Florin (Two Shillings), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Florin (Two Shillings), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1848 - 1970)
Coin TypeFlorin (Two Shillings)

The Florin (written as 2/- or 2s) was a coin worth one tenth of a pre-decimal Pound Sterling, or two shillings, or 24 pence. The denomination was introduced in 1848 and was issued until 1970.

Prior to Decimal Day in 1971 there were 240 pence in one pound sterling. Twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. forty-two pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d. The abbreviation "s" for a shilling does not come from the word "shilling" but from "sestertius", the Roman denomination which it was considered to continue.

The denomination was initially sterling silver (92.5%), debased to 50% silver in 1920 and finally to copper-nickel in 1947.

In 1968, in the run-up to decimalisation, the two shilling coin was superseded by the decimal ten pence coin, which had the same value and initially the same size and weight. When the currency became decimal in 1971, florins were re-denominated as ten new pence and continued in circulation, alongside the ten pence coin, until 1993 when the 10p was reduced in size.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Florin (Two Shillings) - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

During the existence of the denomination, florin coins were issued for:
- Queen Victoria (1848 - 1901), with three different portraits
- King Edward VII (1902 - 1910)
- King George V (1911 - 1936)
- King George VI (1937 - 1951)
- Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1970)

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Florin (Two Shillings) - reverse photo

The reverse went through several transformations during the existence of the denomination.

The first design (1848 - 1887) shows a crowned cruciform (cross pattern) of shields bearing the three lions passant of England (twice, in positions 1 and 3), the lion rampant of Scotland (2), and the harp of Ireland (4). The shields are contained within a deeply tressured circular panel. In the angles are two roses, a shamrock and a thistle - the national plants of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. In the centre there is a double Tudor rose. Around above, interrupted by St Edward's crown on top of the English shield, preceded by two decorative crosses and followed by one cross, the name of the denomination: ONE FLORIN; around below, its value as a fraction of the Pound Sterling: ONE TENTH OF A POUND. The general style, and especially the inscriptions, are Gothic hence the type is called the Gothic Florin (or the Godless Florin for the first two issues in 1848 and 1849, due to the omission of the "by the Grace of God" part of the Queens's legend in these years).

The second design (1887 - 1892), known as the Jubilee Florin because it had the Jubilee portrait of Queen Victoria on the obverse, is a similar cruciform but not as ornate, and the lettering is no longer Gothic in style; it no longer displayed the value and denomination though.

The third design (1893 - 1901) features, partly within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, three shields with the arms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. They are collectively crowned with St Edward's crown. Between the shields, a rose, thistle, and shamrock - the floral emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. Behind the shields, two crossed sceptres - one surmounted with an eagle, and one with an orb and cross. The Garter surrounding the shields is inscribed with the Royal motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE ·, partly obscured by the shields. The value and denomination are given as · ONE · FLORIN TWO · SHILLINGS.

The fourth design (1902 - 1910) shows the standing figure of Britannia - the female personification of Great Britain, holding a trident in one hand and balancing a shield with the British Union Jack flag in the other, her cloak billowing in the wind behind. She wears a crested Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face. Britannia is standing on the prow of an ancient ship, on which is inscribed the date of issue. Around left and around right, the value of the coin in two forms: ONE FLORIN on the left and TWO SHILLINGS on the right.

The fifth design (1911 - 1926) features a cruciform of four crowned shields forming a cross around the Star of the Garter. The shields bear the arms of England (top and bottom), Scotland (right), and Ireland (left). In the angles are four sceptres dividing the shields, two surmounted by orbs, the others by a harp and a thistle. Around above, divided by the crown on the top English shield, the denomination ONE FLORIN; around below, divided by the crown of the bottom English shield, the date of issue.

The sixth design (1927 - 1936) features a cruciform of four shields forming a cross around the King's initial, the letter G; the cross is diagonal (rotated 45 degrees). The shields bear the arms of England (above left and below right, Scotland (above right), and Ireland (below left). Dividing the shields are four sceptres ending with crosses, each surmounted by a representation of St. Edward's Crown. The denomination is given as ONE FLORIN.

The seventh design (1937 - 1951) features a rose (the floral symbol of England) crowned with the Crown of Saint Edward, dividing a thistle (the floral symbol of Scotland) above the letter G (for Georgivs - George) and a shamrock (the floral symbol of Ireland) above the letter R (for Rex - King). The denomination is given as TWO SHILLINGS. The design was issued in 50% silver until 1946, then in copper-nickel.

The eighth and final design (1953 - 1970) features at its centre a rose, the floral emblem of England. It is surrounded by linked thistles, shamrocks and leeks - the floral emblems of the other constituent countries of the United Kingdom: Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales respectively. The denomination is given as TWO SHILLINGS.

Reverse Inscription ONE FLORIN ONE TENTH OF A POUND
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Various British colonies, dominions and dependencies also issued their own versions of the florin denomination (in some places called "two shillings"), usually to be used in parallel with their Imperial counterpart and with compatible dimensions and composition but sometimes made deliberately different. For these, see:

- Australia, Florin - issued 1910 to 1963, withdrawn 1966 (not demonetised); replaced by compatible Twenty Cents - still being issued and current
- British West Africa, Two Shillings - issued 1913 to 1952, demonetised 1968
- New Zealand, Florin - issued 1933 to 1965, demonetised 2006; replaced by compatible Twenty Cents issued 1967 to 2006, demonetised 2006
- Fiji, Florin - issued 1934 to 1965, demonetised 1969; replaced by compatible Twenty Cents issued 1969 to 2006, demonetised 2009
- Nigeria, Two Shillings - issued in 1959 only, demonetised 1973

