One Penny 2016, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

One Penny 2016, Coin from United Kingdom
CoinOne Penny 2016

The one penny coin is currently the lowest circulating denomination of the British (decimal) Pound Sterling, after the half penny was demonetised in 1984.

In August 2005 the Royal Mint launched a competition to find new reverse designs for all circulating coins apart from the £2 coin. The winner, announced in April 2008, was Matthew Dent, whose designs were gradually introduced into the circulating British coinage from mid-2008. In a world-first concept, the designs for the 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p and 50p coins depict sections of the Royal Shield that form the whole shield when placed together. The shield in its entirety is featured on the £1 coin.

The new 1p coin design, which replaced the earlier 1p design by Christopher Ironside, depicts the left section between the first and third quarter of the shield, representing England and Northern Ireland. The coin's obverse remains largely unchanged, but the beading (the ring of dots around the coin's circumference), which no longer features on the coin's reverse, has also been removed from the obverse.

One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.

Coins issued in 2016 have now been in circulation for only three years.

MintRoyal Mint Mintage368,482,000 (368.5 million), Rarity: C (Common)
Obverse

Crowned old head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right, wearing the Royal Diamond Diadem crown worn for her Coronation (effigy known as the "Fifth Portrait"). Running continuously around the effigy is the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith.

In tiny letters below the head, the artist's initials J.C (for Jody Clark).

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Reverse

A small section of the Royal Arms is visible (the left section between the first and third quarter of the shield, parts of the Lion and the Harp representing England and Northern Ireland). When put together, coins of the different denominations of British pennies add up to a whole shield with the full Royal Arms.

Around left, the denomination ONE PENNY.

Reverse Inscription ONE PENNY
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
One Penny 2016: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
All (51) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: One Penny
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Penny 1971 1,522,016,250 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1971
One Penny 1972 (Proof only) 150,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1972
One Penny 1973 280,296,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1973
One Penny 1974 330,992,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1974
One Penny 1975 221,704,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1975
One Penny 1976 300,260,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1976
One Penny 1977 285,623,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1977
One Penny 1978 292,856,100 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1978
One Penny 1979 459,081,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1979
One Penny 1980 416,447,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1980
One Penny 1981 301,900,300 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1981
One Penny 1982 100,603,800 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1982
One Penny 1983 243,746,900 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1983
One Penny 1984 155,024,965 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · 1984
One Penny 1985 200,885,635 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1985
One Penny 1986 370,260,951 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1986
One Penny 1987 500,207,084 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1987
One Penny 1988 793,705,381 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1988
One Penny 1989 658,305,273 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1989
One Penny 1990 529,229,158 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1990
One Penny 1991 206,587,719 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1991
One Penny 1992 254,007,747 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1992
One Penny 1993 602,713,025 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1993
One Penny 1994 844,078,692 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1994
One Penny 1995 303,480,286 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1995
One Penny 1996 723,994,142 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1996
One Penny 1997 397,064,305 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
One Penny 1998 739,929,862 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1998
One Penny 1999 891,608,840 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 1999
One Penny 2000 1,060,610,219 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2000
One Penny 2001 928,805,113 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2001
One Penny 2002 601,567,309 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
One Penny 2003 539,592,512 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2003
One Penny 2004 739,883,637 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2004
One Penny 2005 536,440,263 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2005
One Penny 2006 524,742,798 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2006
One Penny 2007 548,132,093 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2007
One Penny 2008 (Ironside design) 180,772,577 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Penny 2008 (Dent design) 508,072,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2008
One Penny 2009 556,552,800 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2009
One Penny 2010 609,693,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2010
One Penny 2011 431,044,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2011
One Penny 2012 227,234,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2012
One Penny 2013 260,834,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2013
One Penny 2014 464,836,020 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2014
One Penny 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 154,600,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2015
One Penny 2015 (Fifth Portrait) 418,201,016 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
One Penny 2016 368,482,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
One Penny 2017 240,999,600 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
One Penny 2018 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
One Penny 2019 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
One Penny 2016: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeOne Penny (Dent design)
Issued2016
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait)
Face Value1 (x Penny)
Mintage368,482,000 (368.5 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentYes
MaterialCopper-plated steel
DesignerMatthew Dent
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)20.3000
Thickness (mm)1.6500
Mass (g)3.5600
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One Penny 2016: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 1339