Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only), Coin from Australia - detailed information

Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only), Coin from Australia
CoinTwo Cents 1991 (mint sets only)

The Australian two-cent coin is the second smallest denomination of the Australian dollar. It was introduced with the Currency Act 1965 (Commonwealth) but - unlike some of the other denominations - it did not replace an earlier pre-decimal coin; given that the 5 cents piece replaced the sixpence, two cents were technically equal to 2.4 pence but the Act rounded that to either two or three pence. The halfpenny, penny and threepence denominations had no exact equivalent in the new system, unlike the sixpence, shilling and florin which were equivalent to respectively 5 cents, 10 cents and 20 cents and were re-denominated as such

No two cent coins were issued into circulation in 1986. Some were struck for the proof and uncirculated mint sets of the year only. In 1991, silver proofs were also minted (mass of 6.06g., 0.925 silver = 0.1791 ASW).

The one cent and the two cent denominations were withdrawn from circulation in February 1992. They have never been demonetised though and remain legal tender.

MintRoyal Australian Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage189,000
Obverse
Australia / Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only) - obverse photo

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait").

Incuse in tiny letters on the neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Reverse
Australia / Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only) - reverse photo

The reverse features a frilled lizard with neck frill extended and mouth open, designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin. The denomination numeral 2 [cents] is left of the lizard's head; below its body in (very) tiny letters, the designer's initials SD.

Reverse Inscription 2
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only): Known varieties
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 41,000 (included in total)
Variety Silver Proof FDC
Images Australia / Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only) / Silver Proof FDC - obverse photo Australia / Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only) / Silver Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 25,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details

Issued in the Masterpieces in Silver collection.

Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins Mintage
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins Varieties Proof, Silver proof
All (29) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Two Cents
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Cents 1966 429,554,110 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966
Two Cents 1967 73,250,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1967
Two Cents 1968 16,995,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1968
Two Cents 1969 12,953,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1969
Two Cents 1970 39,887,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1970
Two Cents 1971 60,745,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1971
Two Cents 1972 77,580,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1972
Two Cents 1973 94,068,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1973
Two Cents 1974 177,734,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1974
Two Cents 1975 100,068,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1975
Two Cents 1976 121,903,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1976
Two Cents 1977 102,055,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
Two Cents 1978 128,739,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
Two Cents 1979 69,741,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1979
Two Cents 1980 145,671,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1980
Two Cents 1981 247,386,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
Two Cents 1982 121,870,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1982
Two Cents 1983 177,307,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1983
Two Cents 1984 58,024,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
Two Cents 1985 32,600,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
Two Cents 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
Two Cents 1987 (mint sets only) 270,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
Two Cents 1988 29,011,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
Two Cents 1989 124,500,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
Two Cents 1990 (mint sets only) 156,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only) 189,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
Two Cents 2006 (mint sets only) 84,407 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
Two Cents 2010 (Proof only) 400 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2010
Two Cents 2016 (mint sets only) 10,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
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Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only): Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Coin TypeTwo Cents
Issued1991
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Face Value2 (x Cent)
Mintage189,000
CurrentNo
MaterialBronze
DesignerStuart Devlin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)21.5900
Mass (g)5.2000
OCC IDJPMV-REAP-CKXB-ONQG
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Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only): Photos
ImageDetails
1991 2c Silver Proof for Masterpieces in Silver
Copyright: Downies
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
1991 2c Silver Proof for Masterpieces in Silver
Copyright: Downies
Notes: Silver Proof.
Source
1991 2c Bronze Unc for the Uncirculated Year Set
Copyright: Downies
Source
1991 2c Bronze Unc for the Uncirculated Year Set
Copyright: Downies
Source
Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 79, 79a (Silver proof)