 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1965 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 5,032,000
One Franc 1966 Switzerland / One Franc 1966 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1966 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,032,000
One Franc 1967 Switzerland / One Franc 1967 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1967 - obverse photo Material: 0.835 Silver
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,088,000
One Franc 1968 Switzerland / One Franc 1968 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1968 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mints:
- Swissmint: 45,864,000
- Royal Mint: 15,000,000
Total Mintage: 60,864,000
One Franc 1969 Switzerland / One Franc 1969 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1969 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mints:
- Royal Mint: 19,910,000
- Swissmint: 17,688,000
Total Mintage: 37,598,000
One Franc 1970 Switzerland / One Franc 1970 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1970 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 24,240,000
One Franc 1971 Switzerland / One Franc 1971 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1971 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 11,496,000
One Franc 1973 Switzerland / One Franc 1973 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1973 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 5,000,000
One Franc 1974 Switzerland / One Franc 1974 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1974 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 15,012,000
One Franc 1975 Switzerland / One Franc 1975 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1975 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 13,012,000
One Franc 1976 Switzerland / One Franc 1976 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1976 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 5,009,000
One Franc 1977 Switzerland / One Franc 1977 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1977 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 6,019,000
One Franc 1978 Switzerland / One Franc 1978 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1978 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 13,548,000
One Franc 1979 Switzerland / One Franc 1979 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1979 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 10,810,000
One Franc 1980 Switzerland / One Franc 1980 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1980 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 11,012,000
One Franc 1981 Switzerland / One Franc 1981 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1981 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 18,023,000
One Franc 1982 Switzerland / One Franc 1982 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1982 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 15,049,000
One Franc 1983 Switzerland / One Franc 1983 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1983 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 7,029,000
One Franc 1984 Switzerland / One Franc 1984 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1984 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,042,000
One Franc 1985 Switzerland / One Franc 1985 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1985 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 20,054,000
One Franc 1986 Switzerland / One Franc 1986 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1986 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 17,997,000
One Franc 1987 Switzerland / One Franc 1987 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1987 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 17,028,000
One Franc 1988 Switzerland / One Franc 1988 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1988 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 18,029,000
One Franc 1989 Switzerland / One Franc 1989 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1989 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 15,031,000
One Franc 1990 Switzerland / One Franc 1990 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1990 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,032,000
One Franc 1991 Switzerland / One Franc 1991 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1991 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 9,036,000
One Franc 1992 Switzerland / One Franc 1992 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1992 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 12,028,000
One Franc 1993 Switzerland / One Franc 1993 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 12,023,000
One Franc 1994 Switzerland / One Franc 1994 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1994 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 10,023,000
One Franc 1995 Switzerland / One Franc 1995 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 13,024,000
One Franc 1996 Switzerland / One Franc 1996 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,023,000
One Franc 1997 Switzerland / One Franc 1997 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 1997 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,022,000
One Franc 1998 Switzerland / One Franc 1998 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,021,000
One Franc 1999 Switzerland / One Franc 1999 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,021,000
One Franc 2000 Switzerland / One Franc 2000 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 4,026,000
One Franc 2001 Switzerland / One Franc 2001 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 2001 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,028,000
One Franc 2002 Switzerland / One Franc 2002 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,030,000
One Franc 2003 Switzerland / One Franc 2003 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,028,000
One Franc 2004 Switzerland / One Franc 2004 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 2004 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,029,000
One Franc 2005 Switzerland / One Franc 2005 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 2005 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 1,029,000
One Franc 2006 Switzerland / One Franc 2006 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 2,030,000
One Franc 2007 Switzerland / One Franc 2007 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 2007 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 3,028,000
One Franc 2008 Switzerland / One Franc 2008 - reverse photo Switzerland / One Franc 2008 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Swissmint
Mintage: 7,026,000
Showing 1 to 100 of 114 Coins.
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One Franc: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-types One Franc, Seated Helvetia
One Franc, Silver
One Franc, CuproNickel
From1850
Face Value1 (x Franc)
CurrentYes
Material
DesignerFr. Fisch, A. Walch, A. Bovy
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size
Mass
One Franc: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1850
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Reverse, silver (1850 - 1967).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1979
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Reverse, cupro-nickel (1968 - present).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1850
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Seated Helvetia obverse (1850 - 1861).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1952
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Standing Helvetia obverse, silver (1875 - 1967).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, Franc, 1979
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Standing Helvetia obverse, cupro-nickel (1968 - present).
Source