One Penny 1936 Edward VIII, Coin from British West Africa - detailed information

One Penny 1936 Edward VIII, Coin from British West Africa (demonetised 1968)
CoinOne Penny 1936 Edward VIII

The British West African Pound was the currency of British West Africa, a group of British colonies, protectorates and mandate territories - Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Ghana (originally Gold Coast) and Gambia. From 1907 till 1911 the reverse of the coins showed the legend NIGERIA - BRITISH WEST AFRICA, then from 1912 the word NIGERIA was discontinued.

The British West African Pound was equal to the (pre-decimal) Pound Sterling and was similarly subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence. In other words, the penny was thus equal to 1/12th of a shilling or 1/240th of a pound (i.e., 240 of these coins made one pound).

Unlike its Imperial counterpart - the British Penny - the British West African Penny had a central hole which made the two coins incompatible; this was done to make sure that colonial money does not get exported to Great Britain to be used there, leaving the colonies with no cash.

For most of the history of the denomination, the coins were made of CuproNickel (copper-nickel) - like this one; this changed to bronze in 1952.

After decolonisation, the coins were replaced by the various new countries as they introduced their own independent currencies:
- Nigeria introduced the Nigerian Pound in 1958
- Ghana introduced in Ghanaian Pound in 1958
- British Cameroon (on unification with Cameroon) adopted the Central African CFA Franc in 1961
- Sierra Leone introduced the Leone in 1964
- Gambia introduced the Gambian Pound in 1965

In some places, British West African coins circulated in parallel with the new coinage until 1968. Thus, one penny coins issued in 1936 would have circulated for up to 32 years depending on location.

MintMint markTotal Mintage
Birmingham Mint Letter H 12,600,000 (12.6 million)
King's Norton Metal Co. Letters KN 12,512,000 (12.5 million)
Royal Mint No mint mark 7,992,000 (8.0 million)
Obverse
British West Africa / One Penny 1936 Edward VIII - obverse photo

An imperial crown above a central circular hole with a scroll ornament to right and left; below the crown and around the hole, the denomination ONE PENNY.

Around, outside the scroll ornaments, the monarch's legend EDWARDVS VIII REX ET IND: IMP:. Translated from Latin: Edward the Eighth, King and Emperor of India.

Below the hole, the denomination in Arabic: وَاحِد پَنّي.

The mint mark, H for the Birmingham Mint (ex Heaton and Sons) or KN for King's Norton Metal Co., is between the centre hole and the Arabic inscription. Coins struck by the Royal Mint have no mint mark.

Obverse Inscription EDWARDVS VIII REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
Reverse
British West Africa / One Penny 1936 Edward VIII - reverse photo

Around a circular central hole, Solomon's seal (a six-pointed "Star of David"), consisting of two equilateral triangles interlaced.

Around, interrupted by the star, the legend BRITISH WEST AFRICA; around below, the star divides the date: · 1936 ·.

Reverse Inscription BRITISH WEST AFRICA · 1936 ·
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
One Penny 1936 Edward VIII: Known varieties
Variety Proof (Royal Mint)
Mintage unknown
Variety Proof (Birmingham Mint)
Mintage unknown
Variety Proof (King's Norton Metal Co.)
Mintage unknown
Variety 10 Cents mule (Birmingham Mint)
Mintage unknown
Details

Mule with reverse of British West Africa one penny and obverse of East Africa 10 cents. The designs are similar, the monarch's legend is identical, the value below the central hole is, in two lines, 10 CENTS. Mint mark H is below the value.

According to Remick 1971, these coins were only found in circulation in West Africa.

One Penny 1936 Edward VIII: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof (Royal Mint), 10 Cents mule
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins Varieties Proofs
All (38) Coins of Country: British West Africa, Type: One Penny
Coin NameMintageLegend
One Penny 1907 862,848 EDWARD VII KING & EMPEROR ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1908 3,217,152 EDWARD VII KING & EMPEROR ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1909 960,000 EDWARD VII KING & EMPEROR ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1910 2,520,000 EDWARD VII KING & EMPEROR ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1911 1,920,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1912 1,560,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1913 1,824,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1914 3,014,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1915 3,295,200 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1916 3,460,800 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1917 444,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1918 993,600 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1919 22,128,300 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1920 58,554,600 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1922 3,970,560 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1926 8,040,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1927 792,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1928 6,672,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1929 636,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1933 2,805,600 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1934 2,640,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1935 8,551,200 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1936 George V 7,368,000 GEORGIVS V REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1936 Edward VIII 33,104,000 EDWARDVS VIII REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1937 18,111,400 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1940 8,640,000 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1941 6,960,000 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1942 18,840,000 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1943 36,120,000 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1944 19,440,000 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1945 24,628,800 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1946 23,442,000 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1947 81,252,020 GEORGIVS VI REX ET IND: IMP: ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1951 3,949,900 GEORGIVS SEXTVS REX ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1952 86,734,800 GEORGIVS SEXTVS REX ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1956 27,002,800 QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1957 19,940,000 QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
One Penny 1958 12,200,000 QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND ONE PENNY وَاحِد پَنّي
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One Penny 1936 Edward VIII: Details
CountryBritish West Africa
CurrencyBritish West African Pound
Coin TypeOne Penny, CuproNickel
Issued1936
MonarchKing Edward VIII
Face Value1 (x Penny)
Total Mintage33,104,000 (33.1 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1968
MaterialCuproNickel
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)30.5000
Mass (g)9.3700
OCC IDZQRA-POBN-CKZZ-OYJD
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One Penny 1936 Edward VIII: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, British West Africa, 1936
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Royal Mint (no mint mark).
Source
Coin - 1 Penny, British West Africa, 1936
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Heaton Mint (H mint mark).
Source
Coin - 1 Penny, British West Africa, 1936
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King's Norton Metal Co. (KN mint mark).
Source
Coin - 1 Penny, British West Africa, 1936
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
One Penny 1936 Edward VIII: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsBritish West Africa KM# 16
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsBritish West Africa KM# 17 (10 Cents mule)