Coin Type: Florin (Two Shillings) - (117) Coins (Page 1 of 2)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Florin 1848 Godless (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait VICTORIA REGINA 1848
Florin 1849 Godless 413,320 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait VICTORIA REGINA 1849
Florin 1851 Gothic 1,540 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdcccli.
Florin 1852 Gothic 1,014,552 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclii.
Florin 1853 Gothic 3,919,950 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdcccliii
Florin 1854 Gothic 550,413 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdcccliv
Florin 1855 Gothic 831,017 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclv
Florin 1856 Gothic 2,201,760 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclvi
Florin 1857 Gothic 1,671,120 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclvii
Florin 1858 Gothic 2,239,380 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclviii
Florin 1859 Gothic 2,568,060 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclix
Florin 1860 Gothic 1,475,100 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclx.
Florin 1862 Gothic 594,000 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclxii
Florin 1863 Gothic 938,520 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclxiii
Florin 1864 Gothic 1,861,200 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclxiv
Florin 1865 Gothic 1,580,040 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclxv
Florin 1866 Gothic 914,760 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclxvi
Florin 1867 Gothic 423,720 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: brit: reg: f: d: mdccclxvii
Florin 1868 Gothic 869,940 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxviii
Florin 1869 Gothic 297,000 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxix
Florin 1870 Gothic 1,080,648 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxx
Florin 1871 Gothic 3,425,605 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxi
Florin 1872 Gothic 7,199,690 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxii
Florin 1873 Gothic 5,921,839 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxiii
Florin 1874 Gothic 1,642,630 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxiv
Florin 1875 Gothic 1,117,030 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxv
Florin 1876 Gothic 580,034 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxvi
Florin 1877 Gothic 682,292 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxvii
Florin 1878 Gothic 1,786,680 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxviii
Florin 1879 Gothic 1,512,247 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxix
Florin 1880 Gothic 2,161,170 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxx
Florin 1881 Gothic 2,576,337 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxxi
Florin 1883 Gothic 3,555,667 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxxiii
Florin 1884 Gothic 1,447,379 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxxiv
Florin 1885 Gothic 1,758,210 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxxv
Florin 1886 Gothic 591,773 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxxvi
Florin 1887 Gothic 1,776,903 Queen Victoria - Gothic Portrait Victoria d: g: britt: reg: f: d: mdccclxxxvii
Florin 1887 Jubilee 1,776,903 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Florin 1888 Jubilee 1,547,540 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Florin 1889 Jubilee 2,973,561 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Florin 1890 Jubilee 1,684,737 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Florin 1891 Jubilee 836,438 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Florin 1892 Jubilee 283,401 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Florin 1893 1,667,415 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1894 1,952,842 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1895 2,182,968 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1896 2,944,416 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1897 1,699,921 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1898 3,061,343 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1899 3,966,953 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1900 5,528,630 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1901 2,648,870 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Florin 1902 2,204,698 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1903 995,298 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1904 2,769,932 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1905 1,187,596 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1906 6,910,128 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1907 5,947,895 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1908 3,280,010 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1909 3,482,829 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1910 5,650,713 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Florin 1911 5,957,291 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1912 8,571,731 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1913 4,545,278 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1914 21,252,701 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1915 12,357,939 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1916 21,064,337 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1917 11,181,617 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1918 29,211,792 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1919 9,469,292 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1920 15,387,833 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1921 34,863,895 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1922 23,861,044 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1923 21,546,533 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1924 4,582,372 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1925 1,404,136 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1926 5,125,410 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Florin 1927 (Proof only) 15,000 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1928 11,087,186 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1929 16,397,279 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1930 5,733,568 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1931 6,556,331 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1932 717,041 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1933 8,685,303 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1935 7,540,546 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Florin 1936 9,897,448 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1937 13,033,183 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1938 7,909,388 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1939 20,850,607 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1940 18,700,338 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1941 24,451,079 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1942 39,895,243 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1943 26,711,987 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1944 27,560,005 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1945 25,858,049 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1946 22,300,254 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1947 22,910,085 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1948 67,553,636 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1949 28,614,939 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Two Shillings (Florin) 1950 24,375,003 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Showing 1 to 100 of 117 Coins.
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Florin (Two Shillings): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-types Godless Florin
Gothic Florin
Jubilee Florin
Florin Three Shields
Florin Britannia
Florin George V First Issue
Florin George V Second Issue
Florin George VI (Silver)
Florin George VI (CuproNickel)
Florin Elizabeth II
From1848
To1970
Face Value2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1993)
MaterialSilver to 1946, then CuproNickel
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size
Mass
Florin (Two Shillings): Photos
ImageDetails
Pattern Coin - Florin, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1848
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Godless florin (1848 - 1849).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1880
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Gothic florin (1851 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1887 florin KM-762
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Jubilee type (1887 - 1892).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1893
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Three shields reverse (1893 - 1901).
Source
Great Britain 1907 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Britannia reverse (1902 - 1910).
Source
Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), George V, Great Britain, 1911
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: George V First Issue (1911 - 1926).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), George V, Great Britain, 1928
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: George V Second Issue (1927 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, George VI, Great Britain, 1947
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: George VI Silver and CuproNickel common reverse (1937 - 1951).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II common reverse (1953 - 1970).
Source
Pattern Coin - Florin, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1848
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Gothic portrait and Arabic date (1848 - 1849).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1880
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Gothic portrait and Roman date (1851 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1887 florin KM-762
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Jubilee Head (1887 - 1892).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1893
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Veiled head (1893 - 1901).
Source
Great Britain 1907 florin
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
Source
Coin - Florin (2 Shillings), George V, Great Britain, 1911
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, George VI, Great Britain, 1947
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1937 - 1951).
Source
Proof Coin - Florin, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Elizabeth II, Queen of all the Britains (1953).
Source