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Detailed information about Coin: Sovereign 1889 from United Kingdom

Coin: Sovereign 1889
Description

A gold coin (22.05 mm diameter with milled edge) featuring the Jubilee bust of Queen Victoria wearing imperial crown and facing left, a long veil falls behind the head, the bust is draped and decorated with the Star of the Garter, and also the badge of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India; around, VICTORIA D:G: BRITT: REG: F:D: , the artist's initials J.E.B. below the shoulder.

The reverse features St. George on horseback holding a short sword in his right hand, the horse rearing to right over a fallen dragon which has a broken lance in its chest; in exergue, the date, 1889 and the artist's initials B.P.; the mint mark (if any) is in the ground above the middle of the date.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1 (x Pound) TypeSovereign (St George)
Year1889 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintage13,251,455 (13.3 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint London No mint mark 7,257,455 (7.3 million)
Sydney Mint Letter S 3,262,000 (3.3 million)
Melbourne Mint Letter M 2,732,000 (2.7 million)
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerBenedetto Pistrucci
MonarchQueen Victoria EffigyPortrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)22.0500 Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)7.9881
Obverse

Jubilee bust of Queen Victoria wearing imperial crown and facing left, a long veil falls behind the head, the bust is draped and decorated with the Star of the Garter, and also the badge of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India; around, VICTORIA D:G: BRITT: REG: F:D: , the artist's initials J.E.B. below the shoulder.

Obverse inscription VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Reverse

St. George on horseback holding short sword in right hand, wearing a flowing cape, helmet and boots, streamer flowing from helmet; the horse rearing to right over fallen dragon which has a broken lance in its chest; the date, 1889 and the artist's initials B.P. in the exergue.

Royal Mint London coins do not have a mint mark. The mint mark for branch mints (S for Sydney Mint or M for Melbourne Mint) is in the ground under the horse's right hoof, above the middle of the date.

Reverse inscription1889
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

The "ordinary" Sydney Mint coins are taken to be Spink 3868B / McD 178a, described by Spink as "Legend 2: repositioned legend, the G: of D: G: is now nearer to the crown. Normal JEB (angled J) initials at base of neck truncation".

The "ordinary" Melbourne Mint coins are taken to be Spink 3867B / McD 179a, described by Spink as "Legend 2: repositioned legend, the G: of D: G: is now nearer to the crown. Normal JEB (angled J) initials at base of neck truncation".

