One Penny, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Penny, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1971 - )
Coin TypeOne Penny

The British decimal one penny (1p) coin, usually simply known as a penny, is a unit of currency equalling one one-hundredth of a pound sterling. The penny’s symbol is p. Its obverse has featured the profile of Queen Elizabeth II since the coin’s introduction in 1971, the year British currency was decimalised. Four different portraits of the Queen have been used on the coin, with the latest design by Jody Clark being introduced in 2015. The second and current reverse, featuring a segment of the Royal Shield, was introduced in 2008.

The correct plural form for multiple 1p coins is pennies, and the correct term for monetary sums less than £1 is pence (often pee informally), e.g. fifty pence.

The one penny coin is currently the lowest circulating denomination of the British (decimal) Pound Sterling, after the half penny was demonetised in 1984.

One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.

The penny was originally minted from bronze, but since 1992 it has been minted in copper-plated steel due to the increasing price of metal. Soaring copper prices in the mid-2000s caused the value of the copper in the pre-1992 coins (which are 97% copper) to exceed the coins' face value. For example, in May 2006, the intrinsic metal value of a pre-1992 1p coin was about 1.5 pence. During 2008, the value of copper fell dramatically from these peaks.

Obverse
United Kingdom / One Penny - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin), date.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch, date
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Penny - reverse photo

There have been two reverse designs of the one penny coin.

The original design by Christopher Ironside featured, within a beaded circle, a crowned portcullis with chains (an adaptation of the Badge of Henry VII and now the Badge of the Palace of Westminster); around above, the denomination NEW PENNY (before 1982) or ONE PENNY (1982 and later); below, the value as a numeral: 1.

This was superseded in 2008 by a new design by Matthew Dent. In a world-first concept, the designs for the 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p and 50p coins depict sections of the Royal Shield that form the whole shield when placed together. The shield in its entirety is featured on the £1 coin.

The one penny obverse features a small section of the Royal Arms (the left section between the first and third quarter of the shield, parts of the Lion and the Harp representing England and Northern Ireland). Around left are the value and denomination: ONE PENNY. Unlike the earlier reverse, there is no beading (ring of dots) around the coin's circumference.

