United Kingdom: Coin Type Sovereign (St George) - detailed information

United Kingdom: Coin Type Sovereign (St George) (issued 1871 - 1968)
Coin TypeSovereign (St George)

Circulation gold sovereigns were struck with a milled edge. A plain edge indicates a special issue ("specimen", later called "proof") which was not legal tender.

In 1916 the [Australian] Commonwealth Treasury ordered Melbourne to pay for gold by cheque instead of in gold coin. In 1922 arrangements were made with Melbourne that it should coin gold whenever the bullion held reached 200,000 pounds. This seems to have occurred only every six months, the coin being held to back issues of Commonwealth paper money. This did not meet the needs of the Gold Producers Association; it would appear that they were able to employ the Perth Mint for their needs. Melbourne coins of the early 1920s are very rare, most having been deposited against paper money issues [thus stayed with the bank and never entered circulation]; Perth Mint coins of the era remain common.

In ten of the first twelve years of its existence, the Royal Mint branch in Ottawa (like other branches of the mother facility in London) struck sovereigns of identical design and specifications as the corresponding English issues. They can be distinguished by the "C" mint mark located beneath St. George's horse and just above the date on the reverse. Issues struck during World War I were primarily used to help pay for war materials that England purchased from the US, saving the risk of sending gold coins minted in London across the Atlantic.

Composition: 0.9167 gold, 0.0833 copper.

Obverse

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend.

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

The reverse is the familiar St. George and Dragon design originally engraved by Benedetto Pistrucci about 1817.

Reverse Inscription[year]
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Dyer, G.P. The Modern Sovereign, Chapter 3 Royal Sovereign 1489-1989, Royal Mint Publication.
[Book] Mullett, William J. 1991. Gold Coinage and Refining at the Melbourne Mint.

All Coins of Type: Sovereign (St George) (77)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Sovereign 1871 St George 11,581,250 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D:
Sovereign 1872 St George 16,049,708 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1873 St George 4,598,215 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1874 St George 3,792,713 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1875 St George 4,010,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1876 St George 7,055,866 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1877 St George 1,487,002 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1878 St George 3,262,275 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1879 St George 4,126,013 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1880 St George 8,161,880 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1881 St George 3,684,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1882 St George 3,764,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1883 St George 3,158,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1884 St George 6,306,635 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1885 St George 5,160,223 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1886 St George 4,568,500 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head 2,915,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head 3,054,077 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1888 7,294,424 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1889 13,251,455 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1890 11,811,424 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1891 11,675,068 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1892 13,430,470 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1893 Veiled head 10,159,433 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP .
Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head 3,147,352 Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1894 11,016,485 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1895 9,209,186 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1896 10,334,997 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1897 7,662,565 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1898 12,418,485 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1899 17,045,127 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1900 20,604,734 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1901 11,467,982 Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1902 16,122,198 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1903 19,891,190 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1904 21,278,022 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1905 17,198,434 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1906 21,746,651 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1907 29,302,643 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1908 21,702,207 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT: OMN: REX F:D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1909 21,784,151 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1910 32,287,808 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1911 40,048,431 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1912 39,292,322 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1913 33,750,854 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1914 20,118,033 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1915 27,652,715 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1916 8,171,636 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1917 7,741,314 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1918 13,900,265 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1919 5,480,498 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1920 3,311,196 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1921 3,339,481 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1922 3,485,190 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1923 3,051,743 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1924 2,139,740 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1925 21,276,258 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1926 13,663,346 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1927 18,073,404 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1928 19,981,682 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1929 14,067,451 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1930 12,020,682 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1931 9,743,139 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1932 1,066,680 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1937 Edward VIII (not released) 6 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) 5,501 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Sovereign 1953 (not released) unknown Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REGINA F: D: +
Sovereign 1957 2,072,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1958 8,700,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Sovereign 1959 1,385,228 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1962 3,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1963 7,400,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1964 3,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1965 3,800,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1966 7,050,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1967 5,000,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1968 4,203,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
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Sovereign (St George): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofSovereign (Pre-Decimal)
From1871
To1968
Face Value1 (x Pound)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material0.9167 Gold
DesignerBenedetto Pistrucci
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationReversed (Coin Alignment, Axis 6)
Size (mm)22.0500
Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)7.9881
Sovereign (St George): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Sovereign, George V, Great Britain, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Royal Mint London, no mint mark (1871 - 1968).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint, M mint mark (1872 - 1931).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Canada, 1918
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Ottawa Mint, C mint mark (1908 - 1919).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, India, 1918
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Bombay Mint, I mint mark (1918).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, South Africa, 1923
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Pretoria Mint, SA mint mark (1923 - 1932).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1873
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young Head (1837 - 1887).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Edward VII, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
Source
Coin - Sovereign, Canada, 1918
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1928).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, "small head" (1929 - 1932).
Source
Proof Coin - Sovereign, George VI, Great Britain, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1937).
Source
Great Britain 1958 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1957 - 1968).
Source