Sovereign 1889: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
D:G: further from crown (Sydney Mint) S-3868A unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Proof (Melbourne Mint, plain edge) unknown (hover mouse for text)
D:G: further from crown (Melbourne Mint) S-3867A unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Normal JEB (Sydney Mint) S-3868 unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Sovereign 1889: Photos
Sovereign 1889: Photo Gold sovereign, London (England)
Gold sovereign, London (England)
Copyright: American Numismatic Society / CC BY NC
Notes: Royal Mint London.
source
Sovereign 1889: Photo Gold sovereign, London (England)
Gold sovereign, London (England)
Copyright: American Numismatic Society / CC BY NC
Notes: Royal Mint London.
source
Sovereign 1889: Photo Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1889
Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1889
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Sydney Mint.
source
Sovereign 1889: Photo Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1889
Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1889
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Sydney Mint.
source
Sovereign 1889: Photo Proof Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Proof Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint. Proof.
source
Sovereign 1889: Photo Proof Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Proof Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint. Proof.
source
Sovereign 1889: Photo Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint.
source
Sovereign 1889: Photo Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint.
source
Sovereign 1889: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldGreat Britain 250 (Royal Mint London)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 767 (Royal Mint London)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3866B (Royal Mint London)
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldAustralia 19 (Sydney Mint) and 20 (Melbourne Mint)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 10 (Sydney Mint and Melbourne Mint)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3868B, 3868, 3868A (Sydney Mint)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3867B, 3867A (Melbourne Mint)
McDonald, Australian Coins and BanknotesMcD 178a, 178 (Sydney Mint)
McDonald, Australian Coins and BanknotesMcD 179a, 179 (Melbourne Mint)
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesS86 (Sydney Mint) and S87 (Melbourne Mint)
Sovereign 1889: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint Royal Mint London
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint Sydney Mint and Melbourne Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage Royal Mint mintage
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage Sydney Mint and Melbourne Mint mintage
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties link Proof (Melbourne Mint, plain edge)
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof (Melbourne Mint)
McDonald, Australian Coins and Banknotes Varieties McD varieties
Sovereign 1889: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
Gold Sovereigns: 1889 Jubilee Head Gold Sovereign 1889M Victoria Australian Gold Sovereign (Jubilee head) - Silveragecoins.com
1889S Victoria Australian Gold Sovereign (Jubilee head) - Silveragecoins.com
Sovereign 1889: Some useful external links
Museums Victoria: Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1889 Museums Victoria: Proof Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889
Museums Victoria: Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1889 Victoria 1889 Gold Sovereigns
American Numismatic Society: Gold sovereign, London (England)
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List of all (149) coins of type: United Kingdom / Sovereign (Pre-Decimal)
Sovereign 1817 Sovereign 1818 Sovereign 1819 Sovereign 1820 Sovereign 1821 Sovereign 1822
Sovereign 1823 Sovereign 1824 St George Sovereign 1824 Shield (Pattern) Sovereign 1825 St George Sovereign 1825 Shield Sovereign 1826
Sovereign 1827 Sovereign 1828 Sovereign 1829 Sovereign 1830 George IV Sovereign 1830 William IV Sovereign 1831
Sovereign 1832 Sovereign 1833 Sovereign 1835 Sovereign 1836 Sovereign 1837 William IV Sovereign 1837 Victoria
Sovereign 1838 Sovereign 1839 Sovereign 1841 Sovereign 1842 Sovereign 1843 Sovereign 1844
Sovereign 1845 Sovereign 1846 Sovereign 1847 Sovereign 1848 Sovereign 1849 Sovereign 1850
Sovereign 1851 Sovereign 1852 Sovereign 1853 Sovereign 1854 Sovereign 1855 Sovereign 1856
Sovereign 1857 Sovereign 1858 Sovereign 1859 Sovereign 1860 Sovereign 1861 Sovereign 1862
Sovereign 1863 Sovereign 1864 Sovereign 1865 Sovereign 1866 Sovereign 1868 Sovereign 1869
Sovereign 1870 Sovereign 1871 Shield Sovereign 1871 St George Sovereign 1872 Shield Sovereign 1872 St George Sovereign 1873 Shield
Sovereign 1873 St George Sovereign 1874 Shield Sovereign 1874 St George Sovereign 1875 Shield Sovereign 1875 St George Sovereign 1876 Shield
Sovereign 1876 St George Sovereign 1877 Shield Sovereign 1877 St George Sovereign 1878 Shield Sovereign 1878 St George Sovereign 1879 Shield
Sovereign 1879 St George Sovereign 1880 Shield Sovereign 1880 St George Sovereign 1881 Shield Sovereign 1881 St George Sovereign 1882 Shield
Sovereign 1882 St George Sovereign 1883 Shield Sovereign 1883 St George Sovereign 1884 Shield Sovereign 1884 St George Sovereign 1885 Shield
Sovereign 1885 St George Sovereign 1886 Shield Sovereign 1886 St George Sovereign 1887 Shield Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head
Sovereign 1888 Sovereign 1889 Sovereign 1890 Sovereign 1891 Sovereign 1892 Sovereign 1893 Veiled head
Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head Sovereign 1894 Sovereign 1895 Sovereign 1896 Sovereign 1897 Sovereign 1898
Sovereign 1899 Sovereign 1900 Sovereign 1901 Sovereign 1902 Sovereign 1903 Sovereign 1904
Sovereign 1905 Sovereign 1906 Sovereign 1907 Sovereign 1908 Sovereign 1909 Sovereign 1910
Sovereign 1911 Sovereign 1912 Sovereign 1913 Sovereign 1914 Sovereign 1915 Sovereign 1916
Sovereign 1917 Sovereign 1918 Sovereign 1919 Sovereign 1920 Sovereign 1921 Sovereign 1922
Sovereign 1923 Sovereign 1924 Sovereign 1925 Sovereign 1926 Sovereign 1927 Sovereign 1928
Sovereign 1929 Sovereign 1930 Sovereign 1931 Sovereign 1932 Sovereign 1937 Edward VIII (not released) Sovereign 1937 (Proof only)
Sovereign 1953 (not released) Sovereign 1957 Sovereign 1958 Sovereign 1959 Sovereign 1962 Sovereign 1963
Sovereign 1964 Sovereign 1965 Sovereign 1966 Sovereign 1967 Sovereign 1968