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Detailed information about Coin: Two Cents 1966 from Australia

Coin: Two Cents 1966

The Australian two-cent coin is the second smallest denomination coin of the Australian dollar. Coins issued in 1966 circulated for 26 years before, together with coins of the one cent denomination, they were withdrawn from circulation in February 1992. They were not demonetised though and remain legal tender.

Decimal coinage was introduced to Australia on 14 February 1966. The new denominations of one and two cent coins were to replace the halfpenny, penny and threepence denominations which had no exact equivalent in the new system (the sixpence, shilling and florin were exactly the same as the five, ten and twenty cent coins). To be prepared for C-day the Perth branch of the Royal Mint struck 108 million 1966 two cent coins in 1965 and a further 109,735,000 in 1966.

The coins bore no specific mint mark, but products of the Perth Mint can be identified by the shape of the lizard's claw immediately to the right of the artist's initials SD - on Perth Mint products this claw is blunt while on those of Canberra and Melbourne it is sharp.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Face value2 (x Cent) TypeTwo Cents
Year1966 CurrentNo
Mintage429,554,110 (429.6 million)
NameMint markMintage
Perth Mint No mint mark 217,735,000 (217.7 million)
Royal Australian Mint No mint mark 145,244,110 (145.2 million)
Melbourne Mint No mint mark 66,575,000 (66.6 million)
MaterialBronze DesignerStuart Devlin
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)21.5900 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)5.2000

Crowned and draped young bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Second Portrait", by Arnold Machin).

The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Rank-Broadley and the Gottwald portraits.

Around, the monarch's legend and the date: ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966.

Obverse inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966

The reverse features a frilled lizard with neck frill extended and mouth open, designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin. The denomination numeral 2 [cents] is left of the lizard's head; below its body in (very) tiny letters, the designer's initials SD.

Reverse inscription2
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Two Cents 1966: Known varieties
Proof (Royal Australian Mint) 18,110 (included in main number)
Two Cents 1966: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 63
Two Cents 1966: References to Information Used
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mintage link
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins Mintage Circulation and proof mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
Two Cents 1966: Some useful external links
Museums Victoria: Proof Coin - 2 Cents, Australia, 1966 Museums Victoria: Coin - 2 Cents, Australia, 1966
Royal Mint Bullion
Royal Mint Bullion
List of all (32) coins of type: Australia / Two Cents
Two Cents 1966 Two Cents 1967 Two Cents 1968 Two Cents 1969 Two Cents 1970 Two Cents 1971
Two Cents 1972 Two Cents 1973 Two Cents 1974 Two Cents 1975 Two Cents 1976 Two Cents 1977
Two Cents 1978 Two Cents 1979 Two Cents 1980 Two Cents 1981 Two Cents 1982 Two Cents 1983
Two Cents 1984 Two Cents 1985 Two Cents 1986 (mint sets only) Two Cents 1987 (mint sets only) Two Cents 1988 Two Cents 1989
Two Cents 1990 (mint sets only) Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only) Two Cents 2006 (mint sets only) Two Cents 2006 (Silver, Second Portrait) Two Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern Two Cents 2011 (Silver)
Two Cents 2012 (Gold) Two Cents 2016 (mint sets only)