One Penny 1999, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Penny 1999, Coin from United Kingdom
CoinOne Penny 1999

The United Kingdom 1p coin was one of three new coins introduced into general circulation on the 15 February 1971 when the United Kingdom adopted a new decimal currency system. The other two new coins were the 1/2p and 2p coins (5p, 10p and 50p had been introduced earlier).

The one penny coin is currently the lowest circulating denomination of the British (decimal) Pound Sterling, after the half penny was demonetised in 1984.

Between 1971 and 1991, one penny coins were made of bronze. The first copper-plated steel 1p coins were struck in 1992. The reason for this change was the increase in the price of metals on the world markets. The coins have a mild steel core and are electroplated with copper - consequently they are magnetic. They retained the original design by Christopher Ironside until the introduction of the new 1p by Matthew Dent in 2008.

Coins of this type are still current and circulate in parallel with the new ones. Coins issued in 1998 have now been circulating for 21 years.

One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage891,608,840 (891.6 million), Rarity: C (Common)
Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases Visit the Royal Mint web site for the latest coin releases
Obverse
United Kingdom / One Penny 1999 - obverse photo

Crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith 1999.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
Reverse
United Kingdom / One Penny 1999 - reverse photo

Within a beaded circle, a crowned portcullis with chains (an adaptation of the Badge of Henry VII and now the Badge of the Palace of Westminster); around above, the denomination ONE PENNY; below, the value as a numeral: 1.

Reverse Inscription 1 ONE PENNY
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Krause catalogues (but not Spink) list the proofs and sets for this year as bronze and not copper-plated steel.

According to the Royal Mint, "From 1971 to 1991, 1p and 2p coins intended for general circulation were struck in bronze. Since 1992 they have been struck in copper-plated steel, apart from in 1998 when 2p coins were produced in bronze as well as in copper-plated steel"; however, the Mint's site seems to apply to circulation coins only.

One Penny 1999: Known varieties
Variety In mint sets
Mintage Issued: 136,696 (included in total)
Details

Krause (but not Spink) lists the proofs and sets as bronze and not copper-plated steel.

In Set 1999 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage 136,696
8 coins: £2 Rugby World Cup, £1 Scottish Lion, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1999 Baby Gift Set - United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage unknown (included in the above set)
- variety: 1999 United Kingdom Wedding Coin Collection, mintage unknown (included in the above set)
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 80,144 (included in total)
Details

Krause (but not Spink) lists the proofs and sets as bronze and not copper-plated steel.

In Set 1999 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection, mintage 40,317
9 coins: £5 Princess Diana, £2 Rugby World Cup, £1 Scottish Lion, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1999 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection (deluxe), mintage 39,827 (not included in the above set)
One Penny 1999: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Mintage Proof and sets mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Varieties Proofs, mint sets
All (52) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: One Penny
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Penny 1971 1,522,016,250 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1971
One Penny 1972 (Proof only) 150,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1972
One Penny 1973 280,296,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1973
One Penny 1974 330,992,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1974
One Penny 1975 221,704,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1975
One Penny 1976 300,260,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1976
One Penny 1977 285,623,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1977
One Penny 1978 292,856,100 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1978
One Penny 1979 459,081,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1979
One Penny 1980 416,447,400 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1980
One Penny 1981 301,900,300 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1981
One Penny 1982 100,603,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1982
One Penny 1983 243,746,900 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Penny 1984 155,024,965 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Penny 1985 200,885,635 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Penny 1986 370,260,951 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Penny 1987 500,207,084 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Penny 1988 793,705,381 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Penny 1989 658,305,273 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Penny 1990 529,229,158 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Penny 1991 206,587,719 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Penny 1992 254,007,747 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Penny 1993 602,713,025 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Penny 1994 844,078,692 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Penny 1995 303,480,286 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Penny 1996 723,994,142 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Penny 1997 397,064,305 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Penny 1998 739,929,862 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Penny 1999 891,608,840 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Penny 2000 1,060,610,219 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Penny 2001 928,805,113 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Penny 2002 601,567,309 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Penny 2003 539,592,512 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Penny 2004 739,883,637 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Penny 2005 536,440,263 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Penny 2006 524,742,798 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Penny 2007 548,132,093 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Penny 2008 (Ironside design) 180,772,577 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Penny 2008 (Dent design) 508,072,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Penny 2009 556,553,570 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Penny 2010 609,693,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Penny 2011 431,088,981 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Penny 2012 227,304,802 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Penny 2013 260,846,937 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Penny 2014 464,836,020 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Penny 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 154,645,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Penny 2015 (Fifth Portrait) 418,226,301 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
One Penny 2016 368,530,830 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
One Penny 2017 241,042,256 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
One Penny 2018 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
One Penny 2019 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
One Penny 2020 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2020 ·
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One Penny 1999: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Penny (Ironside design, Steel)
Issued1999
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value1 (x Penny)
Circulation Mintage891,392,000 (891.4 million)
Total Mintage891,608,840 (891.6 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentYes
MaterialCopper-plated steel
DesignerChristopher Ironside
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size20.300 mm
Thickness1.650 mm
Mass3.560 g
OCC IDDRMK-GEZA-CPBL-ONXQ
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One Penny 1999: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, Penny, 1999
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, Penny, 1999
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
One Penny 1999: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomB5 (was 4710)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 986, KM# 986a (Proofs and sets)