Reverse Inscription 1 NEW PENNY (1971 - 1981), 1 ONE PENNY (1982 - 2008), ONE PENNY (2008 - present)
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: One Penny - (54) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
One Penny 1971 United Kingdom / One Penny 1971 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1971 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,522,016,250
One Penny 1972 (Proof only) United Kingdom / One Penny 1972 (Proof only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1972 (Proof only) - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 150,000
One Penny 1973 United Kingdom / One Penny 1973 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1973 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 280,296,000
One Penny 1974 United Kingdom / One Penny 1974 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1974 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 330,992,000
One Penny 1975 United Kingdom / One Penny 1975 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1975 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 221,704,000
One Penny 1976 United Kingdom / One Penny 1976 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1976 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 300,260,000
One Penny 1977 United Kingdom / One Penny 1977 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1977 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 285,623,800
One Penny 1978 United Kingdom / One Penny 1978 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1978 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 292,856,100
One Penny 1979 United Kingdom / One Penny 1979 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1979 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 459,081,000
One Penny 1980 United Kingdom / One Penny 1980 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1980 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 416,447,400
One Penny 1981 United Kingdom / One Penny 1981 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1981 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 301,900,300
One Penny 1982 United Kingdom / One Penny 1982 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1982 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 100,603,800
One Penny 1983 United Kingdom / One Penny 1983 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1983 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 243,746,900
One Penny 1984 United Kingdom / One Penny 1984 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1984 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 155,024,965
One Penny 1985 United Kingdom / One Penny 1985 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1985 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 200,885,635
One Penny 1986 United Kingdom / One Penny 1986 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1986 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 370,260,951
One Penny 1987 United Kingdom / One Penny 1987 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1987 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 500,207,084
One Penny 1988 United Kingdom / One Penny 1988 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1988 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 793,705,381
One Penny 1989 United Kingdom / One Penny 1989 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1989 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 658,305,273
One Penny 1990 United Kingdom / One Penny 1990 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1990 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 529,229,158
One Penny 1991 United Kingdom / One Penny 1991 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1991 - obverse photo Material: Bronze
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 206,587,719
One Penny 1992 United Kingdom / One Penny 1992 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1992 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 254,007,747
One Penny 1993 United Kingdom / One Penny 1993 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1993 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 602,713,025
One Penny 1994 United Kingdom / One Penny 1994 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1994 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 844,078,692
One Penny 1995 United Kingdom / One Penny 1995 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1995 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 303,480,286
One Penny 1996 United Kingdom / One Penny 1996 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1996 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 723,994,142
One Penny 1997 United Kingdom / One Penny 1997 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1997 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 397,064,305
One Penny 1998 United Kingdom / One Penny 1998 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1998 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 739,929,862
One Penny 1999 United Kingdom / One Penny 1999 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 1999 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 891,608,840
One Penny 2000 United Kingdom / One Penny 2000 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2000 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,060,610,219
One Penny 2001 United Kingdom / One Penny 2001 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2001 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 928,805,113
One Penny 2002 United Kingdom / One Penny 2002 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2002 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 601,567,309
One Penny 2003 United Kingdom / One Penny 2003 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2003 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 539,592,512
One Penny 2004 United Kingdom / One Penny 2004 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2004 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 739,883,637
One Penny 2005 United Kingdom / One Penny 2005 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2005 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 536,440,263
One Penny 2006 United Kingdom / One Penny 2006 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2006 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 524,742,798
One Penny 2007 United Kingdom / One Penny 2007 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2007 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 548,132,093
One Penny 2008 (Ironside design) United Kingdom / One Penny 2008 (Ironside design) - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2008 (Ironside design) - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 180,772,577
One Penny 2008 (Dent design) United Kingdom / One Penny 2008 (Dent design) - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2008 (Dent design) - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 508,072,000
One Penny 2009 United Kingdom / One Penny 2009 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2009 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 556,553,570
One Penny 2010 United Kingdom / One Penny 2010 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2010 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 609,693,000
One Penny 2011 United Kingdom / One Penny 2011 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2011 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 431,088,981
One Penny 2012 United Kingdom / One Penny 2012 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2012 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 227,304,802
One Penny 2013 United Kingdom / One Penny 2013 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2013 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 260,846,937
One Penny 2014 United Kingdom / One Penny 2014 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2014 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 464,836,020
One Penny 2015 (Fourth Portrait) United Kingdom / One Penny 2015 (Fourth Portrait) - reverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 154,645,762
One Penny 2015 (Fifth Portrait) United Kingdom / One Penny 2015 (Fifth Portrait) - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2015 (Fifth Portrait) - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 418,226,301
One Penny 2016 United Kingdom / One Penny 2016 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2016 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 368,530,830
One Penny 2017 United Kingdom / One Penny 2017 - reverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 241,042,256
One Penny 2018 (mint sets only) United Kingdom / One Penny 2018 (mint sets only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2018 (mint sets only) - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 33,086
One Penny 2019 (mint sets only) United Kingdom / One Penny 2019 (mint sets only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2019 (mint sets only) - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
One Penny 2020 United Kingdom / One Penny 2020 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2020 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 88,071,910
One Penny 2021 United Kingdom / One Penny 2021 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2021 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
One Penny 2022 United Kingdom / One Penny 2022 - reverse photo United Kingdom / One Penny 2022 - obverse photo Material: Copper-plated steel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
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One Penny: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-types One Penny (Ironside design, Bronze)
One Penny (Ironside design, Steel)
One Penny (Dent design)
From1971
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentYes
MaterialBronze
DesignerChristopher Ironside, Matthew Dent
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size
Mass
One Penny: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, Penny, 1994
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Ironside reverse design (1971 - 2008).
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Penny, 2008
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Dent reverse design (2008 - present).
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Penny, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Second Portrait (1971 - 1984).
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Penny, 1994
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Third Portrait (1985 - 1997).
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Penny, 2008
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Fourth Portrait (1998 - 2015).
Source